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8 Bad Habits Successful Students Don’t Have#8230; And How to Avoid Them. Synthesis! Stephanie Allen read Classics and English at St Hugh’s College, Oxford, and egyptian, is currently researching a PhD in Early Modern Academic Drama at the University of Fribourg. Synthesis! Top tips on Study how to be less like you and synthesis, more like the brain-boxes whose grades we all envy. 1) Plan to work right up to a deadline. Do your best to avoid a last-minute panic. Synthesis Of Alum! We last-minute people are badly misunderstood. Over the Essay Experiment on Heart course of synthesis my million-year-long career as a student, I’ve seen hundreds of teacherly, tutorly and william shakespeare, fellow-studently eyebrows raised so high they disappear as I accidentally let slip that yes, I did finish writing that essay twenty minutes before the synthesis deadline and vietnam coverage, hope it’d be OK without a proof-read; yes, I did go to bed with 500 words written and plan to write another 2000 between 3 and 9 am; yes, I did think the Is the Study of Roman Law Relevant? Essay bus into synthesis, town would be a great place to write a bibliography. Of Alum! To those who don’t understand it, last-minuteness looks like laziness, disorganisation and on Heart Rate, often carelessness. It isn’t, really, of course – it’s more like a completely different habit of of alum mind, whereby you need the pressure of a limited amount of time, and specific heat relate usefulness, plan to use all the available time up until a deadline for vietnam work. You end up working just as hard as everyone else, but later, and often more frantically.

The problem is, even though being last-minute does not translate to being lazy or disorganised, it can and does get you into synthesis of alum, trouble. I’ve got examples too numerous to mention of times when I’ve ended up doing badly on synthesis something I should have nailed, because I planned to do far too much, too late. Like the synthesis of alum time I decided to radically re-structure a 10,000 word essay the synthesis day before it was due and with 2,000 words still to write – and didn’t end up having time to finish the synthesis references. Or the william shakespeare time I was going to finish writing a piece of of alum coursework on coverage the morning it was due, and then woke up with a migraine and couldn’t do anything. Or the hundreds of times I’ve handed things in full of synthesis of alum spelling mistakes that I was too tired to see after staying up all night. If you’re a last-minute person reading this and synthesis of alum, cringing inwardly over all the on Organ Donation Importance terrible things you’ve handed in because it’s all gone to pot at the very last moment – this trick can help. Of Alum! Set yourself a deadline of on Biology 9am on of alum the day before your work is due, to have something that you could hand in. It doesn’t have to be perfect, but it has to be complete – written all the of alum way to the end, conclusion and all, referenced and synthesis of alum, formatted.

If that means staying up late, or getting up super early – so be it. Make changes on the day before if you need to, but to a completed product that’s ready to go. On Biology! 2) Use caffeine to answer all problems. Not actually the william shakespeare bio answer to all of life’s problems. Synthesis Of Alum! One cup of coffee, or even Red Bull in truly desperate times, can work wonders at of alum, sharpening your thinking and helping you power through great swathes of of a Biology Lab to Virtual Lab Essay work. Synthesis! But any more won’t make much of a difference, and egyptian, instead will turn you into a jittery, shakey, unfocused, ill mess. Too much caffeine is synthesis, also bad for your heart, and , disrupts your sleep patterns. If you find it hard to focus, or sometimes feel like you’re operating from behind a brick wall of tiredness, try getting more exercise – it’s been scientifically proven again and again that getting your heart rate up for synthesis half an Essay on Organ Donation and its Importance, hour a few times a week does wonders for mood, sleep and concentration. The evil sister of synthesis working until the last minute and Essay, overdosing on synthesis coffee is the Is the Study Law Relevant? all-nighter, my least favourite of all study crutches. Synthesis! We’ve all done them; I’ve done probably hundreds in my time. Once there was a time I watched the sun come up, go down, come up, and go down again during a single session in the library (admittedly, this was in of Roman, winter, when the sun was only synthesis of alum, up for how does specific about seven hours a day – but it was still a very depressing experience).

There’s always the synthesis danger you won’t manage to stay awake long enough to hand your work in. All-nighters always seem like a brilliant idea at of alum, about six p.m. on the day before you do them: you’ll gain an william bio, extra twelve hours you wouldn’t normally have, without distractions, and you’ll probably have to eat loads of synthesis junk food and drink gallons of fizzy drinks to stay awake. Synthesis! And in fact, if you’re going to stay up all night you can probably sneak off for Essay on Biology Experiment on Heart Rate a bit of a break now#8230; At about 9pm, once you’ve eaten all your snacks and had a good long break, and started realise quite how much you’ve got to do, and carpe diem literature, how much you’d rather be doing almost anything else, the synthesis of alum sense of of a Physical Biology Lab Essay smug resolution starts to disappear. By 12, after the third coffee, you might feel OK again – but by synthesis of alum 2, your head positively throbs and your eyes are so itchy and bloodshot they’re basically half-closed. Literature! And by 4, you’re so light-headed with tiredness and hunger that you can barely read the words you’ve already written, let alone think of new ones. When you read your work back the synthesis of alum next day, when it’s already too late, you’re horrified at the amount of egyptian typos, spelling mistakes and synthesis of alum, 6am sentences that just don’t make sense criss-crossing your page. That’s if you can work the next day, that is on Biology, – staying up all night turns me into a zombie for two days at synthesis, the very least. Of course, they’re sometimes inevitable – when a piece of work takes longer than it should, or something goes wrong at the last minute.

But unless you’re one of those mad nocturnal bat-people who sleep all day and do their best work at william, 3am, don’t plan or rely on all-nighters. They’re thoroughly horrible and synthesis of alum, definitely don’t produce good work. 4) Sit on Is the of Roman Law Relevant? social networking sites while studying. Synthesis! Hey, we all do it – when we’ve got a big piece of bio work to do, that we know will require more than a couple of hours’ concentration and effort, we want to make the process as fun as possible. Synthesis Of Alum! And there are lots of heat to its usefulness for life different ways of synthesis doing this: whether it’s planning to meet people for egyptian coffees or lunches to break the synthesis day up; sitting and reading through notes in the sunshine rather than the library; going to the library with a friend and of alum, stopping work every few minutes to have a chat; or sitting with Facebook or Twitter open while we work, and simultaneously conducting our social and academic life from the of alum same desk.

The last two ways of Biology Lab Essay getting round work are, in my experience, always a mistake. Synthesis! To garble some pop-science, our brains function on two different levels. The first level, the way we normally think, is of a an Online Virtual, fast, instinctive and emotional – always prompting us to act in response to our surroundings, this is the vietnam brain that helps us get through the of alum day without being knocked over by a car or eaten by a lion. Egyptian Polytheism! But the synthesis of alum human mind can also function in a slower, more deliberative and carpe diem literature, logical way – taking its time over synthesis of alum decisions in Essay on Organ Importance, order to reach stronger answers and, crucially, allowing for creative thought. This is the Conversion of a Virtual Lab Essay system of synthesis of alum thinking we should aim to employ when working, whether it’s on a piece of synthesis of alum writing or a set of maths problems: the slow, logical, creative brain. Vietnam! And in order to make the switch to this system, it’s crucial to shut out the distractions, the little things that trigger our instinctive reactions. Sitting with friends or on synthesis of alum Facebook might seem like way to make working less stressful and more fun, but it’ll make it harder to focus and really think through a problem. Of Alum! It will mean that those problems take longer to solve, and the solutions end up being of of alum a worse quality.

Try working alone, without distractions, for Conversion Physical Virtual three- or four-hour bursts and synthesis of alum, you’ll be astonished how much you get done, how much better your work is and egyptian polytheism, how much more time you have left for the things you really want to do. Of Alum! Working in water's specific to its usefulness, your room is synthesis of alum, a great route to procrastination. Synthesis! Working in shakespeare bio, your room always seems like a great idea at synthesis, first: it’s nice and on Biology on Heart Rate, cosy, there’s easy access to tea and synthesis, snacks and you don’t even have to get dressed. But I find that it’s a recipe for distraction: whether it’s the synthesis clarion call of the delicious treats in the fridge prompting a break every five minutes, the lure of the on Biology Experiment Rate television or the realisation that I really do desperately need to do laundry this very instant , I always find reasons to distract myself at home. And what’s more, a day cooped up in a single room without achieving much or seeing anyone can leave you feeling lonely and of alum, stressed and mean that it’s difficult to switch off and polytheism, relax in of alum, the same room at the end of the egyptian day. No – the synthesis of alum library is the way to go. Synthesis! When you don’t understand or you can’t get the Conversion of a hang of synthesis something, and you haven’t got a clue even how to begin, it can feel like you’re the Physical Biology Lab to only person in the world who just doesn’t get it . I used to sit in Science and Maths lessons for weeks on synthesis of alum end without having a clue what was going on, copying the occasional thing down just to look like I was listening, lost in daydreams of bashing the girl next to me (who used to put her hand up to answer every single question ) very hard over the head with my graphical calculator, and sniggering unpleasantly if she ever got a question wrong. Essay On Organ Donation Importance! The thing I didn’t understand in of alum, those dark Sciencey days was that no matter how bright or hard-working, everyone struggles with topics or concepts from time to time. Synthesis! Absolutely no one understands absolutely everything the first time they hear it; what makes a really successful student is on Biology, how they deal with things they find difficult. Synthesis! Rather than ignoring tough topics, focusing on what they like and diem, declaring sadly that they ‘just don’t have a mathsy brain’, top students identify problems and deal with them early. If they don’t get something in class, they go home that day and read through their notes, a text book or their syllabus; they ask the teacher or a friend to explain it to them again so that the problem doesn’t fester, becoming bigger and more stressful, and meaning that they don’t understand more things later on.

7) Leave work behind in the classroom. Synthesis Of Alum! This isn’t the only time you should be thinking about work. When you were younger, listening in class and synthesis, doing your homework, as well as the how does heat relate to its usefulness for life odd bit of of alum revision for carpe diem literature a test here and synthesis, there, were probably enough to guarantee that you always did brilliantly. Synthesis Of Alum! But as you get older and start to specialise, everything suddenly seems to become more and more complex, and teachers and tutors use classes to throw huge amounts of information at you, aiming to cover everything in a short space of synthesis of alum time and expecting that you’ll go away and work on things independently. Essay And Its! From your final years at synthesis of alum, school onwards, it makes a huge difference to your success if you consolidate what you’re learning as you go: shifting from of alum a paradigm of relying on your teacher and carpe diem literature, classes, to being more independent, and egyptian polytheism, putting in the hours outside of lessons to make sure you understand everything. This sounds scary but actually isn’t too tough if you do it regularly. Spend an hour a day or a few hours at on Biology Experiment Rate, the end of synthesis a week reading through the notes you’ve made and relevant sections in on Organ Donation, your textbooks, jotting down any questions you want to ask, checking anything you don’t understand with your teacher or against Importance the book, and synthesis of alum, practising anything you find tough.

This will not only stop gaps developing in of a, your knowledge as you progress, but will mean that by synthesis the time you come to revise, you’ll have great, full notes, and , will effectively have revised everything once already! Don’t let one bad grade dishearten you. Synthesis! Even the best students mess up sometimes, getting things wrong, making mistakes in how does specific heat to its usefulness, tests or handing in pieces of work that totally bomb. But because these students tend to do well, they’re often confident enough to accept occasional failures, taking them in Essay on Biology Rate, their stride and realising that having written one bad essay, or even a string of them, doesn’t make them incapable of doing well the next time. If you mess up once, a few times, or even for a whole year, the of alum worst thing you can possibly do is let it knock your confidence and make you stop trying. Egyptian! Instead, tell yourself that you’re just as capable of of alum doing well as anyone else, and ask your teacher for Physical Virtual Lab Essay feedback on of alum what the Physical Biology Lab to Virtual Lab Essay exact problem was and work on of alum rectifying that thing the next time.

It might be that you then mess something else up but don’t let this stress you out. Making a mistake and learning a lesson often gives you a better understanding of how to succeed than flukily hitting the jackpot the of alum first time round. 4 Responses to #8220;8 Bad Habits Successful Students Don’t Have#8230; And How to Avoid Them#8221; July 18, 2015 at 9:35 am, Iorkyaan patricia said: Thank you so much. October 13, 2016 at 9:18 am, Rohit Kumar Gupta said: I am Rohit Kumar Gupta.i study in synthesis, 11th stander .I also avoid all bed habit during study. October 30, 2015 at 1:48 am, Sangam Agarwal said: Habit No .1 deadline is really good. We can complete our work before time.

Deadline for every study topic is , very necessary. Of Alum! August 11, 2017 at 6:16 am, The curious mind said:

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long essay outline Sure, you’re a lover not a fighter. Synthesis Of Alum? I am too. But that doesn’t mean that you can avoid writing your argumentative essay! Since you have to write an argumentative essay, you might as well learn how to write it well, right? I’ve said it time and time again—there’s nothing worse than staring at a blank page. Putting together an argumentative essay outline is the perfect way to turn your blank document into Essay on Organ Donation Importance a ready-to-use template. All you have to of alum, do is how does water's heat, fill in synthesis the blanks! In this blog post, I’m going to share with you how to Is the Study of Roman Law Relevant? Essay, create an argumentative essay outline.

At the synthesis of alum end, I’ll give you a downloadable skeleton outline you can use to get started. Structure of the Argumentative Essay Outline. That’s not so bad! There’s really nothing to be afraid of. Here’s how your argumentative essay outline would look if you turned it into a pretty picture: Each of these four sections requires some important elements. Let’s break those down now. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 1: Your Intro. Your introduction is william, where you lay the foundation for your impenetrable argument. Synthesis? It’s made up of a hook, background information, and a thesis statement. 1. Hook.

Your first sentence is comprised of specific heat relate to its, a “hook.” Don’t know what a hook is? A hook is synthesis, a sentence that grabs your reader’s attention just like a good Jackie Chan movie grabs the attention of a martial arts fan. Let’s say I’m writing an argumentative essay about Essay Donation and its why American people should start eating insects. My hook could be, “For those interested in synthesis improving their diets and the environment, say ‘goodbye’ to eating chicken, fish, and beef and ‘hello’ to Essay on Organ Importance, eating silk worms, crickets, and caterpillars.” If you’re having trouble coming up with a good hook, I recommend reading my blog post How to Write Good Hook Sentences. 2. Background information. The next part of your intro is synthesis, dedicated to offering some detailed background information on your topic. Try answering the carpe diem definition literature following questions: What is the of alum issue at hand? Who cares?

Where is this issue prevalent? Why is it important? For example, “Insects are abundant, nutritious, and environmentally sustainable. Currently, people in the United States shun the idea of eating insects as part of their diets, favoring instead less nutritious and environmentally destructive food options, such as beef and pork. The UN recently issued a statement calling for more world citizens to embrace the many benefits of eating insects.” 3. Thesis.

Your thesis typically makes up the last sentence of your intro paragraph. This is where you clearly state your position on synthesis of alum, the topic and give a reason for your stance. For example, “A diet of insects can help fix problems related to starvation, obesity, and climate change, and how does heat to its usefulness for life, therefore, United States citizens should learn to synthesis, rely on a variety of insects over chicken, beef, and Is the Study of Roman, fish as their main source of of alum, protein and definition literature, nutrition.” Notice the word “should” in my thesis statement? Using this word makes it clear I’m taking a stance on the argument. You’ll also notice that my thesis statement sets up the three claims I’m going to expand on later: a diet of insects can help fix problems related to starvation, obesity, and climate change. Let’s talk about adding those claims to our argumentative essay outline now. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 2: Developing Your Argument.

Now that you have filled in the general points of your topic and outlined your stance in synthesis of alum the introduction, it’s time to develop your argument. In my sample outline, I show three claims, each backed by three points of evidence. ? Offering three claims is just a suggestion; you may find that you only have two claims to make, or four. The exact number of synthesis, claims you choose to include doesn’t matter (unless, of course, your teacher has given you a specific requirement). What matters is how does water's specific heat for life, that you develop your argument as thoroughly as possible. 1. What is a claim? A claim is a statement you make to support your argument. For example, “Bugs are highly nutritious and eating them can fix the of alum problem of on Organ, hunger and malnutrition in the United States.” Great!

So I’ve made my claim. Of Alum? But who’s going to believe me? This is where evidence comes into play. 2. What is evidence? For each claim you make, you need to provide supporting evidence. Evidence is factual information from reliable sources. It is not personal knowledge or anecdotal. For example, “Researchers at the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United States state that ‘Termites are rich in protein, fatty acids, and other micronutrients. Carpe Diem? Fried or dried termites contain 32–38 percent proteins.’“

My outline shows three pieces of evidence to synthesis of alum, support each claim, but you may find that each claim doesn’t necessarily have three pieces of evidence to back it. Once again, the definition exact number doesn’t necessarily matter (unless your teacher has given you instructions), but you need enough evidence to make your claim believable. Once you have gathered your evidence to of alum, support your claims, it’s time to add the next important element of your argumentative essay outline: refuting your opponents’ arguments. Let’s talk about that now. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 3: Refuting Opponents’ Arguments. In this section, you state your opponents’ views and then offer a rebuttal. For example, “Opponents of insect eating from the Beef Council of America say that it is too difficult and time consuming to how does water's relate to its usefulness for life, catch crickets, so it is synthesis of alum, not easy to gather enough food for vietnam war news coverage a meal, whereas a cow is large and contains a lot of meat for many meals.” Oh diss! We know the Beef Council just wants us to keep eating McD’s hamburgers and skip the cricket soup. (By the way—I just made that up. The Beef Council did not say that. In your essay, make sure to use real facts.)

Now it’s time to set the opponents straight with a refutation that is full of hard evidence and that will bring them to their knees. For example, “According to of alum, researchers Cerritos and Cano-Santana, the best time to harvest crickets is to catch them in the hour just before sunrise when they are least active. What’s more, it is easy to develop the infrastructure to farm crickets in a way that is carpe literature, more sustainable than cattle farming.” Booyah! The Beef Council has been served (crickets). Once you have refuted your opponents’ viewpoints, it’s time to sail to the finish line with your conclusion.

Argumentative Essay Outline Section 4: Conclusion. In your conclusion, you are going to accomplish two important tasks. 1. Restate the importance of your issue. Synthesis Of Alum? Similar to egyptian, what you did in synthesis of alum your introduction, you want to restate why this topic is critical. For example, “Simply by incorporating insects into their diets, U.S. citizens can improve the sustainability and nutrition of the Study of Roman Law Relevant? American diet.” 2. Synthesis Of Alum? Paint a picture of the world if your argument is Study of Roman, (or is synthesis of alum, not) implemented. In the vietnam war news coverage final part of your conclusion, make your audience think about the synthesis of alum ramifications of your argument. What would happen if people started eating insects as a staple of their diets? For example, “The world would be a better place if more people ate insects as a part of their diets. Fewer people would go hungry, more people would get the Is the Study Law Relevant? Essay vitamins, minerals, and synthesis of alum, micronutrients they need to live healthy lifestyles, and Study Essay, our planet would be relieved of the burden of an unsustainable food system.

Closing with a clear picture of the world as you would like it to be can leave your reader convinced that your argument is valid. Download the Argumentative Essay Outline Template. Download this skeleton Argumentative Essay Outline to of alum, get started. Before you go off into the sunset and use my outline template, make sure that you are following the guidelines specific to carpe, your course. While this is a pretty standard outline, there are other ways to of alum, outline your argumentative essay. If you’re interested in learning more about definition literature argumentative essays, I suggest reading The Secrets of a Strong Argumentative Essay.

Want even more knowledge? Check out this argumentative essay infographic! If you’re looking for some ideas, check out synthesis these argumentative essay examples. When you have your argumentative essay and outline ready to go, you can always have one of for life, our awesome editors give it a second look. Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades!

Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the synthesis of alum Author. Naomi Tepper is a former Kibin editor, the former content manager for the Kibin blog, and , forever a word nerd. wow this was really help full. Super! I’m really happy to synthesis of alum, help. Coverage? #128578; Hi I have a 20 minute presentation to do on the history of cognitive-behaviour therapy. Don’t know where to of alum, begin.

Is this the same as doing an argument. This sounds more like an expository essay. How Does Specific Heat Relate To Its? An expository essay (or presentation in your case) has the synthesis of alum goal of informing the audience on a specific topic. Egyptian Polytheism? Usually you don’t take an synthesis argumentative stance for or against these topics. How Does Water's Heat? For more information on expository writing visit: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-an-expository-essay/ hi i need some help on an argument . The topic is internet a guide or a distraction. i hope u can help. Do you think the internet is a guide or a distraction? I would suggest writing a thesis statement like this: You could focus on arguing for the internet: “The internet is a useful guide as shown by evidence 1, evidence 2, and synthesis, evidence 3.” OR you could focus on shakespeare, arguing against synthesis of alum the internet: “The internet is an annoying distraction as shown by evidence 1, evidence 2, and evidence 3.” OR, and this is the best option, you could focus on synthesis of alum, arguing how to Study, best use the of alum internet: “The internet can be both a useful guide as shown by evidence 1 and william shakespeare bio, evidence 2, but it can also be an annoying distraction as shown by evidence 3 and evidence 4. It is important to set personal limits on synthesis of alum, web use including solution 1, solution 2, and solution 3.”

Personal limits could include things such as limiting yourself to viewing only Donation and its Importance, specific websites during work/study hours, limiting overall time online, and other things like that! Hi Liz, well first you need to pick a side. What do you think? Should they have their licenses revoked? Then you need to come up with a few reasons for why you think this. Can you find any examples of how this tactic has worked (or hasn’t worked). Synthesis Of Alum? What about people who lose their licenses for other (criminal) reasons, is this type of punishment effective? Why or why not?

Come up with approx three claims to support your side. Find some evidence to support your claims. Lay out how each of the diem literature two authors approach the topic of the Crusades. What do they have in common? What is different? Super happy to help! thank you so much for this!

You are welcome so much! Thanks for reading. #128578; Hi, I am writing an synthesis argumentative essay on freedom of speech rights and the 1st amendment and I have two sides of the argument. Essay And Its Importance? I am for freedom of speech if it doesn’t harm other people and of alum, I have some cases where the supreme court are avoiding the laws stated in the amendment but I’m on the court’s side of restricting inappropriate speech in a school environment. How should I start out my argument? I think you need to combine your two perspectives into one focused argument.

Do you, perhaps, want to argue that inappropriate speech in a school environment is actually harmful to definition literature, other people? That way, it falls into your first argument (pro-free speech as long as it’s not harmful) quite nicely. Good luck! it has helped a lot …… great work. Thanks!

Glad you liked it. #128578; Thank you very much :)) You are welcome! Thanks for reading #128578; HI, I am writing an argumentative essay on how different governments should provide additional funding to increase awareness of synthesis of alum, human trafficking, prevent human trafficking, and diem literature, help victims who have been trafficked. I am not sure where to start from. Hi–some of synthesis of alum, these example essays on human trafficking may give you ideas on how does water's specific heat to its usefulness, how to get started: https://www.kibin.com/essay-examples/search/human%20trafficking. Hi, I am writing an argumentative essay on how is social media like Facebook or Twitter beneficial or harmful to its users?

I am not sure how to start from there. Hi Rosie– you might find inspiration on how to get started by reviewing some of these example essays on social media: https://www.kibin.com/essay-examples/search/social%20media. Hi, i was wondering if in the conclusion of the essay you need to end it with a question, something for the reader to continue to think about after reading or is of alum, it unnecessary? Great question! Asking a larger question is definitely one great conclusion technique. Some teachers/profs really like this, while others prefer that you tie everything up with a neat little bow. I recommend you check out this post on the topic of conclusions: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/essay-conclusion/ This helped a lot! Thanks, love how its broken down.

I have a question though. Should the water's specific heat to its for life conclusion have its own paragraph or can I include the conclusion with opponents argument? I definitely recommend giving your conclusion its own paragraph. You don’t want to leave your readers hanging on to just your opponent’s argument! You can learn more about writing conclusions in this post: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/essay-conclusion/

Helped me to help my students #128578; I was wondering if you can show a sample essay with these elements in use? Thank you #128578; Awesome! I love to hear that. That’s a really great idea… and one that I intend to implement in upcoming blog posts. Synthesis? However, at this time I don’t readily have access to a knock out example. –Naomi.

HELP. I am having a hard time with my argumentative research essay on drug testing to receive state benefits a.e. T.A.N.F, food stamps.. I’m getting so frustrated and I dont have any idea where to vietnam war news coverage, begin.. I found it very useful! Thanks a lot #128512; You’re welcome a lot!

Thanks for synthesis of alum reading. #128578; thanks helped me a lot luv your work 3. can u do a website on argumentiv wtiting starters plz im a begener. OMG. Is The Of Roman Essay? THX so much this helped a ton. You are so welcome! Thanks for of alum reading. #128578; You’re welcome! Wow that’s a great idea for war news coverage an essay. Very intriguing. is this guide ok for an eight grader test.

Yasss…This blog is synthesis of alum, reliable…Thanks ? Woot! Glad you like it. #128578; I’m happy to hear it. #128578; Thanks for your comment. I have to write an argumentative. research essay about the career of my choice, which is sports marketing. I’m not sure what type of , arguments I need to make.

Am I defending my choice of careers? Am I talking about it’s importance in the world? It’s just something I am interested in so I am not sure how to write an argumentative paper about it. I have to synthesis, write an argumentative research essay about the career of my choice, which is sports marketing. I’m not sure what type of arguments I need to make. Synthesis? Am I defending my choice of careers?

Am I talking about it’s importance in the world? It’s just something I am interested in synthesis of alum so I am not sure how to coverage, write an synthesis of alum argumentative paper about it. Hi there–I’d double check your assignment for clues on how to approach this. If there really aren’t any additional clues, I would go with your first instinct to defend your choice of careers. Why are you interested? Is the pay worth it? What makes you cut out for this career in particular? A thesis statement might look like:

Sports marketing is the perfect career choice for me as it will allow me to use my strengths in XYZ, make a decent income, all while keeping me interested and engaged. Then use the egyptian polytheism rest of your essay to fill out those key points. Thanks! That’s helpful. Here’s what the synthesis of alum assignment says: “In your argumentative research essay, you will a) conduct research about how does water's relate to its for life a successful and realistic career of your choice, b) use this research and accompanying commentary and rhetoric to create an argument that you will eventually present and defend to a group of peers. This assignment serves to create a foundation for personal statements, resumes and CVs, and synthesis, even interviews in which you will be asked about shakespeare bio your chosen career path and its significance to you. The evidence you collect during your research should support and justify your pursuit of any given career.” Do you think I will be on track if I use your suggested thesis? Yes–I do. You’ll also want to find some hard facts and statistics to synthesis of alum, support your claims. Shakespeare Bio? For example, dig up how much it will cost for you to get your degree and synthesis of alum, weigh that against your potential income.

You’ll want to start with a clear thesis statement. Carpe? I assume that when you say you are pro-Hungary this means that you feel the synthesis of alum country shouldn’t be required to accept refugees? If so, your thesis statement might look something like this: Hungary should not be required to accept Syrian refugees because of reason 1, reason 2, and reason 3. Or–if you think the country should help. You would start with a thesis like this: Hungary should be required to accept Syrian refugees because of reason 1, reason 2, and reason 3. Glad to help! Thanks for your comment.

Hi ! I need help in writing a good thesis statement on the advantages and disadvantages of using a cell phone. Please help. I need to submit it on thursday. Plz Plz help. This one is pretty straightforward. You can frame it like this: Cell phone use has many advantages such as A, and B, but some disadvantages such as C. Or you could flip it: Cell phone use has many disadvantages such as A, and B, but some advantages such as C.

Fill in A, B, and vietnam war news coverage, C with your actual research. Thank you so much Naomi. This is synthesis, a great help. Hi ! I need to write a thesis statement on the topic, ‘Element of , hamartia in Hamlet, Love song of J Alfred and Agamemnon. I need a thesis statement on this. I have written – Unable to take the correct decision at the right time can lead to a tragic end. To be able to make that correct decision one must have the confidence otherwise it can have a tragic end as it happened to the protagonists in Hamlet, Agamemnon and The Love song of J. Alfred. Do you think this is ok, if not can you help me please in writing a good thesis statement. Thank you. I think you have the of alum right idea, but your version is unclear and william shakespeare, a bit repetitive. How about this edit?

Being unable to make the synthesis of alum right decision at the right time can lead to a tragic end, which is exactly what happened to the protagonists in Hamlet, Agamemnon, and how does specific relate to its usefulness for life, The Love song of J. Alfred. Thank you Naomi so very much. Synthesis Of Alum? This is great. I can go ahead now. You’re welcome, Rachel! First you’ll need to , come up with a thesis statement. For example: Public schools should be divided by sex because of reason 1, reason 2, and reason 3. Then choose reasons that you can support with evidence from your research. this really works thanks. Glad it worked for you, Rose!

Thanks for of alum your comment. Thanks but I’m having trouble coming up with a good topic that is strong and worthy to be argued but not boring. Donation And Its Importance? I want to do something that isn’t a popular topic like is texting and driving bad anu advice. thank you so much. I have to write an argumentative essay on Poverty and Illiteracy. I have already looked up my citations. But I don’t know how to break down my citations.

Could you help me please? I’m not sure whether you need to write APA, MLA, or some other type of citation, but I have some blog posts that can help: MLA is how I need to of alum, write it. Oh lordy this blog is ammmaaazzzinnnng. Why thank you! I appreciate you readinnnnnng! can you send me your project on my email [emailprotected] Ikr like wowww …I am so grateful to reach up on it.

can u send me your project on my email [emailprotected] . I’m supposed to create an argumentative essay that Rome was a superior society to Han China. Thank you so much. I think this is super helpful. Now my next problem is if I can fit it all onto one page. (That’s the limit our teacher gave us. he wants to coverage, see if we can make brief statements that speak many words with little words written) Funny–is that a common assignment this month? You’re not the first student to ask me about this Romans v Hans. A topic that large is synthesis of alum, going to be very difficult to explore in a single page–but hey, it’s a good exercise in concision. In any case–at the risk of sounding sales-y–the Kibin editing team is Essay Importance, really good at synthesis, meticulously cutting an essay down to size if you end up going over that one-page limit. You can learn more about our editing service here: https://www.kibin.com/essay-editing-proofreading. I really don’t understand the refuting part.

When you refute something, you take your opponent’s argument and rip it to shreds. So for example, say your opponent’s biggest argument is vietnam war news coverage, that Donald Trump is the best candidate for U.S. president, you could counter that argument by pointing out that he has zero experience in politics. hello again. I don’t know if you got my resent reply but I was trying to on Organ Donation Importance, ask and synthesis, see if you could give me a little advice on some good resources involving work laws for teens. This is on Organ Donation, really helped a lot. I was able to of alum, do my argumentative essay after reading this.

It also explained clearly what I was looking for. Thank you! 3. You are so welcome! Glad to help. #128578; thanks a lot! this helped me create my english paper! Sweet! Love to hear that. #128578; Thank you so much. You saved my last semester of college! (From a French canadian currently having English Classes) Hey!

Thanks for the great comment. You really made my day! I wish you the very best in your English classes. Woot! Happy to help. #128578; Fantastic! So happy to hear it. Is The Study Of Roman Law Relevant?? #128578; I’m writing about functionalism and Weberianism.

Compare and contrast them and discuss briefly how concepts from the two theories contribute to the knowledge of health practitioners. Synthesis? Please hook me up!! Love this blog. What email address I can sent my essay to get fix? And how long do I have to wait to get it back. Water's Heat To Its? Thank you. Hi Trinh Le, I love that you love it. #128578; Thanks for the comment. To have an synthesis of alum essay edited, please visit us here: https://www.kibin.com/essay-editing-proofreading.

Our editors can have your essay back in as few as 3 hours (depending on word count). I’m in love with this blog. On Organ? I was totally dreading the synthesis argumentative essay outline but now I’m kind of pumped thanks to your (absolutely hilarious) examples! Awesome! I love hearing this.

Writing can be fun as long as you don’t actively dread it. #128578; THANK YOU SO MUCH PLEASE WISH ME LUCK FOR MY ENGLISH EXAM TOMORROW SINCE ARGUMENTATIVE IS GOING TO BE INCLUDED IN THE EXAM TOMORROW I SHOULD’VE ADD THE EVIDENCE FOR THE CLAIM HAHAHAHA O??? Thanks for reading! #128578; This saved my life. Thank you so much! Sweet! Happy to be a lifesaver. I need this argumentative essay for tmm… if crickets should be added to lunch school I need a sting essay I’m in 11 grade my opinion is egyptian polytheism, yes crickets should be added.

Hi there, the outline in synthesis this post should help you a lot! As for william your thesis statement, you could write something like: Crickets should be added to the school lunch menu because they are both nutritious and synthesis of alum, inexpensive. For the rest of , your essay, talk about of alum how you know they are nutritious and inexpensive (hint, do your research!). I never understood the way my teacher taught this until I found this blog.

It has helped me write a better argumentative essay. Thanks. You’re welcome! Thanks for reading. #128578; Awesome! I love to hear feedback like this. Thanks for reading! Thanks a lot mate helped me so much. Super! Happy to help.

You’re super welcome! Happy to help. Thank You sooo much for this blog. This has given me a chance to structure my assignment even better. THANKS xx. Thanks so much for reading! Happy to help. I’m writing about functionalism and egyptian polytheism, Weberianism.

Compare and contrast them and discuss briefly how concepts from the two theories contribute to the knowledge of health practitioners. Of Alum? Please hook me up!! Your topic is a bit over my head, but you may be able to Essay Donation and its Importance, get the creative juices flowing by using our compare/contrast thesis statement generator: https://www.kibin.com/thesis-builder/compare-contrast-topic. You’re welcome! Thanks for synthesis reading. My name is Study Law Relevant?, Haley and i have to do an synthesis argumentative essay for LA and synthesis of alum, my topic is……..In what situations, if any, does a woman have a right to an abortion? what should i put as a hook? The hook you choose will definitely depend on your stance on the topic. If your paper is pro-choice, you could start with a shocking statistic about the number of Is the of Roman Law Relevant?, women who go through illegal/dangerous abortions during times and of alum, places where abortion is carpe diem literature, illegal. If your paper is pro-life, you might start with an synthesis emotional appeal about the vietnam war news coverage life of an unborn fetus being cut short.

This is very helpful. I was having trouble getting started on writing but now I feel a lot more confident in my subject. Thanks for the breakdown. Happy you found it useful. Thanks for synthesis of alum reading! Glad to carpe diem definition, hear that! M hving trouble with introduction on smoking restriction. Can you help me with introducing on smoking restriction topic and thesis as well. I’m going to assume that you are taking a stance in synthesis of alum favor of on Organ Donation and its Importance, smoking restriction. A hook would be a shocking statistic about the health risks of secondhand smoke to of alum, non-smokers. Here is a good source to get you started: http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/secondhand_smoke/general_facts/

A thesis statement framework might look like this: Smoking restrictions are critical to public health due to reason 1, reason 2, and reason 3. You might also try our thesis statement builder: https://www.kibin.com/thesis-builder. Naomi! youre amazing! this has really clarified this topic for me. thank you! Well, thank you, Neil! This comment was a great way to polytheism, start my Friday. #128578; Wow, this is really good. I have been reading about synthesis academic reading and writing every day for 9 wks.

I have to write a 1200-1500 word argumentative essay for my 1st university assessment. This is by far the most helpful article I have read. Well done and of alum, thanks. Heaps. Fantastic! Happy to help. I have to write a argumentative essay and the topic is: Should Homeland security and the CIA treat terrorist better? Aren’t they people too?

I’m not sure what exactly im suppose to do or how to start it. thank you ms.Naomi that was really helpful. Do you add in a rebuttal for each of your points?? That is heat to its usefulness, certainly one way to approach an synthesis argumentative essay. Carpe Definition Literature? Take an opponent’s view on of alum, each of your arguments and vietnam war news coverage, then crush it with your rebuttal. Or, if you follow the outline I gave you in this post, just include a section to crush one or two common opponent arguments. Thank you, this was very helpful and in the same time funny! good way to synthesis, make interesting!! This was very helpful, but I still have some hesitation, my last important paper is an Argumentative Research, and this will be my first one. Egyptian? I already have a thesis chosen and I’m just kinda confuse about what facts I need to synthesis, collect, but its just getting information that will back up my thesis,correct? Hi there–yes, as long as you have a good defendable thesis, you should be able to Essay on Organ Donation and its Importance, find sources to support your stance.

Here is a blog post about of alum making sure your sources are credible: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/apply-craap-test-essay-sources/ Thanks for answering but I’m having a difficult time trying to find and discern what will be helpful in my paper. Vietnam War News Coverage? My paper being about Human Rights specifically Minority/Indigenous Rights. This was so helpful! But, I do have a couple of questions. Is there a secret to writing a killer hook?

What is the best way to state your claim in synthesis the introduction? You might need to coverage, also read these posts: Thank you so much for the helpful info. I definitely owe a get out of synthesis of alum, jail free card. Awesome, I could definitely use it. #128578;

Seriously very usefull tips i like it #128578; How many paragraphs is this? The argumentative essay outline is 6 paragraphs as it stands, but you can definitely alter it to suit your purposes by adding or subtracting body paragraphs as needed. Usually your hook sentence is how does specific heat relate for life, separate from your thesis statement. The hook is the first sentence in the intro paragraph, while your thesis statement is of alum, typically the last sentence in this paragraph. Sometimes you will add some background information too.

So an intro is Hook-background info-thesis statement. Here’s a revision of your sentence: ADD A HOOK SENTENCE OR TWO HERE. How Does Water's Heat To Its For Life? We live in 21st century, and synthesis, many gender roles are outdated and how does specific to its usefulness for life, shouldn’t affect our lives in the ways they did before. Synthesis? One of these outdated gender roles is the idea that only boys can ask girls out–girls should be able to ask boys out too. this is very useful… but I can not write argument for my research paper (my topic is the racism in carpe diem definition america and how effect to people ) can you help me , please.

Racism in America is of alum, a huge problem and a huge topic. I think your first step is to narrow your research focus. First, which specific problem of racism will you be looking at? Racism against vietnam war news a particular minority group? In a specific region or city? Are there studies that show the synthesis of alum effects in these groups and regions? What are some common findings/themes?

Here is another post specifically about writing a research paper: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-research-paper/ This blog is Amazing! Very helpful! But my question is Is the Study of Roman Law Relevant? Essay, that did you really have to use “eating insects” example? I was having a hot n sour soup while reading this. Ha! I’m so sorry to have ruined your supper. Synthesis? #128578; I think I was inspired to write this post after a bug flew into how does heat relate for life my mouth while I was riding my bike to work… nutty and a bit bitter. Thanks for reading! This is absolutely incredible! I greatly admire your work and accomplishment! I am a teacher that is writing a textbook with Creative Commons licensing for my school district using CK-12 as the platform.

With all due respect, I would really love to speak with you about possibly including some of the of alum information on the Kibin site, particularly this post, as a properly attributed contribution to my 6th Grade Reading Language Arts textbook. If you would not mind getting in contact with me, my email is [emailprotected] or simply reply to this comment. @naomi_tepper:disqus. Hi Alisha–Thanks for your kind comment. I’m totally in favor of you using the content from this post in your textbook with attribution. Best of Is the of Roman Law Relevant? Essay, luck on of alum, this very important project, and if you need to Essay, discuss, you can easily reach me at of alum, [emailprotected]

You’re going to have to take a stance for or against school uniforms and offer credible evidence to support your stance. I’d suggest reading this post on how to , write a thesis statement : https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-thesis-statement/ Thank you for writing all these helpful hints! I’m currently writing one for college with the topic of legalizing lane splitting for motorcycles. I just finished writing found your blog which is of alum, helping me make sure I did everything correctly #128578; thank you!! Fantastic! Happy to Donation Importance, help. this is amazing and funny as hell. this should help with my exam. tqvm #128578; Thanks so much! Best of luck with your exam. #128578; it’s very useful. thanks a lot. You’re welcome!

Thanks for commenting. I’ll be thankfull to you #128578; You just made my time. You’re welcome! Thanks for the comment. #128578; Thank you very much for synthesis of alum making this easy to understand, this helped me ace my English final exam. You are the best #128578; So happy to hear it! Thanks for the comment.

Hi ?. Thanks for this wonderful guidelines. How Does Specific Heat To Its Usefulness? Your article really makes my day more easier. Synthesis Of Alum? Wish me luck. Inny. Sweet! Good luck on your project! What a great tips. Thank you #128578; Happy you think so! Thanks for the comment.

woooow this blog had helped me lotssssssss , thanks for your efforts. Happy to help! Thanks for of alum the comment. This seems to be very helpful! I have an English final tmrw and I am really scared. Our teacher is egyptian, giving us four random articles and we have to of alum, create an argumentative essay on a question he provided us.

Do you know what I can do because I’m really bad at writing and reading. Like what else can I do rather than read this blog? First off, relax, deep breath, no need to be scared! As intimidating as this final seems right now, it will be over egyptian polytheism, soon and you’ll barely remember it happened. Of Alum? #128578; I know you said that you want advice more than just this blog, but it happens that my best advice happens to be on the blog. I have a post that I think will help you make a game plan for how does water's specific heat relate tackling an in-class essay. Synthesis? Here it is: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-timed-essay/ wowwwwwwww niiiiiiiiiiice. This really help a lot keeeep uuuuuup the good woooork. Great! Glad you thought it was helpful. #128578; This blog is awesome and so helpful!

Thank you thank you thank you. Thanks for the sweet comment! Happy to help. #128578; may u send me your project on my email [emailprotected] thank you so muuch #128512; Thanks for reading! Glad we could help. Soo good it helped me a lot! Great! Happy to help. #128578; Thanks for the clear outline, was very confused about how to start my paper after reading this made me crystal clear, don’t know how I started and didn’t know I had ended just went off like a flash. very very useful. I’m so glad you found it useful, Ram.

Thanks for reading! Thank you so much for the outline!! I used it all morning to help start my essay for college English over Big Box vs Small Businesses! Fantastic! Happy to hear it. #128578; i am writing a argumentative essay for “being competent in carpe diem definition literature English Language is necessary for successful academic achievement” cloud you plx give me a best introduction for this essay … An interesting fact or statistic that shows the correlation between learning English and academic success might be your best choice, if you can find something from a reputable source. Or, if you could start with a story about yourself or someone you know who achieved something great because of knowing how to speak English. Can anyone give me a good hook for same sex marriage . I’m writing an argumentative paper for my adv. comp class. Your hook will depend on the stance you are taking. Synthesis? For example, if you are arguing in favor of same sex marriage you could start with an interesting statistic that shines a light on synthesis of alum, the success of same sex marriages or you could start with a heartwarming story or anecdote about a successful same sex marriage. This was really funny! (and useful) Thanks #128578;

Awesome! Glad you liked it. Essay On Organ And Its? Thanks for the comment. #128578; Hey!! This page was rlly helpful but I still need help with making an intro for “Why Teenager Should Not Have TVs In Their Bedrooms” I would really appreciate it if u could help ASAP plz!!O That will help you write a strong intro — including a strong thesis #128578; Ths for this it helped a lot. Awesome! Thanks for the comment. #128578;

I really appreciate your help. didnt help at of alum, all sorry. Sorry that it wasn’t more helpful, Trent. Let us know if you have any questions that are still unanswered! I’m going to , write about of alum how humanity should strive for literature immortality. Do you think the topic is too hard and broad for a 10th grader like me? May I know your thoughts and suggestions, please? Thanks! Nah, you can totally handle that topic! I don’t think it’s too broad, either, and I really like that it take a strong stance.

Just make sure that you have 2-3 solid and specific reasons to synthesis, back up your claim that we should strive for immortality, as you’ll want to include those reasons in your thesis and defend them throughout your paper. So the first question to egyptian polytheism, answer as you write your thesis is “Why do I believe this?” Hi, there. I saw your question asking for synthesis advice on the difficulty of writing a paper on immortality. Polytheism? I have a few views on that myself but of the opposite point. Synthesis Of Alum? I would be very interested in reading your thoughts on william, the matter. So perhaps you would be inclined to email me your assignment once it’s finished. thanks this blog was very helpful. Awesome! We’re happy you think so and thanks for the comment. Synthesis? #128578; Super helpful!

About to write a 6-7 page paper for my college professor and I needed advice on an effective argumentative structure outline. Is The Study Law Relevant?? This is exactly what I needed to look at. Well designed. Sweet! Love to hear that it helped. Thanks for the kind comment. #128578; Is Misdiagnoses of synthesis of alum, Mental Disorders a good topic to write about? And is it too broad? I want to include toxic thinking as a huge contribution and impact to mental illness. I need direction– Please help!!

It is a bit broad, yes. I would suggest narrowing it down to vietnam war news, just one mental disorder. Maybe depression or ADD. You could narrow it down even further to synthesis of alum, talk about these diagnoses in young adults or children rather than everyone. Finally, make sure you have some evidence to support your argument that toxic thinking is the contributing factor here!

That’s a pretty big statement and you’ll definitely need to back it up. I COULD KISS YOU RIGHT NOW YOU SAVED MY LIFE. 3. can u send me your project on my email [emailprotected] nice .. Egyptian Polytheism? great work you have done.. thanks for of alum help Naomi… Thanks for reading and for your kind comment! Thanks for your comment! Argumentative essay known as a task challenging somehow but the thing you break it up, that was a sick info. Thanks so so much. P.S. loved your sense of humour. Aww, shucks.

Thanks for your sweet comment! #128578; bless you!! i have a paper due and this helps so much ^^ Woot! So glad to egyptian polytheism, hear it. Of Alum? Thanks for reading! Thank you so much for william shakespeare the helpful outline. Synthesis Of Alum? This is by far one of the most detailed and useful outline I have used.

Keep up the good work. Thanks for your kind comment! Happy the outline helped you. Hehe love this comment. Thanks for your kind words and happy to help. #128578; You’re super welcome! Thanks for the kind comment! A history paper isn’t necessarily the same as an argumentative essay, though it *can* be.

It really depends on how you approach your topic. Synthesis Of Alum? Read that suggested post though, it should help you get started! man, i think you dont no what you did to , me. thank U a lot. Hehe hopefully it was a good thing. Thanks for the thank you. #128578; this helped me so much. Thank you . Sweet! Happy to synthesis, hear it. Thanks, very helpful. Yay! Happy you think so. #128578; i love this blog … you are an to its usefulness awesome teacher … Aww, shucks. Thanks so much for reading. #128578;

Hehe I’m 100% positive you could be as smart as me. Synthesis? Happy this helped and thanks for the kind comment! #128578; I’m not the best at writing essays, especially argumentative ones… This is a huge help! Thank you so very much!! #128578; Sweet! Happy to help out. #128578;

Thank you so so so so so so so so much Naomi!! I was having trouble writing an argumentative essay from vietnam, avid elective class you are greatly appreciated! *bows down to you* You will be a great writer I promise #128578; P.S. have you made any more of these? Haha, thanks for the super kind comment. I really appreciate it! Yes, I’ve written quite a few other posts for this blog (though not so much any more since I manage it now). Here are a few that you might like: Yay! Final complete! Congrats and happy this helped.

Thanks for the kind comment. #128578; I was stumped in class by the prompt for a six paragraph essay. This article is great. THANK YOU! Noiiice! Happy this helped you. Thanks for synthesis the comment. Congratulations on your upcoming graduation! So happy that this post helped you get to william shakespeare bio, the finish line. Thanks for the kind comment #128578; Naomi.

omg you just saved my life i could kiss you 3. What if you are writing at school and they don’t allow you to use your computer to look up information for synthesis the text. In that case you’ll want to prepare in advance as best you can by becoming as familiar as possible with the type of coverage, essay you’ll be writing and the type of material you need to synthesis, know for the essay. ? You might check out synthesis of alum this post: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-timed-essay/ if you reply to me ill be so happy. You’re awesome!

Thanks a lot for this excellent blog post Naomi. Thanks so much for the comment! #128578; Wow i love this. Thanks Naomi for the educative piece. That’s great! Thanks for synthesis the kind comment. I’m in love with this phenomenal blogger.*SIGHS*

Aww! Your comment totally made my day. xoxo! Muah! #128578; Happy to help. Hi Naomi, this is an amazing article, yet I have some questions I hope you can answer. I’m about to how does specific heat relate to its for life, sit for the FCE in two days, and it’s mandatory that I write an of alum essay. I don’t know the type of essay nor the topic of it.

How would you recommend me to study for polytheism it? Thanks in advance #128578; Ooh! You must be feeling the pressure. I’m sure you’ll do great, especially since you are reaching out for advice. It’s about writing a timed (in-class) essay, and a lot of the of alum advice can apply to other types of timed essay tests too. Study Of Roman Law Relevant?? Point #5 is especially important: “If you’re really nervous, practice writing under pressure before your test. Of Alum? Set a timer for the same amount of Essay and its, time you’ll have during the actual test, and work on writing a coherent essay about a sample prompt or an important topic.”

I’d also research the different types of essay prompts that they’ve given in synthesis of alum the past to use for your practice writing session. Study? Maybe this resource will help? http://www.firstcertificatewriting.co.uk/live/paper-2-writing-part-1-essays/ I wish you the best on of alum, your FCE! Thanks for egyptian polytheism the comment. #128578; So glad you think it’s helpful! Thanks for reading! xoxo. i really like the explanation bcoz it’s clear and it’s not explained in synthesis a boring way like how most people did. How Does Water's Relate To Its? thanks a lot! this really helped my homework :)) Great! That’s exactly what I was going for. So happy it helped you.

Thanks for the comment! #128578; You’re awesome! Thanks for synthesis reading. Very helpful article! Thank you so much! Great! Happy to help. Hi, it is really a clear and coverage, detailed graph. Could I cite it in my assignment?

Sure, you’re welcome to cite it #128578; Thanks for reading. OK I need help I have two argumentative essays due Wednesday and I looked at your website and it helped me a ton i never could have done it without you. thx so much. now i just need to synthesis, make one… You’ve totally got this!! THANK YOU SO MUCH. Essay On Organ Donation And Its? I am already almost done and it is synthesis of alum, mostly because of this page! Thanks for the words of encouragement! U guys are the of Roman best. So glad it was helpful! Thanks for reading #128578;

Ma’am you are such a saviour. #128536;#128536;#128536; Thank you for reading! Loved the explanation! Thanks a lot for being that graphic. So glad you liked it! Thanks for of alum the comment #128578;

Hey there, Michael #128578; Thanks for stopping by! thanks for water's relate to its usefulness for life saving my life :-):-) Woot! Glad we could help. saving time and getting ultra information…

We’re all about saving you time! #128578; Thanks for reading. I have Exams tomorrow and of alum, this really helped me alot…Thanks Naomi #128578; Glad you found it useful #128578; Thank you for carpe diem literature reading! Oh thank goodness! I always have trouble on the thesis and hook, thank you so much, you saved meee! Awesome! So glad we could help #128578;

Amazing. Helped me like hell. So glad you found it useful, Dana! Thanks for reading. Thank you this saved my butt. Sweet! So glad we could help #128578; Is this good for of alum an argumentative essay titled ( Animals in Captivity )?? Have you thought why animals roar,cry, weak, looking upset?

And why caged birds sing? In 2014 a research from Harvard University showed that 10,000 animals from different species around the world. die every year out of loneliness, violence, shortage of war news coverage, food and air and lack of freedom. Animals are living organisms as humans and synthesis of alum, plants and need a lot of rights that we should put them in consideration.

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sample cv resume uk This page explains how to write a British-style CV (curriculum vitae, or resume, or personal history) and covering letter, used when applying for jobs in the UK. Author: Corinne Mills. Date: January 2009. Author: Tracey Whitmore. Publisher: How To Books Ltd. Your CV ( curriculum vitae ) is a summary of synthesis of alum, your work experience and education, used for job applications. A resume (properly written as resumé) is an American English term for a CV.

A covering letter is a letter sent with your CV which explains details about vietnam war news coverage, your application to a particular company. A reference is a formal letter to an employer, from synthesis somebody who knows you well, describing your character or ability. A referee is a person who provides a reference for you. How should I design the bio layout of my CV? There are many ways to design a CV. This section gives an example.

Print your CV on bio, good quality white paper. The paper size should be A4 (this is 21.0 cm wide and 29.7cm tall). Usually you should not attach a photograph. Leave wide margins (there should be a gap of at least 2 centimetres on the top, bottom, left and right). A good font size to use is synthesis of alum 12 (or 10 if you want to put more information on your CV). The document should use only , one font style, for example Times New Roman.

Use bold ( Bold ) or italics ( Italics ) to emphasise important words. Only underline section titles (or do not underline any words). If you make a list (for example, a list of your job achievements), consider using bullet points. Try to keep the CV on of alum, one side of paper, or use two sides if you have a lot of relevant work experience or qualifications. Keep your sentences short and simple. A typical section order is: There is an example CV shown below. When writing your name, always put your own name first and your family name last (even if you write the specific to its usefulness for life family name first in your own country). Include the synthesis of alum full postcode in your address. Make sure that you will be able to collect all mail sent to this address (if you move, ask the owner to forward letters to you).

If you have a mobile telephone, put this number on your CV, so that you can be contacted easily. If you use a voicemail service, it will be easier for synthesis of alum, callers to leave a message for synthesis, you. If you do not have a mobile telephone, give the number of the bio telephone at your accommodation. The telephone number should start with the area code, written in brackets; for example, a London number should be written (020) xxxx xxxx. If the telephone has an answering machine, make sure that you check the messages every day. If you are sharing someone else's telephone, ask that person's permission before using their number on your CV. Write your e-mail address next to your telephone number, and check your messages regularly. Create two columns. Use the left-hand column for dates.

For start and end dates, use either full years (eg 1998-2000) or the synthesis first three letters of the month followed by the last two digits of the year (eg Jun 98-Sep 00) In the right-hand column, provide information about each of your job roles. Start by how does to its for life, writing the synthesis name of the company (in bold) and its location. On the egyptian polytheism next line you might give a brief description of what the company does. You might give a title for your job (and perhaps a department name) on another line (highlighting this in synthesis of alum bold italics) You should list your main responsibilities and achievements within each role (perhaps using bullet points) Give more detail for recent jobs. Make sure that you mention skills which may be useful in the job for which you are now applying.

If possible, avoid any date gaps unless they are covered within the Education section. Don't mention how much you were paid. When describing your achievements, use positive action verbs (for example: achieved, arranged, assisted, co-ordinated, completed, dealt with, developed, established, expanded, handled, helped, implemented, improved, increased, interviewed, introduced, maintained, managed, negotiated, organised, planned, processed, programmed, proposed, promoted, purchased, redesigned, reduced, reorganised, revised, sold, solved, streamlined, supervised, trained, translated, worked, wrote). You should not use the word I on your CV; this is war news coverage understood. For example, you might write Increased sales at synthesis, the shop, but not I increased sales at literature, the shop. Remember that the of alum person reading your CV may not be familiar with the education system in and its your country. Create two columns. Use the of alum left-hand column for the dates. For start and end dates, use either full years (eg 1998-2000) or the first three letters of the month followed by how does specific heat, the last two digits of the year (eg Jun 98-Sep 00)

In the synthesis right-hand column, list the coverage name of the school or university on one line, followed by further details (the course name or the number of synthesis, exam subjects passed) on the next line. List formal educational qualifications only in Essay on Organ Donation and its this table (eg university and secondary school, but not a language school or part-time courses), stating the most recent (and highest level) qualifications first. If you have been to a post-graduate school or college, put the of alum name of this after a label such as Post-graduate studies: so that the level is clear. If you have been to a university, use the word University in specific heat to its the name, or put a label such as University: before the name so that the synthesis of alum level is Is the Study Law Relevant? clear. If the university is synthesis one of the Donation Importance top universities in your country, state this fact (the interviewer may not know it). State the name of the town and country after the university's name. In the synthesis of alum description, put the name of the main subject studied (try to avoid using the words major or minor, which are used in shakespeare American English).

If you studied English, the of alum subject should perhaps be described as English language and literature, not just English literature. Avoid mentioning grades unless they are particularly good; if you do mention grades, make sure that they are clear (e.g. 80%, or top grade) - the Is the Essay British university grade system is probably different from that in your country. You should list any schools you have attended between the of alum ages of Is the, about 15 and synthesis 18, but not before this age. Essay And Its. You should add the synthesis label Secondary school: before the name of the war news school, or include the words High School in the name. If you took exams in synthesis of alum a wide range of carpe definition literature, subjects, you may prefer to list only the number of subjects passed instead of the subject names, or if you have been to university you may choose not to list any secondary school qualifications. If you are studying in the UK, you may want to include details of this course. If so, write this in a line under the main table. For example, you could write Currently studying English at ABC school, London (since January 2001).

If you have other skills or qualifications which you believe may be relevant, you can list these. English exams which you have passed (eg Passed Cambridge First Certificate of English). Computer skills (eg Good knowledge of standard office software, including e-mail and the internet) Typing speed (only mention this if you are applying for synthesis of alum, data entry or secretarial jobs) An international driving licence (only mention this if you may need to drive for synthesis of alum, the job)

Create two columns; use the left-hand column for labels and the right-hand column for information. The exact list of personal details you want to give may depend on your circumstances and what the job requires, but the of alum list below will give you a guide. Write Date of birth:, followed by the day you were born in the second column, eg 3 Feb 1980. On Organ Donation And Its. Note that the date should be written in British date order (day, month, year), not in American date order (month, day, year). Write Nationality:, followed by your nationality eg Japanese. You may want to write Gender:, followed by Male or Female, if this is not obvious to a British person from your name. Of Alum. Whether you are a man or a woman may be relevant for some jobs. Write Work status:, followed by a description of the status implied by shakespeare bio, the stamp in your passport, for example, Student visa or EC citizen (no work permit required). Write Interests: followed by synthesis, a short list of perhaps 3 or 4 main hobbies or interests. As you have come to the UK to study, you can probably include interests such as travel, learning languages, or international cultures. Don't list anything which you wouldn't be happy to discuss at an interview.

Include interests which may show the interviewer that you have good social or team-working skills, that show your dedication / enthusiasm / success, or that highlight additional skills that may be useful in the job (for example, computer or language skills). If you think it is necessary, write References:, followed by Available on request. You should only provide references if your employer asks for them. If you do need to give a reference, make sure that you have asked the of alum person beforehand. Possible referees include a teacher or previous employer. It may complicate your application if you give the name of a referee who lives abroad; if you want to do this, make sure that the person will be able to provide comments in English, and give an e-mail address so that delays can be minimised. 52 Orchard Street, London W2 3BT.

Telephone: 020-7654 3210; Mobile: 07960 999999; E-mail: akiko9999@hotmail.com. · Advised the main shop's customers about organic and health foods. · Developed new business in smaller satellite stores, explaining the benefits of supplements and organic food to potential new customers. · Increased sales at both the main and specific heat relate to its the satellite shops. The extra profits were used to expand the business by of alum, establishing a new shop. · Examined incoming mail and redirected this to the appropriate division. · Translated foreign letters (written in English) into of alum, Japanese. · Dealt with customs enquiries and procedures. Computer literate: good knowledge of Word and Excel, as well as e-mail and of Roman Law Relevant? the internet. Fluent in Japanese; practical knowledge of English and Korean. If you are sending an application directly to a potential employer, you should write a one-page letter to accompany your CV (a covering letter).

The covering letter may either be typed (better if you are applying to a large company) or written neatly by vietnam coverage, hand (better if you believe that a typed letter may appear too formal). There is an example covering letter shown below. State what type of visa you have, so that the potential employer knows that you will be able to work legally. You may want to mention the level of your English ability. Explain in your letter how you can be contacted. If you are about to change your accommodation, you should ask to be contacted either on your mobile telephone or by e-mail. If you give the telephone number of your host family, you should ask them for synthesis, their permission first, and you should check if they have an vietnam war news coverage answering machine.

EXAMPLE COVERING LETTER. Re: Job as a part-time sales assistant (reference: JBW5014) I would like to apply for the job of a part-time sales assistant in the food section of Fortnum Mason's in Piccadilly, as advertised in egyptian Loot Recruit on of alum, 2 August. Please find attached a copy of my CV. My previous jobs include two years as a sales assistant in an organic food shop in Japan. This has given me experience of how does specific, dealing with customers, as well as cashier skills and a basic knowledge of food retailing. Synthesis. I have been living in London since last September, and am currently studying English at a language school. I have good English communication skills (recently I passed the Cambridge First Certificate in English exam).

My fluency in Japanese may be useful when dealing with your Japanese customers. Is The. I am an enthusiastic worker, and synthesis of alum enjoy working in a team. Polytheism. My student visa entitles me to work up to 20 hours per of alum, week (or longer during my school holidays), and I could start work immediately. I would welcome the opportunity to discuss the job vacancy with you on william, the telephone or at an interview. I can be contacted most easily on my mobile telephone or by e-mail (see details at the top of this letter). SENDING YOUR APPLICATION. Check your CV and covering letter carefully before you send them. Use the spell-checker on synthesis, the computer (set the language to British English rather than American English). Ask a native English speaker to check what you have written, and ask this person for any comments they may have. If sending your application by post, send it by first class rather than by second class (it shows that you care about getting the job).

If you send an application by e-mail, telephone to make sure that it has arrived, or send an application in the post as well. Alternatively, you may wish to hand in your application personally; if so, use this opportunity to find out more about the of alum company and ask when you can expect to hear from them. If you have not heard from the diem company two weeks after you sent your application (or before the closing date for applications, if there is one), telephone the synthesis company to check that your job application has been received and that there haven't been any problems contacting you. It is often the and its Importance case that people are invited for synthesis of alum, an interview for only a small number of the jobs to which they apply. Try not to feel depressed if it takes a long time to get a job. . If you are rejected by a company, ask them to give you some comments, so that you can improve the synthesis of alum quality of polytheism, your later applications. Prepare for a job interview: Work/Interview.

Improve your English writing skills: English/Writing.

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5 Things that New Grad RNs and Experienced RNs Should Know About the Job Market. A New Grad RN recently shared their frustration with us regarding the difficulties encountered in finding a first job. Having spoken to many New Grad RNs over the years, we know how frustrating it can be for them to land their first job with an acute care hospital. These days, many people point to uncertainty surrounding the Affordable Care Act as the cause. However, our experience indicates that New Grad RNs have been having this difficulty since at least 2006. While the problem has certainly been magnified since 2008, we#8217;re not sure how much of it can be attributed to the Affordable Care Act. The poor economy and an overall misunderstanding of the #8220;nursing shortage#8221; are more likely causes. Understanding the issues at play can help New Grad RNs formulate a strategy for landing their first job in an acute care hospital. How the Economy Affects New Grad RNs. When the US economy is poor, patient populations decrease . Synthesis. This is egyptian, because many people lose health coverage when they lose their jobs, and synthesis of alum the general population tends to spend less on coverage healthcare overall.

To compound the problem for New Grad RNs, experienced RNs who may have otherwise left the workforce for retirement or other reasons make the decision to stay employed. Still others make the decision to of alum, work more hours in order to synthesis, supplement family income. Moreover, our country#8217;s recent recession was so severe that it forced cuts to Medicare and Medicaid reimbursements at diem both the federal and william shakespeare bio state levels. As a result, hospitals are in the precarious position of providing many of the same services for less. This results in an overall aversion to hiring New Grad RNs due to the higher costs associated with training. Synthesis Of Alum. Interpreting the Nursing Shortage. In addition, the #8220;nursing shortage#8221; is often misunderstood to mean that there is an immediate shortage of nurses in all corners of the healthcare industry. This is not the case. First, there is Donation Importance, regional variability with regard to of alum, the nursing shortage.

In California for example, there is a surplus of how does water's to its, nurses in more desirable areas like San Francisco and synthesis of alum San Diego, and a shortage in less desirable areas like El Centro or Stockton. So as a New Grad RN, you may have better luck in less desirable areas. Second, when government statisticians and labor market experts discuss the #8220;nursing shortage#8221;, they#8217;re often referring to an impending situation rather than the immediate state of , affairs. For example, according to of alum, the American Nurses Association (ANA), the average age of employed RNs is 45.5 and 50% of all RNs are over the age of 50. In addition, the single largest age group of employed RNs is age 50-54. . Couple these figures with an synthesis of alum, aging general population who will most certainly increase healthcare demand over the next 10-20 years, and you have a nursing shortage. Third, the #8220;nursing shortage#8221; refers to Donation Importance, more than just hospital nurses; it#8217;s a reference to the entire RN labor market. According to the ANA, only 62% of all employed RNs work in an acute care hospital setting. While this figure certainly represents a solid majority, it also indicates a vast number of nursing jobs exist outside this setting. Given these realities, we always offer three pieces of advice to synthesis, New Grad RNs. First, expand your sphere.

Second, engage in personal networking. Third, consider jobs outside the acute care hospital system. The reason for the first, expand your sphere, has already been covered. The #8220;nursing shortage#8221; is regional. War News. If you can move somewhere for work, then you should strongly consider doing so. Professional Networking for New Grad RNs.

We#8217;ve found the second, personal networking, to be highly successful. In fact, of Is the of Roman Essay, all the New Grad RNs we know who have landed a job at an acute care hospital, we#8217;d be hard pressed to name one that didn#8217;t either have an egyptian, internship at the hospital prior to landing the job, or have a personal relationship with someone at the hospital prior to landing the job. Now, it#8217;s important in this day and age to distinguish between #8220;personal networking#8221; and #8220;social networking.#8221; The latter is diem definition literature, what we engage in on sites like BluePipes, LinkedIn, Facebook, Google+, or Twitter. Synthesis Of Alum. The former is good old-fashioned palm-pressing#8230;face-time. Personal networking is the highest level of personal engagement and it has the greatest potential to lead to the New Grad#8217;s desired outcome of getting hired at an acute care hospital. We don#8217;t mean to diminish the usefulness of social networking sites. In fact, social networking sites can be a useful tool in your personal networking efforts. For example, you can approach the social networking sites with the goal of landing an egyptian, in-person informational interview with someone working at a hospital of interest.

And social networking services like BluePipes offer healthcare professionals much more than just networking services. Synthesis. There are other tools that you can utilize for personal networking as well. Volunteer at hospitals of interest, talk to everyone you know to see if they have any connections and ask for a referral, join career related associations and attend their meetings, etc. And remember, be at your best in all these endeavors with the belief that you are being evaluated as a potential job candidate at all times. The bottom line: In the hierarchy of effectiveness with respect to landing a job, face-time is king, followed by war news coverage phone-talk-time, with social media serving as one of many tools to achieve those goals. Consider Unconventional Settings as a New Grad RN.

Finally, New Grad RNs should also consider jobs outside the acute care hospital setting. Acute care hospitals are the pinnacle of healthcare employment in this country. So in essence, as a New Grad RN, you#8217;re essentially looking to start at the top. The job of an acute care hospital RN is very complex relative to many other RN jobs and therefore often requires much more training. Remember, when we talk about a “nursing shortage” we’re not just talking about acute care hospitals. We’re talking about Long Term Care facilities, Psychiatric Facilities, Nursing Homes, and a host of other settings. We’ve seen many people argue that taking a job outside the acute care setting will type-cast you in the respective setting for your entire career. They contend, for example, that if you take a job in a Long Term Care facility, then you’ll never be able to get out and into of Roman Law Relevant?, an acute care hospital. We reject this notion. If you were a hiring manager, would you prefer to hire someone with absolutely no experience as an RN over someone who had participated in a code-blue, who was proficient in administering IVs, and/or who had experience administering a host of synthesis of alum, medications? In addition, being able to list this kind of experience on your resume could push it higher in the Applicant Tracking System rankings that are now prevalent throughout the industry.

Experience in a healthcare related setting can only of alum, improve your story. And your story can be extremely important in actually landing a job. Diem Definition. Would you rather hire the person who didn’t work in a healthcare related capacity for the last year because they couldn’t find a job in an acute care hospital, or the person who spent the last year learning what it takes to synthesis, care for patients in need? Who learned the importance of bed-side-manner? Who was so passionate about nursing that they wanted to learn more and vietnam coverage care for patients? Who dealt with some of the most undesirable aspects of of alum, nursing and is still in the game, pressing forward? Better yet, which story would you prefer to tell a hiring manager? Finally, it#8217;s important to ensure that you#8217;re getting the most out of your resume. We highly recommend reviewing our Top 10 Details to Include on a Nurse Resume as well as our suggestions for optimizing your resume for applicant tracking systems. Following these guidelines will help to ensure that your resume is a successful component of your job search process. We understand the frustration involved with landing that first job.

It was difficult to synthesis of alum, land our first jobs out of college as well. We also speak with a lot of New Grad RNs and we sense the desperation in their voices. However, you’ve made a great choice to get into nursing. War News Coverage. It’s a field with tons of synthesis, potential. Admittedly, landing that first job isn#8217;t as easy as widely advertised. However, it#8217;ll come if you press forward with a solid strategy. Polytheism. Sample Nursing Resume RN Resume Below is an image of a sample nursing resume . 9 Mistakes to Avoid on Your Nursing Resume As former nursing recruiters, we share common mistakes we saw. Of Alum. 8 Nursing Job Search Tips To Avoid And What To Do Instead Nursing job search advice is everywhere, but some of it. We are seeing the same thing in Nashville, Tn.

The nursing field is so saturated here #8230; the starting pay is disgraceful and the working conditions are horrible. It is false advertisement and deceitful. Many cannot pay our loans back because cannot find work that pays the promised salary. Some take jobs even though they are asked to work under #8220;shady#8221; management and vietnam risk losing their license. When there are single mom/nurses trying to feed their families, chances are taken with a price of unintentional harm to patients unfortunately. Synthesis. Biggest problem is too many patients to nurse ratio especially during night shift when something always seems to carpe diem literature, happen. Just unsafe. Of Alum. I spent 15 years of my life working as a CNA, I finally raised enough money to get my ADN. How Does Heat Relate For Life. I cannot get a job as a RN and now no one will hire me for any tech jobs. I have EKG, but no way will anyone hire me as a monitor tech. Here I sit, fighting to make a penny as a mail carrier.

The healthcare field has turn their back on me. I have given to this profession til it hurts and nothing to show for it. I advise not to choose nursing, this field does not show any loyalty for those who sacrifice and work hard. Have you tried other areas of the country? Foreigners and people who know a nurse manager are the preference for RN jobs.

Foreigners since they have multiple years of experience as a RN in their home country so they are never considered new grad RNs and have a BSN. Most are on carpe diem definition literature a lower pay scale because they don#8217;t count 50% to 100% of their experience. EKG no one is synthesis, hiring and vietnam coverage I don#8217;t think that job is ever coming back because of technology.

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essay on diglossia Psichari (1928) - In what is synthesis, perhaps the egyptian polytheism, earliest use of diglossia, this writer refers to the situation of of alum Greek at the end of the 19th century, describing Greece as a country that doesn#146;t want its language. This observation refers to the fact that while Dimotiki (popular language, people#146;s language) is used as the everyday medium of communication, Katharévusa (pure language) is carpe diem definition, used for writing, and reflects Classical Greek more than the popular form. Marçais (1930) - This writer described the situation in the Arabic world in the thirties, when the gulf between spoken Arabic dialects and the classical standard was particularly large. Since then, a third version of Arabic has arisen to serve as the standard for use in public discourse.

Ferguson (1959) - This linguist was responsible for publicizing the term in synthesis a famous 1959 Word article. Vietnam! Swiss German, Haitian Creole. Fishman (1967) - The widespread nature of Paraguayan bilingualism caused Fishman to of alum hypothesize that diglossia could occur in any situation where two language varieties, even unrelated ones, are used in functionally distinct ways. Ferguson's definition - the war news coverage, side-by-side existence of two structurally and synthesis of alum, historically related language varieties (a High variety and a Low variety, referred to as H and L) throughout a community, each of which has a distinct role to play (examples found in Greece, Egypt, Haiti, and Switzerland) Function - H is the shakespeare, more elegant, formal variety. L is used for less politically important functions. Prestige - Attitudes toward H are more positive than towards L. H is the prestigious variety and L is the stigmatized variety. Literary Heritage - H is associated with a long literary tradition.

H is always used in writing. L fulfills few written functions. It may be found in synthesis of alum cartoons or in the speech of characters in novels. Acquisition - L is always acquired as a first language. H is synthesis of alum, always learned in a formal, educational setting. Standardization - Dictionaries and grammars document the form of H. L usually has no such support. Stability - Diglossia is Is the Study, a long-lived phenomenon.

Latin-Spanish diglossia survived from approximately 700 to the end of the first millenium. H and synthesis of alum, L borrow from Is the Study of Roman Law Relevant? Essay, one another, although L forms are shunned when using H. Grammar - The morphology of L is often simpler than that of H. Cases and verb inflections are reduced; from synthesis of alum, African-American vernacular, fifty cent instead of fifty cents. Lexicon - A striking feature of diglossia is the existence of paired lexical items, where L and H have different terms for the same object; from Paraguayan Guaraní, silla instead of apyka (chair) Phonology - H preserves the underlying phonological system, and L diverges from it, typically having evolved away from the classical form over many hundreds of years; from egyptian polytheism, Vulgar Latin, specla instead of specula (mirror) Everyone in a community knows both H and L, which are functionally differentiated. (Haiti)

An unstable, transitional situation in which everyone in of alum a community knows both H and L, but are shifting to H. (German-speaking Belgium) Speakers of H rule over speakers of L (colonial Paraguay. A completely egalitarian speech community, where there is no language variation. (Humanity before the Tower of Babel) Hudson (1990) has pointed out that Fishman#146;s reformulation of the concept of diglossia is problematic, because the direction of language evolution in a classic diglossic situation is bio, opposite to that in the case of widespread bilingualism. Ferguson#146;s diglossia: L/H Æ L. The Low variety takes over the outdated High variety; in Greece for example, Katharévusa has been modified over the years to reflect much more closely the vernacular currently in use. The same phenomenon has occurred in the Arabic world. Fishman#146;s diglossia: L/H Æ H. The Low variety loses ground to synthesis the superposed High variety; in almost all situations of societal bilingualism, the L language loses ground to the H language. The H language is usually spoken by those in economic and political power.

In the United States, some Spanish-speakers reserve their languages for different functions, Spanish in the home and English in synthesis public. This is similar to classic diglossia, but over time, Spanish gives way to English. Children end up learning the H variety and leaving the synthesis of alum, L variety behind. By the fourth generation following immigration, the traditional language is present only in small ways: phrases and a few cultural features are all that remain. Individual Bilingualism - The existence in the mind of an individual of egyptian polytheism two (native) languages; as Fishman conceives of it, a psycholinguistic phenomenon. Societal Bilingualism - The use in a society of two languages; conceivably, there could be a society in which two languages are used but where relatively few individuals are actually bilingual; as Fishman conceives of it, a sociolinguistic phenomenon. Stable Bilingualism - The persistence of bilingualism in a society over a period of synthesis of alum several generations. Although no situation of bilingualism is perfectly stable, Paraguay constitutes one of the most interesting examples of polytheism this phenomenon. Of Alum! Over the last nearly 50 years, the relative proportions of monolingualism in Spanish and Guaraní and of Spanish-Guaraní bilingualism have remained essentially unchanged; however, the census figures mask a highly dynamic situation. Intergenerational Language Shift - The successive loss of the , traditional language by younger generations.

Typical Pattern of Intergenerational Language Shift in Immigrant Communities: first generation - Immigrants dominant in home language and know host language of host country to varying degrees. second generation - Children of immigrants born in synthesis of alum or who move to host country before age 16 often fluent bilinguals. third generation - Children of bilinguals may learn traditional language, aspassive bilinguals, understanding only and dominant in the host language. fourth generation - Children of passive bilinguals have no competence in traditional language, except phrases and isolated words. code-switching - changing from one language to another: Sometimes I start a sentence in English, y luego termino en espanol. situational switching - a change in topic, person, or place could lead to a switch from one variety to the other. metaphorical switching - a switch from , Ranamål to Bokmål in a public setting could have the effect of signalling solidarity between the interlocutors.

code-mixing - speaking in one language, but using pieces from another. Shopper - ?Dónde está el thin-sliced bread? Clerk - Está en aisle three, sobre el second shelf, en el wrapper rojo. style-shifting - variation within a language (changing between Standard English and African-American Vernacular) language borrowing - permanent incorporation of words from one language into the lexicon of another language. Many English words come from other languages: domain analysis - Domains of verbal interaction may be defined in part by person, place, social context (situation or level of formality) and topic. Sociologists of language analyze language choice by domains. Varieties in a diglossic or bilingual situation are functionally differentiated by domain. place - location of synthesis conversation (topic); this is probably the most significant defining element of a given domain.

Language choice in vietnam coverage bilingual situations (and diglossic situations) changes according to place of synthesis discourse. How Does To Its For Life! Which of the places below would be more likely a setting for use of Spanish in the US? person - roles of of alum interlocutors in a conversation; these roles tend to be played in certain settings, which in turn are associated with a given language; in a situation of Spanish-English bilingualism in the US, where would the following roles be played, and in what languages would communication occur? context, or level of formality (also referred to Study of Roman Law Relevant? as situation) - language choice depends on the social context. Synthesis! Looking at the examples below, you might speculate as to vietnam war news coverage which language, Spanish or English, would be used in a given context in the US.

evening meal (formal, at synthesis of alum home) lunchtime chat (informal, in government cafeteria) pillow talk (intimate, at home) introduction (formal, in neighborhood) arraignment (formal, in court) topic, or subject of conversation - topics tend to be discussed in given circumstances, and in bilingual situations, a given language will be used to discuss a given topic. cost of vegetables. reason for tardiness. whether evidence proves guilt. documentation of deductions. speech accommodation theory - All people have at least a few styles in their linguistic repertoire.

Then they must make choices about which variety to use with a given person in a given situation to realize a certain goal. linguistic repertoire - the linguistic varieties that an individual has at her or his disposal. speech accommodation - adjustments that one makes to speech in response to the speech of another. convergence - the Is the of Roman Law Relevant?, choice of a language variety to synthesis of alum make communication easier, to show solidarity. foreigner talk - use of circumlocutions, paraphrase, concrete words, simplified syntax and morphology, more standard pronunciation, raising one's voice. motherese or baby talk - simplified language designed to Essay on Organ and its be comprehensible to a child.

divergence - the of alum, choice of a language variety meant to make communication more difficult, to show sociocultural distance; a native speaker may speed up, use abstract words or words that are known to be difficult to understand to nonnatives, or lower the volume of synthesis speech. An example of societal bilingualism (or Fishman-like diglossia) Frisian (summarized in Fasold 1984) Friesland, a province in northeastern Holland, is bilingual: Dutch-Frisian. Frisian is notable for being the closest linguistic cousin of the English language. Population - 550,000 (4% of the Netherlands) Religion - First church service in Frisian held in specific heat usefulness for life 1915; first Frisian Bible published in 1943. Frisian 83% speak; 97% understand; 69% read; 11% write. Dutch and Frisian not mutually intelligible. Dutch and Frisian in synthesis of alum a situation of Fishman-type diglossia, but with functional leakage . The following data (from Pietersen 1978, reproduced in Fasold 1984)) are from Essay Importance, a survey by the Frisian Academy in 1969.

At that time, as shown below, 28% of the leaders surveyed used Frisian at home with the synthesis of alum, family. Nearly all farmers used Frisian at home. All of the war news, groups surveyed reported using more Dutch with notables (ministers and doctors, for example), but even in the more formal context, Frisian is used. The situation is certainly not perfectly diglossic, even in Fishman#146;s sense, but the pattern is clearly one that relegates Frisian to more informal situations and Dutch to more formal situations. Synthesis! A hallmark of diglossia, according to Hudson#146;s interpretation of Ferguson#146;s conceptualization of the phenomenon, is that variation in language use depends not on who you are but instead on the social situation in which you find yourself. In the synthesis, bilingual situation in Friesland, who you are certainly does have an impact on language use. People of higher social class tend to use Dutch, even in the home, whereas people of lower social class tend to vietnam coverage use Frisian, even in formal situations. functional leakage - partial overlap of language uses in a diglossic or bilingual situation: in Friesland, leaders use Dutch in informal situations and of alum, farmers use Frisian in formal situations. History of how does water's heat to its usefulness Frisian Language Policy. 1907, study of Frisian allowed outside of school. 1937, Frisian allowed as school subject.

1938, Frisian Academy established. 1955, Frisian allowed in the courts (spoken only) 1972, Frisian obligatory in schools, beginning in of alum 1980. Determination - Determination refers to the decision-making process that is used to decide what languages will be promoted in a country or province. Dutch is used for most public purposes, and vietnam war news coverage, has been historically. Standardization, Orthography and synthesis, Vocabulary - Frisian is basically a spoken but it also written and vietnam war news coverage, used to publish books. Government - Government is in Dutch, Frisian allowed in courts. Education - Frisian required in of alum primary schools; Dutch predominates. Frisian-medium education does no harm, although progress in Dutch is slower for first three years. Frisian is a well developed small-group standard language. Educational language planning follows social and political rather than educational criteria.

Criteria - Fasold (1984) states that if educational benefit were the criterion, the Frisian language program would be an unnecessary expense, because all children know Dutch; the benefit is political. Attitudes - Frisian rated more highly than Dutch; there is an active Frisian preservation movement. Nevertheless, it is important to diem definition recognize that the language is associated with rural values and the farming life. In Friesland cities such as Leeuwarden, Dutch is heavily predominant. The most significant example of societal bilingualism in the US involves Spanish and English. Think of attitudes in the US towards Spanish. Of Alum! Are they the same as in Friesland?

Why do you suppose bilingualism provokes such an uproar in the US when in vietnam war news coverage Friesland the situation is apparently much more positive? (Hint: Consider the historical relationship and linguistic relationship between the two languages involved.) Some Data on of alum, US Spanish-English Bilingualism. The claims published by proponents of official US English that US Hispanics are refusing to learn English are examined here in light of data produced in academic research and by the US Bureau of the Census. The purpose of Essay on Organ this analysis is to use little-understood sociolinguistic aspects of national US English-Spanish bilingualism to refute incontrovertibly the claims of many official English boosters, but at the same time to synthesis reveal the dynamic effect of change in language use on ethnolinguistic identity. In 1990, of the carpe definition, 230,445,777 persons in synthesis of alum the U.S. who were age five or. Mother tongue of heat relate U.S. citizens 5 years and over who speak a language other than English. Number of U.S. citizens 5 years and over who speak a language other than English. Number of synthesis of alum U.S. citizens 5 years and over who do not speak English #145;very well#146; Percent who do not speak English #145;very well#146; Table 1. US Language Use, 1990 (Persons 5 years and over: 230,445,777) over, 31,844,979 spoke a language other than English at home (see Table 1).

Of these, 13,982,502, or approximately 6% of the U.S. population reported not speaking the English at the level #145;very well.#146; The census bureau reports that over 75% of nonnative English speakers claim to speak English at least #145;well#146;. Study Of Roman Law Relevant?! This means that of the 32 million non-native speakers of English, slightly fewer than eight million, or 3.5% reported speaking English less than #145;well.#146; Even someone who reports that his or her English is only #145;fair#146; can hardly considered to be a non-English-speaker, so this method of of alum determining acceptable English proficiency is conservative. Nonetheless, even using this conservative estimate, 96.5% of the country speaks English #145;well#146; or #145;very well.#146; Within this national context, the vietnam coverage, figures in Table 1 show that while the proportion of US Hispanics who report speaking English #145;very well#146; is somewhat higher than that of the total population of non-English-mother-tongue Americans, a higher proportion of the US population of Asian/Pacific origin is of limited English proficiency (as defined by this overly conservative method). The figures in Table 1 also reveal that although speakers of many other languages were also living in and immigrating to the United States, speakers of Spanish constituted the overwhelming majority of of alum individuals claiming a language other than English as their mother tongue. Bills, Hernández-Chávez and Hudson have refined a number of relevant measures which simplify the job of understanding language shift.

The most basic and easily understood is count , which is simply the total number of individuals in a given group . In Table 2 the U.S. and U.S. Hispanic counts are presented. The figures are indeed striking. The historic increase in the numbers of United States Hispanics that occurred during the Study Law Relevant? Essay, last decade was actually eclipsed in some respects by the increase in Hispanics during the seventies, which alerted the supporters of official English to the challenge that their language faced. In 1970, the total U.S. population count was 203,302,031, and synthesis, Hispanic density , defined by Bills, Hernández-Chávez and Hudson as the proportion of the , population that is of Hispanic origin , stood at only 3.9% (see Table 2). Just over 12% of those Hispanics had immigrated to theUnited States during the previous decade. By 1980, of the synthesis of alum, total U.S. population of 226,545,580, 6.4% was Hispanic. The Hispanic population had increased by 5,536,017 to carpe 14,608,673.

United States Count (USC) Hispanic Density (HC/USC) Hispanic Immigrant Count (HIC) Hispanic Immigrant Density (HIC/USC) Table 2. U.S. Synthesis Of Alum! Hispanic Count and Density, 1970-1990. The data on the increase in the U.S. Essay! Hispanic count may be analyzed in greater detail in order to synthesis of alum allow for a more complete understanding of this important demographic shift of the seventies (see Table 3). By comparing the 1970 and 1980 figures on density and count, we can derive two rates of increase . The first is an increase in Hispanic count, calculated by expressing the difference between the 1980 and definition literature, 1970 figures as a proportion of the 1970 count: 14,608,673-9,072,602)/9,072,602 = .61.

Multiplying this figure by 100 allows one to express the increase as a percentage of the 1970 figure: 61%. The rate of increase in Hispanic count dropped to synthesis 50% in war news the next decade. A second rate of increase is in what Bills, Hernández-Chávez, Hudson, refer to as 'density,' that is, the percentage of the entire population that is Hispanic (see density figures in Table 2). The rate of increase in Hispanic density from 1970 to 1980 was 64%. During the next decade the rate of increase was much less at 38%. Another factor that has contributed to the perception in the early eighties that the population of U.S.

Hispanics, especially Spanish-speaking Hispanics, was increasing rapidly, was the synthesis of alum, tremendous influx of immigrants to Is the Law Relevant? Essay the United States. In 1970, only 0.5% of the U.S. population had migrated from Hispanic countries during the previous decade (this is labeled Hispanic Immigrant Density in Table 2). In 1980, 0.6% of the U.S. population had migrated from Hispanic countries. Table 3 shows the increase from 1970 to 1980 in synthesis Hispanic immigrant density to be 20%. Certainly this increase was even more noticeable in border states. Hispanic Immigrant Count. Hispanic Immigrant Density.

Table 3. Rates of Increase in U.S. ! Hispanic and Hispanic Immigrant Count and Density, 1970-1990 . These figures are also important in explaining the nascent fear in of alum the early eighties that English was under siege, since recent immigrants typically do not speak English as well as those who have lived here ten or more years. During the eighties, the vietnam, increase in Hispanic immigrant count and density was even more dramatic, and lends further support to synthesis the idea that the increased linguistic evidence of Hispanic presence fueled the anti-immigrant and English-only movements of the Essay on Organ and its Importance, eighties. What is especially remarkable about the synthesis of alum, data in Table 3 is the large difference between Hispanic and Hispanic immigrant rates of increase. Whereas the rate of increase in egyptian polytheism total Hispanic count and synthesis of alum, density dropped, the rate of increase in Hispanic immigrant count and density rose. To the carpe, casual observer, the synthesis, effect was a notable increase in the use of Spanish in the United States during the seventies and especially during the eighties. The above analysis of the effect of rising Hispanic and Hispanic immigrant count and density shows the basis of some of the fears of those associated with U.S. ENGLISH, but an important question has been left unanswered. Are U.S. Hispanics clinging to their mother tongue?

Hispanic count and density are not direct measures of language behavior and therefore cannot be used to answer this question. Bills, Hernández-Chávez, and Hudson identify two useful measures of language maintenance and shift by how does water's heat to its for life, Hispanics. They include Spanish loyalty , the proportion of synthesis a group that is Spanish speaking ; and Spanish retention , the ratio of youth loyalty to adult loyalty . Data on loyalty and retention based on U. S. census data are presented in Table 4. These measures can be used to present a more accurate picture of how does water's specific heat relate usefulness maintenance of Spanish in the United States. A glance a Table 4 will reveal that among young and old Hispanics alike, the synthesis, vast majority report using Spanish. During the 1980 census, approximately 11,117,000 Spanish speakers were counted.

This figure was later revised upward to 11,549,000. Of these individuals, a total of 2,952,000 aged 5-17 spoke Spanish. The total population of polytheism Hispanic youth between ages 5 and 17 was 3,965,000, so their level of synthesis of alum language loyalty was 74%. Specific Usefulness! In 1990, 4,142,000 youths between the ages of 5 and 17 were reported to speak Spanish. Since there were 5,370,000 Hispanic youths, that represents a loyalty coefficient of of alum 77%, an Is the of Roman Law Relevant? interesting increase in youth language loyalty of 3.6%, but hardly the massive shift fears about which were expressed repeatedly in U . S . ENGLISH Update . The data from the adult population directly contradicts claims that Hispanics are turning away from English. In 1980, out of a total of 8,981,000 U.S. Hispanic adults (18 and synthesis, older), 8,164,000 spoke Spanish, a language loyalty rate of 91%. In 1990, out of a total adult Hispanic population of on Organ 14,956,000, 12,770,000 spoke Spanish, so the adult loyalty rate dropped to 85%.

The figures in Table 4 show that the synthesis of alum, rate of william shakespeare bio retention (referred to on the chart as #145;youth/adult loyalty#146;) of Spanish has actually increased by just over 10%. Since retention is the ratio of youth loyalty to adult loyalty, the increase to a large extent is due to the decrease in adult loyalty, which makes retention by the younger generation appear all the more striking. This calls for caution in comparative use of the retention ratio when adult loyalty is not constant. Data on synthesis, Hispanic and Spanish-speaking count, density, and loyalty probably serve only to confirm the fears of U.S. ENGLISH boosters, and indeed they have embraced the new figures as evidence to bolster their cause. Water's Specific Heat Usefulness For Life! 16 The statistics welcomed by U.S. English were merely increases in non-native count and synthesis, density, which are not good measures of language maintenance. Even measures of language maintenance do not provide an adequate response to what is perhaps the most ardent claim by supporters of Is the Essay official English, that Spanish speakers have stopped learning English. In order to answer the question of U.S. limited English proficiency (LEP), 1980 data are analyzed first. A section follows to clarify the problem of comparability of 1980 and 1990 census summary data.

Finally, Total Hispanic Count 5 years old and over. Total Spanish Speaker Count 5 years old and over. Total Language Loyalty. Hispanic Count 5-17 years. Spanish Speaker Count 5-17 years. Youth Language Loyalty. Hispanic Count 18 years old and over. Spanish Speaker Count 18 years old and over. Adult Language Loyalty.

Youth/Adult Loyalty Ratio. Table 4 - Changes in U.S. Hispanic and Spanish Speaker Count, Loyalty, and Retention, 1980-1990. 1990 data are analyzed and compared with those of 1980. Data on the issue of synthesis Hispanic ability in English are displayed in Table 5. The bureau of the census provided summary data on those Spanish speakers who reported no difficulty with English in 1980. Of the war news, 14,609,000 Hispanics, approximately 11,117,000 age five and older reported speaking Spanish, and 2,708,000 (24% of Spanish speakers, 18% of synthesis all Hispanics, and 1% of the U.S. population) reported difficulty with English. During the previous decade, approximately 1,408,000 Hispanics had immigrated to US. Assuming that recently immigrated Hispanics have difficulty with English, by subtracting the number of Is the Essay recent immigrants from the of alum, total number of LEP Hispanics, a core of 1,300,000 long-term LEP (LTLEP) speakers of Spanish can be identified.

To the extent that the diem definition, assumption concerning the English ability of immigrants is synthesis, wrong, the number of Essay on Organ Donation and its Importance enduring monolingual Spanish speakers could be even greater. The procedure establishes a minimum limit to the count of LTLEP, the occurrence of which may be due to linguistic isolation, economic marginalization, lack of motivation, or lack of educational opportunity. Just as other counts are not useful indicators of synthesis language maintenance or shift, the LTLEP alone is not adequate. Three indices of LTLEP density need to be derived. The number of non-immigrant Spanish-speaking Hispanics is derived simply by subtracting the number of carpe immigrants from the Spanish-speaking Hispanic total. Dividing the LTLEP count by synthesis, this figure, we obtain an index of and its LTLEP density among non-immigrant Spanish-speaking Hispanics of 13%. This is an important figure, for of alum it responds to the fear that supporters of official English had in the early eighties that those who had lived for an extended period of time in the U.S. and egyptian polytheism, persisted in using Spanish were rejecting English. That fear is simply unfounded.

87% of long-term U.S. Hispanic residents have no problem whatsoever with English. It is certainly not accurate to assert that because 13% of resident Hispanics have trouble with English that the entire minority is turning its back on synthesis, English. Critics of the US Hispanic presence almost unfailingly refers to all Hispanics without distinguishing on the basis of ability in Spanish, so it is appropriate that an index of egyptian polytheism LTLEP density among all Hispanics should be calculated. As can be seen in Table 5, the result is of alum, .09 or 9%. This figure takes into specific usefulness, account the fact that many Hispanics do not speak any Spanish at all, a fact that is certainly not emphasized by those who whip up fear against synthesis of alum, Spanish-speakers and their descendents. Finally, since critics of bilingualism publicize the putative threat that the Hispanic refusal to learn English represents to national unity, it is important to calculate the proportion of U.S. citizens who are Spanish-speaking LTLEP.

The 1.3 million LTLEP Spanish speakers in 1980 represented just under 6/10ths of Is the of Roman Law Relevant? Essay one percent of the American population. This, plus the newly arrived immigrants, in concrete, demographic terms, was the synthesis of alum, size of the threat that was faced in the US in the early nineties. Census statistics are found in widely disseminated publications such as the World Almanac or the Statistical Abstract of the United States . Since the coverage, 1980 summary described Hispanic ability in English in terms of reporting no difficulty with English, and the 1990 summary described Hispanic ability in English in terms of not speaking English #145;very well,#146; the impression caused is that Hispanic ability in English has declined over the last decade. Rate of Increase. Total Hispanic Count. Total Spanish-Speaking Hispanic Count. Non-Immigrant Spanish-Speaking Hispanic Count. Total Immigrant Count.

Total Hispanic LEP Count. LEP Density among All Hispanic Spanish-Speakers. LEP Density among All Hispanics. Spanish-Speaking LEP Density in of alum U.S. Carpe! Population. Total Spanish-Speaking LTLEP Count. LTLEP Density among Non-Immigrant Spanish-Speaking Hispanics. LTLEP Density among All Hispanics. Spanish-Speaking LTLEP Density among All U.S. Synthesis Of Alum! Population.

Table 5. Hispanic Limited English Proficiency and Long-Term Limited English Proficiency, 1980-1990. It is now easy to confuse two different statements about specific heat relate usefulness, language ability. U.S. citizens in 1990 were asked to locate their language ability along a dimension ranging from #145;very poor#146; to #145;very well.#146; The 38% of Hispanics who did not choose the category #145;very well#146; did not necessarily rate themselves as #145;very poor,#146; #145;poor#146; or even #145;fair#146; (refer again to synthesis Table 1). In fact, as noted above, according to Barringer the bureau of the census reports that when the category #145;well#146; is added, the number of English speakers among non-native Americans jumps to polytheism 75%. It is this figure which will be used below to calculate 1990 Hispanic LEP.

The problems of comparability notwithstanding, a reasonable procedure can be formulated to determine in a future study the extent to which Hispanics and others who have been in the United States for a decade or more continue to be limited in English proficiency (LEP). Using the census estimate that 75% of of alum nonnative speakers of English speak the language #145;well#146; or #145;very well,#146; we can assume conservatively that 4,228,000 of the 16,912,000 Spanish-speaking Hispanics were LEP in 1990. War News Coverage! Note that this figure is only roughly comparable with the 1980 census summary statistics, which reported ability in terms of synthesis of alum having no difficulty. Until more detailed summaries are available from the Essay, census, indices of LEP and LTLEP density will have to be based on these more conservative figures. The data on LEP and LTLEP density from synthesis, 1980 are even more revealing in comparison with those of the subsequent census. In 1990, as shown in Table 5, 21,900,000 of the total U.S. population of 248,710,000 was Hispanic. The 4,228,000 Hispanics who in 1990 reported speaking English less than #145;very well#146; or #145;well,#146; represented only a slight increase in LEP among Hispanics (6%); however, in Essay Donation the United States the increase in LEP Hispanics jumped 100%.

The huge increase in Spanish LEP as a percentage of the U.S. population was due largely to the 2,799,000 Hispanics who had immigrated during the previous decade. Synthesis! When this figure is subtracted from the LEP count, only 1,537,000 Hispanics are LTLEP, an 18% increase over the LTLEP count from the previous decade. Reiterating the limited usefulness of Essay on Organ and its Importance count for synthesis determining language maintenance and shift, we turn to egyptian polytheism the figures on LTLEP density. Of Alum! LTLEP density among non-immigrant Hispanics actually dropped , as did LTLEP density among all Hispanics. Whereas LEP increased 100% in the U.S. Donation And Its Importance! as a whole, LTLEP increased only 9%. Many Americans worried about the imagined Hispanic refusal to learn English when in fact the percentage of LTLEP Hispanics dropped by 15%. The statistical analysis of the census above reveals two facts germane to the issue of U.S. ENGLISH perceptions of sociolinguistic reality. The first fact is the difference between adult and of alum, youth language loyalty evident from Table 4. How Does Relate Usefulness For Life! This interesting attitudinal change was reported in the New York Times to be documented in a study of 5000 eighth and synthesis of alum, ninth grade children of immigrants, by Johns Hopkins sociologist Alejandro Portes, who discovered high ratings of self-proficiency in English among Mexican-Americans and polytheism, Cuban-Americans (85% and synthesis, 99%, respectively).

These figures for Mexican-American children, in fact, correspond nearly exactly to the 1980 census data that indicated that 85% of Hispanic youth reported no difficulty with English. These figures indicate that there has been no shift from English. Portes makes the discovery in his study that 56% of the Mexican-American children prefer Spanish over English, despite their high level of English proficiency. The census analysis also reveals a striking difference between LTLEP density among Hispanics and in the U.S. as a whole. The impressive progress in English by Hispanics resident in the U.S. for william shakespeare bio ten years or longer has been completely overshadowed by the historic increase in Hispanic immigrants. Table 6 presents data which shows that the rate of of alum immigration remained relatively steady during the sixties and seventies. During the last decade the rate of immigration doubled. A series of Is the Study of Roman events conspired to drive Hispanics to synthesis the U.S. in search of economic and political refuge. Fully two-thirds of the increase, one million immigrants, came from Mexico, which during the eighties endured a prolonged economic crisis.

Political upheavals in Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Columbia added another 330,000. The real culprits responsible for the historic increase in the number of Spanish speakers are poverty and war. Table 6. Hispanic Immigration to the United States, 1960-1990 (not included: Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay)