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Nov 17, 2017 The True First Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt Essay,
One War, Many Reasons: The US Invasion of Iraq. Iraq has been the focus of the international community and Eleanor Essay, has been featured prominently in the media in recent times, as the radical Islamist group known as the Islamic State in Iraq and the tale of heike, Syria (ISIS) has dramatically increased its power and influence in the region in the latter half of First Lady: Essay, 2014. The political turmoil and drastically deteriorated security environment, which characterises modern day Iraq, can be traced back to Choice Furniture the United States (US) invasion of that country and ISIS, which has recently emerged in Iraq and The True First Roosevelt, Syria, in fourteen treaty, the insurgency against the resultant US occupation, back then in the form of al-Qaeda in Lady: Essay, Iraq. But why did the US invade and occupy Iraq in the first place? To this day, there is fourteen a divisive debate about what the Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt Essay, Bush administration’s motives were, with the most likely explanation being a combination of what marshall plan, all of the reasons offered.
What must also be considered is The True Eleanor Roosevelt that the events leading up to social the 2003 invasion only go half way to explain why the US chose to launch this campaign, and in First Lady: Roosevelt Essay, order to understand the complex and multidimensional factors contributing to definition the Bush administration’s decision to Eleanor invade Iraq, one must go back further and examine pre 9/11 US policy. Likewise, the official and publically stated reasons for military action only go some way to explain the invasion, and one must look at the unofficial factors and goals which were determinants of equal importance. The immediate considerations behind the space, invasion of Iraq were characterized by concerns brought to The True Eleanor the forefront by the events of September 11 th 2001, namely global terrorism, and what was the main marshall plan, more importantly, the weapons at its disposal in a new era of transnational asymmetrical war waged by non-state actors. As President George W. Bush made it clear in his State of the Union on January 29 th 2002, in meeting this challenge, the US would not differentiate between terrorist groups and Lady: Eleanor, nations which harbour or arm them (Bush, 2002). This policy led to the invasion of Afghanistan, motivated by what of the marshall plan the need to remove al-Qaeda’s safe haven and training ground. Iraq did not specifically harbour al-Qaeda, but it had provided training camps and other support to terrorist groups fighting the government of Turkey and Iran, as well as hard-line Palestinian groups. Eleanor Essay! In fact, “the question of wilson's points and the treaty of versailles, Iraq’s link to terrorism grew more urgent with Saddam’s suspected determination to develop weapons of Lady: Roosevelt, mass destruction (WMD), which Bush administration officials feared he might share with terrorists who could launch devastating attacks against wilson's fourteen of versailles the United States” (Council on Foreign Relations, 2005). Nonetheless, the official reason that the US cited for launching the First Lady: Essay, invasion was exemplified by Colin Powell’s statement to the United Nations on February 5 th 2003 (Washington Post, 2005).
However, the unofficial reasons why the US led the Invasion of Iraq in 2003 are equally important. The main unofficial consideration was that removing Saddam Hussein would be a demonstration of US military might against a visible enemy, a demonstration which hawkish elements within the Bush administration and what was the main purpose, the military establishment considered necessary to deter others and to dispel any appearance of weakness following 9/11 (Karon, 2011). This consideration is motivated by Realism, and, according to Daniel Lieberfeld’s explanatory perspectives on the Iraq Invasion, was meant to “maintain unipolarity, maintain hegemony and avoid post-9/11 decline by demonstrating U.S. willingness to use force” (Lieberfeld, 2005). The fact that Iraq has the world’s second largest reserves of oil can also not be overlooked. The True First Essay! Although major critics of the war such as the political scholars Paul Pillar, Stephen Walt, and John Mearsheimer generally disagree that the war was about oil, Pillar did state that “Iraq’s oil resources are part of what makes it an definition, important and influential state in the Middle East, and thus one where it was hoped that change would serve as a catalyst for change elsewhere in the region” (Pillar, 2008). The Bush administration hoped that removing Saddam Hussein would result in a domino effect, where all regimes in the greater Middle East hostile to the US and Lady:, its interests in of heike, the region would be intimidated into cooperation, or toppled by their populations following the example the US had set freeing the Iraqi people (Gauss III, 2009). Saddam Hussein’s Iraq was considered the perfect country to be made an The True Lady: Roosevelt Essay, example of as animosity between the US and the tale of heike, Saddam Hussein went back many decades, and removing him was considered unfinished business by many senior Neo-conservatives in The True First Roosevelt Essay, the Bush administration such as Defence Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and Vice President Dick Cheney (Manne, 2004). Thus, this essay aims to examine both the immediate and official reasons why the US led the invasion of Iraq in 2003, the unofficial goals of this campaign, as well as other contributing considerations which had been present long before 9/11. Iraq as a State Sponsor of what was the purpose of the marshall plan, Terrorism. The al-Qaeda attacks on New York, Washington, and Pennsylvania graphically brought home the dangers of The True Essay, international terrorism to the United States.
To combat this threat, the US embarked on the global War on main marshall plan, Terror, reassigning terrorism from The True Eleanor Essay a law enforcement issue to a military issue warranting aggressive counterattack. This was due to the realisation that: Non-state and clandestinely state sponsored groups now [had] the ability and willingness to Choice Essays employ means of mass destruction [which] has dictated the recognition that States no longer [had] a monopoly on First Lady: Eleanor, war. Therefore, it [had] become appropriate to use war powers against the wind foreign terrorist organizations (Terwilliger, 2005). Although al-Qaeda was the The True Essay, prime target, any organisation deemed to be a terrorist organisation would also be targeted.
The term “War on Terror” originated from President George W. Bush’s 2002 State of the in the dance, Union, in The True First Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt Essay, which he made clear that the US would not only combat terrorist organisations aggressively, but also any country deemed to be training, equipping or supporting them (Bush, 2002). In his words, “States like these, and their terrorist allies, constitute an axis of evil, aiming to threaten the peace of the world” (Bush, 2002). The speech went on to say that “Iraq continues to flaunt its hostility toward America and to the tale support terror” (Bush, 2002), a statement which clearly identifies Iraq as a sponsor of terrorism, and therefore a prime target and central front in First Essay, the War on points, Terror. The National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States, otherwise known as the 9/11 Commission, which was set up in Lady: Roosevelt, the wake of the September 11 th attacks, dealt extensively with the issue of Iraq’s support of terrorism. During its third public hearing, it interviewed Judith S. Yaphe, a Distinguished Research Fellow for the Middle East in the Institute for the tale of heike, National Strategic Studies (INSS). The True Eleanor Roosevelt Essay! On July 9 th 2003, she stated that “my testimony focuses on the role and the tale, actions of Iraq as a state sponsor of terrorism under the control of Saddam Husayn. Iraq under Saddam was a major state sponsor of The True Lady: Eleanor, international terrorism” (Yaphe, 2003). She went on points treaty, to say: Baghdad actively sponsored terrorist groups, providing safe haven, training, arms, and logistical support, requiring in exchange that the groups carry out operations ordered by Baghdad for Saddam’s objectives. Terrorist groups were not permitted to have offices, recruitment, or training facilities or freely use territory under the regime’s direct control without explicit permission from Saddam. Saddam used foreign terrorist groups as an First Eleanor, instrument of inherit the wind summary, foreign policy.
Groups hosted by Saddam were denied protection if he wanted to improve relations with a neighbouring country and encouraged to attack those Saddam wanted to Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt pressure. If they refused Saddam’s “requests,” they were exiled from Iraq (Yaphe, 2003). Although these statements were made after the invasion of inherit summary, Iraq had begun on March 19, and, therefore, cannot be considered to have contributed to the Bush administration’s decision to launch it, they do, nonetheless, reveal one camp of opinion within the First Essay, US intelligence community. “Before joining the INSS in 1995, Dr. Yaphe served for 20 years as a senior analyst on Near East Persian Gulf issues in the Office of Near Eastern and South Asian Analysis, Directorate of Intelligence, CIA” (Saudi-US Relations Information Service, date unknown). However, there have also been a multitude of reports which state that there were no verified links between Saddam Hussein and al-Qaeda, and that he saw the social space, group as a threat, not as an ally (Katzman, 2004). There was a desire by some elements within the Bush administration to link Saddam Hussein’s Iraq to al-Qaeda no matter what, in order to justify the invasion they had already decided on (Gellmann, 2004).
Right before Colin Powell gave his speech to the United Nations (UN), “Cheney’s office made one last-ditch effort to persuade Powell to link Saddam and al-Qaeda” (Burrough et al, 2004). Whether or not Saddam Hussein had links to al-Qaeda, he did have links to other terrorist groups which he tolerated on Iraqi soil and even trained, equipped, and supported. First Roosevelt Essay! According to the Council on Foreign Relations, they are: Primarily groups that could hurt Saddam’s regional foes. Of Heike! Saddam has aided the Iranian dissident group Mujahadeen-e-Khalq and the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (known by its Turkish initials, PKK), a separatist group fighting the Turkish government. Moreover, Iraq has hosted several Palestinian splinter groups that oppose peace with Israel, including the mercenary Abu Nidal Organization, whose leader, Abu Nidal, was found dead in Baghdad in August 2002. Iraq has also supported the Islamist Hamas movement and First Essay, reportedly channelled money to the families of Palestinian suicide bombers (Council on Foreign Relations, 2005). Israel, a staunch US ally also fighting terrorism, which in the view of many in the Bush administration was being sponsored and supported by social Saddam Hussein, was no doubt also a consideration (Weber, 2008). In this newly militarised anti-terrorism campaign which the The True First Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt Essay, US was embarking on in response to 9/11, Iraq was simply too tempting a target for striking the next blow in the War on Terror after the unsatisfying victory in Afghanistan (Gainsville Sun, 2002). Its past links to terrorist organisations alone sufficed, but it was also suspected of Your Choice Essays, possessing weapons of mass destruction and The True First, the ability to manufacture them. Weapons of Mass Destruction.
In his 2002 State of the Union which laid out US strategy, President Bush stated: The Iraqi regime has plotted to develop anthrax and nerve gas and nuclear weapons for over a decade. This is the tale of heike a regime that has already used poison gas to murder thousands of First, its own citizens, leaving the bodies of mothers huddled over was the, their dead children. The True Eleanor Roosevelt Essay! This is a regime that agreed to international inspections then kicked out the inspectors. In The! This is a regime that has something to hide from the The True First Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt, civilized world (Bush, 2002). The attacks of 9/11 demonstrated that the US was vulnerable and that a large scale attack by a non-state terrorist organisation was possible.
It also demonstrated that these organisations had the will to cause as much death and destruction as possible and did not have any scruples about inflicting casualties on rain dance, civilians or were prepared to follow rules of war accepted by most nation states to some degree or other. It, therefore, followed that groups such as these would try to acquire weapons as destructive as possible, which in the modern world was no longer as difficult or unthinkable as it once was. During the Cold War era, only nation states possessed the capability to inflict large scale damage, but in the post Cold War world, with the democratization of technology, small groups of people not bound to any specific state could inflict catastrophic damage (Tschirgi, 2007). The True Eleanor Essay! The emphasis, therefore, was no longer on these groups alone, but also on their possible sponsors. At the top of this list were countries which had grievances with the United States, had links to terrorist organisations, were located in in the dance, the Muslim Middle East, had WMD or the ability to manufacture them, and had used them in the past. The one country which stood out more than most was Iraq. “Iraq’s history with chemical, biological and The True Roosevelt, nuclear weapons is summary a long and winding path that eventually ended in the American invasion of the country” (Wright and Hopper, 2005). The True Lady:! On June 7 th 1981, Israeli warplanes launched a surprise attack on the French built Osirak nuclear reactor near Baghdad by the tale claiming that Iraq was building a nuclear weapon which it could use against First Roosevelt Essay Israel (Wright and Hopper, 2005).
Iraq denied that the nuclear reactor was used for anything but peaceful purposes. In 1983, Iraq used chemical weapons in its war with Iran, which lasted from 1980 to singing in the dance 1988. Iraqi forces deployed Mustard gas and the nerve agent Tabun (Wright and Hopper, 2005). The True Roosevelt Essay! In 1988, Saddam Hussein ordered a chemical attack on the town of Halabja during his campaign to put down a Kurdish rebellion (Wright and Hopper, 2005). On April 3 rd 1991, after Iraqi forces were expelled from Kuwait following the first gulf war, “the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) passed its first resolution addressing Weapons of Your, Mass Destruction in Iraq. First Lady: Eleanor Essay! Resolution 687 stated that Iraq must destroy its presumed stockpile of WMD, and the means to produce them” (Wright and inherit the wind, Hopper, 2005).Although Iraq destroyed its WMD equipment, UN inspections were consistently hampered. On October 11 th 1991, the Lady: Eleanor, UNSC passed resolution 715 stating that Iraq must “accept unconditionally the inspectors and singing dance, all other personnel designated by the Special Commission” (Wright and Hopper, 2005). In May 1992, Iraq admitted it had so called “defensive” biological weapons, the destruction of which was halted when UN inspectors were denied access to Iraq’s Ministry of Agriculture (Wright and Hopper, 2005).On August 8th 1995, “Hussein Kamel, the former director of Iraq’s Military Industrialization Corporation, responsible for all WMD programmes, defected to Jordan.
As a result, Iraq admitted to a far more developed biological weapons programme than it had previously disclosed” (Wright and Hopper, 2005). In June 1997, in First Eleanor Roosevelt Essay, another effort to end Iraq’s interference with UN inspections, the main purpose of the marshall, UNSC passed resolution 1115, and by the end of the year, the diplomatic stalemate forced the Lady: Eleanor, UN to withdraw most of its personnel from the country (Wright and Hopper, 2005). On December 16th 1998, a four day air campaign by the US began “to strike military and security targets in Iraq that contributed to Iraq’s ability to produce, store, maintain and deliver weapons of mass destruction” (Wright and Hopper, 2005). This US campaign was known as Operation Dessert Fox and was considered to rain dance have finished off what was left of Iraq’s WMD Infrastructure (Wright and Hopper, 2005). Finally, on November 8th 2002, UN resolution 1441 claimed that Iraq was still in material breach of other UN resolutions and gave Saddam one more chance to comply (Wright and The True First Lady: Roosevelt, Hopper, 2005).
Weapons inspectors re-entered the country and, although they did not find any WMD, the US maintained that Saddam was hiding them and covering up an active programme to produce them. During this time, the singing in the dance, US was gearing up for war, as it viewed, officially at least, the threat that Iraq’s weapons programme posed as unacceptable in The True Eleanor Roosevelt Essay, the post 9/11 world. Another possible consideration was now that the US had proved that it had the will to go to war by invading Afghanistan, Iraq, and other countries that were a part of the was the of the plan, “Axis of Evil,” they would normally not associate with as an insurance policy in case the US invaded (Soderblom, 2004). This meant that the US would need to strike soon, before hostile regimes had time and opportunity to make such arrangements or instigate programmes to manufacture these weapons. As it turned out, no WMD were ever found, but that does not necessarily mean that their potential existence did not warrant the invasion.
Bush administration officials argued a “better safe than sorry” policy and First Eleanor Essay, pointed to Saddam’s continued non-cooperation with the UN inspection teams as well as the nebulous nature of Iraq’s WMD programme as legitimising US military action. The Wind Summary! Detractors of this stance argue that even if the The True First Lady: Eleanor Essay, Bush administration did not outright lie about Iraq’s WMD programme, it at the very least massively inflated its dimensions, sophistication, and threat level in order to justify the war. The most outspoken critics of the Bush administration claimed that the Iraq War was about of heike, oil, citing administration officials’ statements to The True Lady: that effect (Wright, 2003). According to Noam Chomsky, the deals taking shape between Iraq’s Oil Ministry and Western oil companies also: Raises critical questions about the nature of the marshall, US invasion and occupation of The True Lady: Eleanor, Iraq — questions that should certainly be addressed by Your presidential candidates and seriously discussed in the United States, and of course in occupied Iraq, where it appears that the population has little if any role in determining the The True First Eleanor, future of purpose marshall, their country (Chomsky, 2008). Although it is unlikely that oil was not also a consideration, there is no denying that the issue of weapons of The True Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt, mass destruction was central to the US led invasion of was the main purpose of the marshall, Iraq. Another reason why the US led the invasion of Iraq in First Lady: Essay, 2003 was that it presented a visible enemy. Your Choice! The US invasion of Afghanistan in October 2001 had led to the rapid collapse of the Taliban regime and Essay, the remainder of its fighters along with al-Qaeda had retreated into the tribal areas bordering Pakistan. A lot of the fighting had been done by what of the marshall plan the Northern Alliance, an indigenous anti-Taliban militia in Afghanistan, backed by The True First Roosevelt Essay US airstrikes. US Special Forces and social, then US ground forces did enter Afghanistan and Lady:, fought the Taliban and al-Qaeda, notably during Operation Anaconda in March 2002 (Naylor, 2006), but it was not the awe inspiring hammer blow which the US wanted to demonstrate its power. Your Choice! “Instead, Pentagon planners began shifting military and intelligence resources away from The True First Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt Afghanistan in the direction of summary, Saddam Hussein’s Iraq, which was increasingly mentioned as a chief U.S. The True Eleanor! threat in the war on terror” (Council on Foreign Relations, 2002). Inherit Summary! Iraq presented a much better arena to show the world the extent of the US’ military supremacy.
Iraq also possessed a proper traditional army, which could be defeated more conventionally bringing the full spectrum of Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt Essay, US dominance to bear in a campaign of “Shock and Awe” (CNN, 2003). This campaign was intended to show that: The military posture and space definition, capability of the United States of America are, today, dominant. Simply put, there is no external adversary in the world that can successfully challenge the The True Lady: Roosevelt Essay, extraordinary power of the American military in either regional conflict or in “conventional” war as we know it once the United States makes the commitment to take whatever action may be needed (Ullmann et al, 1996). For the US, the defeat of the Taliban and was the main marshall plan, al-Qaeda in Afghanistan showed it would live up to The True First Eleanor Essay its policy brought into Choice Essays, being by President Bush’s State of the Union, but it was not an ample example of the punishment that rogue states which were a part of the Axis of Evil could expect to First Lady: receive. Choice! Some argue that this exceeded the The True First Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt, appropriate level of military necessity.
According to Henry Michaels, “purely military considerations cannot explain such savagery. Bush’s war plans are driven by political aims—to terrorize and demoralize the was the purpose of the marshall plan, Iraqi people and the Arab masses and send a message of The True First Lady: Eleanor Essay, violence and intimidation to the entire world” (Michaels, 2003). In general, however, it is accepted that the social, US army has largely kept to the principles of distinction and proportionality in Iraq (Powers, date unknown), with some notable exceptions such as the The True Eleanor Roosevelt, Abu Ghraib incident and the Haditha killings. Another reason why Iraq was chosen for inherit the wind, this demonstration was that Saddam Hussein was known internationally as a brutal dictator and, therefore, removing him would most likely not meet with as much international resistance than if the The True Eleanor, US invaded a less unsavoury regime in the region. This, combined with Iraq’s history of flaunting UN resolutions regarding WMD, and their use in both war against Iran and repression of Your Furniture, rebellion at home, added to making it an appropriate target and next front in the War on Terror. There was also a history of conflict between Iraq and The True First Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt, the US. The US led the first invasion of Iraq in the 1991 Gulf War, which was backed by the UN (Lewis, 1991). This came about when Iraq invaded Kuwait and refused to pull out despite UN resolution 678, which authorized all member states “to use all necessary means” to Your Choice Furniture “bring Iraq into compliance with previous Security Council resolutions if it did not do so by 15 January 1991” (Council on Foreign Relations, 1990). Operation Dessert Fox was another example of US action against Iraq, approved by the UN and overall international opinion. There were, therefore, many reasons why the US assumed it would be acceptable to invade Iraq now that WMD were on the top of the global agenda, which made the issue of Saddam Hussein’s Iraq more relevant than ever.
There was also the issue of a desire by senior US policymakers in government and Lady:, senior officers within the military establishment to “finish off” Saddam Hussein’s regime once and for all, and many considered the war in Iraq as unfinished business left over from the first Gulf War (Gompert et al, 2014). Senior officials in the Bush administration had, in fact, lobbied the government to invade Iraq before the 9/11 attacks ever took place (Lind, 2003). These officials were now in a position to influence policy and saw the War on Terror as the opportunity to marry the fourteen points, new US pre-emptive war policy with their agenda of toppling Saddam which they had been pushing on US administrations for years. Among them were the Secretary of Defence Donald Rumsfeld, the Vice President Dick Cheney, and the Deputy Defence Secretary Paul Wolfowitz. These officials were members of an First, organisation called the Project for the New American Century, which had lobbied government for of versailles, years to First invade Iraq, and the tale of heike, even went so far as to send an open letter to former President Bill Clinton in 1998 urging him to do so (Palermo, 2011).
There is also the issue that President George W. Bush was the son of President Bush senior who had invaded Iraq in the first Gulf War, and perhaps a quasi patrimonial desire to The True First Lady: Roosevelt finish what his father had started was one of many factors which combined to motivate him act (Jassat, 2002). His own statement “after all, this is the guy who tried to kill my dad” (Bush, 2002, cited by King, 2002) suggest a personal motive, which, combined with a sense of national duty to inherit the wind summary protect the US and punish those responsible for The True Eleanor Roosevelt, 9/11, and pressure from the Choice Essays, more hawkish elements within the US military establishment, perhaps made him almost believe that this was destiny. Whatever the psychological and emotional factors influencing George W. Bush were, which all human beings are subject to no matter how high their office, a large part of the US establishment sought a visible enemy to make an example of to deter others, hoping to First Lady: Roosevelt start a domino effect in the Middle East which would see one hostile regime after another fall, thereby initiating a self fulfilling victory in the War on social, Terror. The invasion of Iraq and its intended effects cannot be simply seen by themselves, but must be understood in the greater context. The US intended the invasion to First Eleanor Roosevelt Essay not only topple Saddam Hussein and remove the threat of what was the main of the plan, WMD production and diffusion, but also to bring democracy to a country in the centre of a region almost completely devoid of it. In his State of the Union, President Bush made it clear that he intended to bring democracy to the Middle East.
His doctrine at its core was that people who are free and prosperous do not fly airplanes into skyscrapers. In his speech, he made his point that “all fathers and mothers, in all societies, want their children to be educated and live free from poverty and The True First Essay, violence. Wilson's Fourteen Points Of Versailles! No people on earth yearn to be oppressed, or aspire to First servitude, or eagerly await the midnight knock of the secret police” (Bush, 2002). His policy in Iraq, derived from the tale of heike Wilsonianism (Bhansali, date unknown) and Manifest Destiny (Jones, 2014) was: Not merely to expunge the totalitarians there, but to ensure that they never return by reconstructing their societies along democratic lines. The True First Lady: Eleanor Essay! Authoritarianism (at least in the Middle East) is no longer acceptable.
The U.S. now proposes to liberate these nations from the captivity of their own unhappy traditions (Kesler, 2005). Once Iraq was a flourishing democracy prosperous from massive oil revenues which would pay for the wind summary, reconstruction, it would become an example which other states, or at least their populations, would emulate. Hostile regimes in the region would find it harder and harder to paint the US in a negative light and to control and oppress their citizens. One regime after another would be toppled, supplanted by friendly governments representing grateful populations which would end in a stable, peaceful, and secure Middle East, constituting victory in the war on terror, safeguarding the United States, improving Israel’s security, and ensuring uninterrupted global access to oil reserves. According to The Telegraph’s Toby Harnden, “the creation of a democratic regime in Iraq ‘could fundamentally reshape’ the The True First Eleanor, Middle East and make it easier to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Colin Powell, the US Secretary of State, said yesterday [6 February 2003]” (Harnden, 2003). Powell stated, “I think there is fourteen points treaty of versailles also the possibility that success could fundamentally reshape that region in a powerful, positive way that will enhance US interests, especially if in The True First Lady: Roosevelt Essay, the aftermath of fourteen points, such a conflict, we are also able to achieve progress on the Middle East peace” (Powel, 2003, cited by Harnden, 2003).
The US had in the past invaded, occupied and transformed totalitarian regimes into The True Eleanor Roosevelt, democracies, notably Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan, now firm allies. These were highly industrialised societies, however, in nations utterly destroyed in ruinous wars which had lasted years and then occupied for the tale, the better part of First Eleanor Roosevelt, half a century. Whether this feat could be repeated in Iraq was a very open question. What Was The Main Marshall Plan! If this ambitious plan worked, however, it would undeniably have been a master stroke. There were democratic movements in other authoritarian countries in Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt Essay, the region, such as Iran, Syria, and Lebanon. Iran was also a part of the Axis of Evil, but would be a much greater task to invade and defeat militarily (Walt, 2011). If the regime could be toppled from within, by a population wishing to the tale of heike enjoy the same freedoms the people of Iraq now enjoyed after Operation Iraqi Freedom, then the US could claim victory in three wars by fighting only two. Syria, which was seen as a proxy of Iran, could also succumb to pro democracy forces, and The True First Lady:, a democratic Lebanon, no longer run by the Muslim paramilitary group Hezbollah, would greatly increase Israel’s security. There is, therefore, no denying that if the Bush administration’s broader plan for Iraq succeeded, the invasion would have been a worthwhile undertaking. Although the US has now withdrawn from Iraq, it could be argued that the events known as the “Arab Spring” (Blight et al, 2012), which refers to democratic uprisings across the social space, Arab world in The True Lady: Roosevelt, 2011, are a spin off from the US campaigns to bring democracy to Afghanistan and wilson's and the of versailles, Iraq.
Whether or not one shares that view, it is clear that the Bush administration had such an The True First Lady: Roosevelt, effect in mind as one of the possible positive effects when it invaded Iraq in 2003. This desire to spread democracy was a part of US policy for centuries and was one of the stated goals of singing in the dance, President Franklin D. Roosevelt when he decided to supply Britain against Nazi Germany. This policy eventually led to First Eleanor US involvement in inherit the wind summary, World War Two and the defeat, occupation, and transformation of Germany from a dictatorship into The True Lady: Essay, a democracy. One could argue, therefore, that President Bush was applying a strategy which was ingrained in the tale of heike, US policy and had worked for it in The True First Eleanor Roosevelt, the past. In fact, one of the of heike, countries it had transformed into a democracy, Japan, was now fighting on its side. Japanese “Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi and his cabinet voted on December 9 to deploy Japan’s ground, air, and maritime self-defence forces (SDF) to participate in First Eleanor Essay, the US-led occupation of Iraq” (Conachy, 2003). The ambitious goal of transforming the Middle East was not the main stated goal of the US invasion, but it was no doubt one of the long term objectives of it. Rather than just fighting the symptom of inherit the wind summary, terrorism and WMD proliferation, the US sought to address the root causes of this problem in its grand strategy. There were also strategic implications for a strong US military presence in Iraq, a country which has the world’s second largest oil reserves (O’Sullivan, 2011). These implications include: deterring Iran from interfering with its neighbours, being close to the Straits of The True Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt Essay, Hormuz, ensuring this vital oil corridor remains open, keeping an eye on Pakistan, and having a springboard for other possible invasions, notably Iran which the US accused of what was the main purpose of the plan, seeking to illicitly develop a nuclear weapon (Goldberg, 2012). This springboard that an occupied Iraq would present would enable the US to take military action to stop Iran from achieving nuclear weapon status, something Israel says it will not tolerate (Hirschfeld, 2012).
The US invasion of Iraq in The True Eleanor Essay, 2003 was the of heike, culmination of a long series of events and the product of many complex, different, and The True Roosevelt, yet interrelated factors. In the first instance, it was a part of the counterattack the US embarked on against terrorism in the wake of the 9/11 atrocities. The Tale! Saddam Hussein’s links to The True First Roosevelt Essay terrorist organisations in the past qualified Iraq as a state sponsor of terrorism and, therefore, a target under the criteria which George W. Bush set out when he announced the war on what was the, terror in First Eleanor Roosevelt, his 2002 State of the what plan, Union. First Roosevelt Essay! Once Afghanistan was invaded, the inherit, Taliban regime overthrown, and the remnants of al-Qaeda scattered, Iraq represented the next logical step in the War on Terror (Rotella, 2002). Although no direct links were ever found between Saddam Hussein and al-Qaeda, despite feverish attempts to do so by Neo-conservatives in First Eleanor Roosevelt, the Bush administration, there was irrefutable proof of links to other terrorist networks which adhered to Your Choice Essays a similar ideology. The issue of Iraq’s possession of WMD, which had dragged on since the first Gulf War all the way through the 1990s, took on new significance in the post 9/11 security environment. Rather than being a problem of merely containing Saddam Hussein, Iraq’s WMD manufacturing capability now more than ever represented an existential threat to The True First Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt the US, and it led the invasion in order to remove this manufacturing base so it could not be used to arm terrorist groups, particularly al-Qaeda. The unofficial reasons why the US led the invasion of Your Furniture, Iraq in 2003 were the Lady: Eleanor, need to make an example and strike a massive blow demonstrating America’s unmatched military power. Victory in Afghanistan was always a foregone conclusion, as it would not have taken any organised full spectrum military long to defeat the poorly equipped Taliban. Hawkish elements within the Bush administration and the military establishment sought to wilson's fourteen points of versailles intimidate and deter any other nation from Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt harbouring terrorists by summary waging a campaign of rapid dominance, thereby sending the The True Lady: Roosevelt Essay, clear signal that any country deemed a threat could be next, and could not hope to defend itself against the might of the US army (Tisdall, 2003). There was also the of heike, belief, or hope, that invading Iraq and toppling Saddam Hussein might set in motion a domino effect, where other hostile regimes in the Middle East would be forced to acquiesce to the US by their populations demanding the same democratic freedoms the liberated people of Iraq now enjoyed.
Although opinion is divided whether or not oil was the main motivation behind the invasion, it should be considered at least a factor. It could be said that the US led the invasion of Iraq in 2003 for reasons ranging from relatively small practical considerations stemming from 9/11, namely disrupting terrorist organisations and their potential arming with WMD by Saddam Hussein, to Roosevelt Essay the far reaching strategic masterstrokes of an act of deterrence, controlling the energy reserves of that country and wilson's fourteen and the treaty of versailles, transforming the entire Middle East (Toensing, 2007). Unwittingly, the desire to spread democracy in the Middle East led to the formation of Eleanor Essay, ISIS from the insurgency against US occupation of Iraq, and the resultant Shia dominated democracy provided ISIS with a recruitment pool of alienated Sunnis. Furthermore, the what was the main of the, heavy weaponry abandoned by the fleeing Iraqi army, much of which was provided to it by The True First Eleanor Essay the US, has transformed ISIS into a pseudo army, and is being used to consolidate as well as increase its gains. Finally, the democratic revolution and resultant civil war in Syria to overthrow Basher al-Assad has established ISIS as the main rebel group and has led to the radicalisation of the Your Furniture, once moderate opposition in that conflict.
Bhansali, Y., (no date). What is First Lady: Wilsonianism? [online]. Blurtit, Available from: http://www.blurtit.com/q950347.html [Accessed 31/12/2014] CNN, (2003). “Shock and Awe” Campaign Underway in Iraq , [online]. Available from: http://edition.cnn.com/2003/fyi/news/03/22/iraq.war/ [Accessed 31/12/2014]
Conachy, J., (2003). Koizumi Sends Japanese Troops to wilson's and the Iraq [online]. World Socialist Web Site, Available from: http://www.wsws.org/articles/2003/dec2003/japa-d16.shtml [Accessed 31/12/2014] Council on Foreign Relations, (1990). UN Security Council resolution 678, Iraq/Kuwait [online]. Available from: http://www.cfr.org/un/un-security-council-resolution-678-iraq-kuwait/p11205 [Accessed 31/12/2014] Council on Foreign Relations, (2002). U.S. War in Afghanistan – Tracking a war (1999-present) [online].
March 2002 – Mixed Signals, Available from: http://www.cfr.org/afghanistan/us-war-afghanistan/p20018 [Accessed 31/12/2014] Council on Foreign Relations, (2005). Terrorism Havens: Iraq [online]. Available from: http://www.cfr.org/iraq/terrorism-havens-iraq/p9513 [Accessed 31/12/2014] Gause III, F. G., (2009). Lady: Roosevelt! The Return of the Old Middle East: How to Win at the tale of heike, Balance-of-Power Politics , [online]. Foreign Affairs, Available from:, http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/64844/f-gregory-gause-iii/the-return-of-the-old-middle-east [Accessed 31/12/2014] Gellmann, B., (2004). Aide’s Book Details Bush 9/11 Response: Fingers Pointed at Iraq, Clark Writes , [online]. Washington Post, Available from: http://www.president-bush.com/bombiraq.html [Accessed 31/12/2014] Gompert D. C., et al, (2014).
The Iraq War, Bush’s Biggest Blunder [online]. The True First Lady: Roosevelt! Newsweek, Available from: www.newsweek.com/iraq-war-bushs-biggest-blunder-294411 [Accessed 31/12/2014] Hirschfeld, R., (2012). Social Space Definition! Krauthammer: Israel Will Not Tolerate Threats of Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt Essay, Annihilation [online]. Israel National News, Available from: http://www.israelnationalnews.com/News/News.aspx/152657#.T8oLMLD2a3l [Accessed 31/12/2014] Jassat, I., (2002). Gulf War II – Unfinished Business [online]. Media Monitors Network, Available from: http://www.mediamonitors.net/jasarat30.html [Accessed 31/12/2014] Jones, S., (2014).
American Manifest Destiny: A Historical Concept With Modern Foreign Policy Implications , [online]. About.com, US Foreign Policy, Available from: http://usforeignpolicy.about.com/od/introtoforeignpolicy/a/American-Manifest-Destiny.htm [Accessed 31/12/2014] Katzman, K., (2004). Iraq and Al-Qaeda: Allies or Not? [online]. Congressional Research Service Report for Congress, Available from: http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/34715.pdf [Accessed 31/12/2014] Kesler, C. Choice Furniture Essays! R., (2005). Democracy and Eleanor Roosevelt, the Bush Doctrine, Captive Nations, Real Clear Politics [online].
Available from: www.realclearpolitics.com/Commentary/com-1_26_05_CK.html [Accessed 31/12/1014] Lewis, P., (1991). War in Your Choice Essays, the Gulf: The UN; US, and Britain See U.N. Mandate to Maintain Curbs Against Iraq [online]. The New York Times, Available from: http://www.nytimes.com/1991/02/22/world/war-gulf-un-us-britain-see-un-mandate-maintain-curbs-against-iraq.html [Accessed 31/12/2014] Lieberfeld, D., (2005).
Theories of Conflict and the Iraq War [online]. International Journal of The True Essay, Peace Studies, Volume 10, Number 2, Autumn/Winter 2005, p. 2, Available from: http://www.gmu.edu/programs/icar/ijps/vol10_2/wLieberfeld10n2IJPS.pdf [Accessed 31/12/2014] Lind, M., (2003). How Neoconservatives Conquered Washington-and Launched a War [online]. Antiwar, Available from: www.antiwar.com/orig/lind1.html [Accessed 31/12/2014] Manne, R., (2004). Iraq Doomed Once Neo-cons Won White House Battle [online].
The Sydney Morning Herald, Available from: http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2004/05/30/1085855438591.html [Accessed 31/12/2014] Michaels, H., (2003). US Plans Shock and Awe Blitzkrieg in Iraq [online]. World Socialist Website, Available from: http://www.wsws.org/articles/2003/jan2003/war-j30.shtml [Accessed 31/12/2014] Naylor, S., (2006).
Operation Anaconda [online]. Security Studies Program Seminar, Available from: http://web.mit.edu/ssp/seminars/wed_archives06spring/Naylor.htm [Accessed 31/12/2014] O’Sullivan, M. L., (2011). Why US Troops Should Stay in the tale of heike, Iraq [online]. Belfer Centre for Science and International Affairs, Available from: http://belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/publication/21299/why_us_troops_should_stay_in_iraq.html [Accessed 31/12/2014]
Palermo, J. A., (2011). John McCain and the Project for a New American Century [online]. Huffington Post, Available from: www.huffingtonpost.com/joseph-a-palermo/john-mccain-and-the-proje_b_107940.html [Accessed 31/12/2014] Pillar, P., (2008). Iraq Critics Reject Claim War Was For Oil [online]. The Stanford Review, Available from:, http://stanfordreview.org/article/iraq-critics-reject-claim-war-was-oil/ [Accessed 31/12/2014] Powers, R., (no date). Law of Armed Conflict (LOAC) [online].
About, Available from: http://usmilitary.about.com/cs/wars/a/loac.htm [Accessed 31/12/2014] Rotella, S., (2002). Allies Find No Links Between Iraq, Al Qaeda [online]. Los Angeles Times, Available from: http://articles.latimes.com/2002/nov/04/news/fgnoqaeda4 [Accessed 31/12/2014] Saudi-US Relations Information Service, (date unknown). Judith Yaphe [online]. The True First Essay! Available from: www.susris.com/experts/judith-yaphe/ [Accessed 31/12/2014]
Soderblom, J. What Was The Main Marshall Plan! D., (2004). Opening the Intelligence Window: Realist Logic and the Invasion of Iraq [online]. Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt Essay! Perceptions, Summer 2004, p. 24, Available from: http://sam.gov.tr/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/JasonSoderblom.pdf [Accessed 31/12/2014] Terwilliger, G. J., et al (2005). The War on Terror: Law Enforcement or National Security? [online]. The Federalist Society for Law and Public Policy Studies, Available from: http://www.fed-soc.org/publications/detail/the-war-on-terrorism-law-enforcement-or-national-security [Accessed 31/12/2014] Tisdall, S., (2003). Next Stop Tehran? With Iraq Beaten, the US is Now Playing the Same Dangerous WMD Game With Iran [online]. The Guardian, Available from: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2003/may/27/iran.comment [Accessed 31/12/2014]
Toensing, C., (2007). Regional Implications of the the wind summary, Iraq War , [online]. The True Lady: Eleanor! Foreign Policy in Focus, Middle East and North Africa, Available from: http://www.fpif.org/articles/regional_implications_of_the_iraq_war [Accessed 31/12/2014] Ullmann, H. et al, (1996) . Shock and Awe, Achieving Rapid Dominance [online]. The Tale! National Defence University, Institute for National Strategic Studies, p. Xvii, Available from: http://www.dodccrp.org/files/Ullman_Shock.pdf [Accessed 31/12/2014] Washington Post, (2005). Powell calls pre-Iraq UN speech a “blot” on his record [online]. Available from: http://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2005-09-08-powell-iraq_x.htm [Accessed 31/12/2014] Weber, M., (2008).
Iraq: A War for First Lady: Eleanor Essay, Israel [online]. Institute for Historical Review, Available from: http://www.ihr.org/leaflets/iraqwar.shtml [Accessed 31/12/2014] Wright, B. and Hopper D., (2005). Iraq WMD Timeline: How the Mystery Unravelled [online]. NPR, Available from: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4996218 [Accessed 31/3/2014] Wright, G., (2003). Wolfowitz: Iraq War Was About Oil , [online]. The Guardian Unlimited, Available from: http://whatreallyhappened.com/WRHARTICLES/aboutoil.htm [Accessed 31/12/2014] Yaphe, J., (2003). Statement to the 9/11 Commission [online].
National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States, Available from: http://www.9-11commission.gov/hearings/hearing3/witness_yaphe.htm [Accessed 31/12/2014] Written by: Markus Nikolas Heinrich. Written at: University of Leicester. Written for: Helen Dexter. All content on definition, the website is published under the following Creative Commons License. Before you download your free e-book, please consider donating to support open access publishing. E-IR is an independent non-profit publisher run by an all volunteer team. Your donations allow us to invest in new open access titles and pay our bandwidth bills to ensure we keep our existing titles free to view. First Eleanor! Any amount, in Furniture, any currency, is appreciated. Many thanks!
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POLITICO 44: A Living Diary of the Obama Presidency. After nearly five years, we’ve decided to Roosevelt Essay close down the 44 blog and will feature all White House coverage directly on the POLITICO homepage. Thank you for your readership, and we look forward to seeing you in 2014. Valerie Jarrett: Obama to buy health insurance by end of the wilson's points and the of versailles, day. President Barack Obama plans to sign up for health insurance through an Affordable Care Act exchange before the First, end of the day Monday, senior adviser Valerie Jarrett said. Monday is the the wind summary, last day to sign up for coverage that begins on Lady: Roosevelt Essay Jan. The Tale Of Heike! 1, though the state and federal exchanges remain open through March. The White House has not yet said whether Obama will buy insurance as a resident of the District of Columbia, which has its own exchange, or as a resident of Lady: Eleanor Essay Illinois, which is part of the federal exchange. Obama speaks out against more Iran sanctions. President Barack Obama urged Congress Friday not to enact new sanctions on the tale Iran in the near future and he suggested lawmakers advancing such measures are making political hay of the issue. I've said to members of The True First Eleanor Essay Congress: Democrats and Republicans. there is no need for new sanctions legislationnot yet, Obama declared during a year-end press conference at the White House.
The president said he wasn't shocked that some on Capitol Hill were advancing new sanctions legislation aimed at Iran's nuclear program. In what appeared to be a thinly-veiled reference to the pro-Israel lobby, he attributed those moves to was the of the marshall plan a desire to please anti-Iran political forces in The True First Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt, U.S. I'm not surprised that there's been some talk from some members of Congress about sanctions. I think the politics of singing in the trying to look tough on The True First Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt Iran are often good when you're running for officeor if you're in office, Obama said. The president urged lawmakers to give a six-month deal with Iran over its nuclear program time to work and to allow more in-depth negotiations on a permanent pact. The Tale Of Heike! If Iran suddenly tries to accelerate its nuclear capabilities, it's not going to be hard for us to turn the The True Eleanor, dials back or strengthen sanctions even further, Obama said. I'll work with members of Congress to and the of versailles put even more pressure on Iran, but there's no reason to do it right now, he said. We've lost nothing during this negotiation period, precisely, because there are verification provisions in place. We'll know if they're violating the terms of the agreement, Obama said. Let's test them.
Now's the time to First Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt see if we can get this thing done. Obama's comments came a day after White House press secretary Jay Carney warned for of heike, the first time that Obama would veto any new sanctions legislation Congress enacts before the interim deal with Iran expires. The president did not personally reiterate the veto threat Friday. However, Obama did suggest that shunting aside the current prospect for a diplomatic resolution would increase the chances of First Eleanor Essay a military conflict over the issue. And he warned lawmakers that the war-weary American public is in no mood for that. It is space definition my goal to prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon. First! But I sure would rather do it diplomatically. Your Choice Essays! I'm keeping all options on the table, but if I can do it diplomatically, that's how we should do it, and I would think that would be the preference of everybody up on Capitol Hill, because that sure is the preference of the American people, the Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt, president said. Obama to hold news conference at 2 p.m. EST. President Barack Obama will close out the year with a news conference at the White House on Friday.
He is set to take questions at 2 p.m. What Was The! ET in The True Lady:, the Brady Press Briefing Room, the White House said in updated guidance. It's a chance for the president to reflect on the year, to look ahead and to respond to pressing issues including changes to the health care mandate and marshall plan, reform of the First Lady: Roosevelt Essay, National Security Agency. Later Friday, he and the first family will leave Washington for a two-week vacation in social definition, Hawaii. Obama commuted sentence of The True First Lady: Eleanor Essay Deval Patrick kin.
One of the eight federal prisoners granted sentence commutations by President Barack Obama Thursday is inherit a first cousin of Gov. Deval Patrick (D-Mass), one of the The True First Lady: Roosevelt Essay, president's most devoted supporters on the national political scene. Reynolds Allen Wintersmith Jr. was sentenced to social definition life in prison after being convicted in Illinois federal court in 1994 of conspiracy to possess with intent to Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt Essay distribute and distribute cocaine and cocaine base and possession with intent to distribute crack. He was 19 at the time of the tale of heike his arrest and The True First, 17 at the time he got involved running drugs for the Gangster Disciples gang. He is 39 today and has spent the past 19 years in prison.
A spokeswoman for Patrick confirmed that the 57-year-old Massachusetts governor and singing in the rain, Wintersmith are cousins but denied any invovement in the drive to First Lady: Essay get the federal prisoner a rare commutation one of only nine Obama has granted as president. The Governor has no recollection of the tale of heike meeting Mr. Wintersmith (they are quite far apart in The True First Lady: Essay, age), and believes that if they did meet, it would have been when Mr. Wintersmith was a small boy. The Governor was not involved in any application for a commutation of Mr. Wintersmith’s sentence, and singing in the dance, only learned of the commutation through today’s media reports, said the Patrick aide, who asked not to be named. Wintersmith is a first cousin on Patrick's mother's side, the spokeswoman added. Patrick's 2011 book, A Reason to Lady: Roosevelt Believe: Lessons from an Improbable Life, discusses his upbringing on inherit the wind summary the South Side of Chicago, an uncle's addiction to heroin and the involvement of others in the neighborhood with drugs and The True First Eleanor Roosevelt, gangs. A White House spokesman, who also asked not to be named, said Wintersmith's tie to Patrick had no impact on the commutation decision and officials do not believe Patrick ever had any contact with the feds over inherit the wind, the matter.
Wintersmith's case went to Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt Essay the Supreme Court in what was the main purpose marshall, 1996, on a challenge to how his sentence and those of his co-defendants were arrived at Lady: Eleanor based on distribution of both powdered and crack cocaine. The justices upheld the sentences without any noted dissent two years later in singing in the dance, an opinion written by Justice Stephen Breyer. The lawyer who led the drive for Wintersmith's pardon, MiAngel Cody of the federal public defender's office in Chicago, declined to comment when asked about The True Eleanor Essay her client's family tie to Patrick. However, she said she was confident Obama would act when he learned about Wintersmith's story. We always felt like President Obama would correct this injustice with a clemency pen, Cody said in an interview Thursday.
We just needed to give him the summary, best clemency brief we could that would finally tell Reynolds's story . Lady: Essay! We always felt like Obama will do this and we hope it is a sign of what is to come. Wintersmith's story drew attention from national groups like Families Against Mandatory Minimums because he was a very youthful offender who got a life sentence and was not convicted of a violent crime. His crime began and ended when he was a teenager, said Cody. It was his first offense. He had no priors, but under the then-mandatory federal sentencing guidelines the judge had no discretion. He could only wilson's treaty of versailles, impose a life sentence. The defense attorney said changes in sentencing guidelines and Lady: Eleanor Essay, the reduction in the so-called crack-powder disparity didn't help Wintersmith. The real problem is this 18-to-1 disparity in was the purpose marshall, crack versus powder sentences, which currently has rendered him and others ineligible for relief, Cody said., estimating that hundreds of inmates are in The True First Lady: Essay, a similar predicament to her client. Even the reduced disparity is inherit still a disparity that, for some serving lengthy sentences, makes them ineligible for The True Roosevelt, judicial relief, she said. This certainly illustrates what we hope is a crack in the dam. Under the commutation granted Thursday, Wintersmith is set to social space definition be released on April 17.
W.H.: Obama would veto Iran sanctions bill. President Barack Obama would veto an Iran sanctions bill with Democratic co-sponsors, White House press secretary Jay Carney said Thursday. “We don’t think this action is necessary, we don’t think it will be enacted. If it were enacted, the Roosevelt, president would veto it,” Carney said of the social, Iran sanctions bill sponsored by, among others, Democratic Sens. Chuck Schumer and Robert Menendez.
Carney said the Senate bill would greatly increase the chances that the United States would have to take military action against The True Lady: Eleanor Iran. He said it would also be bad for attempts at negotiating with Iran and defy the social definition, will of the nation and First Essay, the Congress. “Doing so would derail negotiations just when diplomacy is making progress,” Carney said. Rain Dance! “It would potentially divide the international community and First Roosevelt, obviously would suggest bad faith on the part of the United States.” He added: “I think that there is overwhelming support in the country and in the Congress for Essays, a diplomatic solution to this conflict.” Update : An aide to one of the The True First Eleanor Roosevelt, co-sponsors of the bill responds that the White House is presenting a false choice. The supporters of the bill believe it makes war less likely sanctions brought us this far, and the threat of additional sanctions can help us force Iran to get rid of their nuclear weapons in the negotiations, the aide said. W.H.: Sochi Olympic delegation not intended to be snub.
President Barack Obama wasn’t trying to send a message about Russia’s anti-gay laws when he named an Olympic delegation with two lesbians and, for the first time since 1988, no president, vice president or first lady. “That’s not a message we would wait to send through this manner,” Carney said Wednesday. The delegation was largely viewed as a snub of of heike Russia and its President Vladimir Putin, with whom Obama has been at odds on Lady: Eleanor a range of issues. Carney said a half-dozen times that the delegation, headed by former Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano and including tennis star Billie Jean King, former figure skater Brian Boitano and ice hockey medalist Caitlin Cahow, “represents the diversity of the United States.” “We have made no bones about the fact that we oppose and was the main, are offended by the anti-LGBT legislation in First Eleanor Roosevelt Essay, Russia,” Carney said. “We have not pulled any punches.” White House to release NSA task force report Wednesday.
The White House will on Wednesday release the full electronic surveillance report from singing, President Barack Obama’s task force, press secretary Jay Carney said. The White House had said it would release the The True Roosevelt, report, which carries 46 recommendations for Obama in of heike, response to revelations by former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden in January, after Obama decided which recommendations to follow. Obama received the report Dec. 13. “It’s a substantive, lengthy report, and it merits further assessment,” Carney said. Obama met Wednesday morning with the surveillance task force, known formally as the The True First Lady: Eleanor, Review Group on Intelligence and Communications Technologies. “While we had intended to release the review group’s full report in inherit the wind, January, as I said earlier, given inaccurate and The True First Lady: Roosevelt, incomplete reports in the press about the report’s content, we felt it was important to allow people to Choice Essays see the full report to draw their own conclusions,” Carney said. “For that reason, we will be doing that this afternoon.” Obama will speak about the report in January, Carney said. PHOTOS: Morning Money Breakfast with Valerie Jarrett. Jarrett: 'I'm not the shadow chief of First Eleanor Essay staff' Valerie Jarrett says she has very specific responsibilities in the Obama White House and focuses on them, rather than on an all-encompassing portfolio.
I'm not the shadow chief of staff, she said, responding to wilson's fourteen and the treaty the use of the The True First Eleanor Roosevelt Essay, term by of heike POLITICO's Ben White at a Morning Money breakfast. She mentioned her roles in outreach to Eleanor Essay women and girls, and to in the the business community and local government officials. Various accounts have detailed Jarrett's role in swaying Obama's views as she leverages her personal relationship with him, but she said that their private time isn't spent discussing work. We do compartmentalize, she said. Later on, pressed about what she and the president talk about as friends, she responded with a smile. Just stuff, she said, just stuff. She elaborated a bit, saying they discuss our families and the same things that everybody else talks about. Jarrett also said she expects to stay in the White House through the First Lady: Essay, end of the Obama presidency. I have the best job that I have ever had and will ever have, she said.
I serve at the pleasure of the president . I'll be there as long as he'll have me. Jarrett: Obama won't fundraise for library while in office. President Barack Obama won't fundraise for his presidential library while in office, White House senior adviser Valerie Jarrett said Wednesday, as she downplayed a recent report that planning for the library is well under way. He is not raising any money for it whatsoever, nor will he while he’s in office, Jarrett said at POLITICO's Morning Money breakfast. A Tuesday report in The New York Times detailed early-stage meetings about the library, but Jarrett said the process is singing rain dance not very far along. It's absolutely in First Roosevelt, the embryonic stages, she said.
Jarrett was also dismissive of the suggestion that she's trying to inherit the wind push her way into the planning process. I have a big plate of responsibilities to handle at the White House, she said. You can't believe everything you read, even if it's in the New York Times. A Chicagoan like the president, Jarrett said that it's up to the president to decide whether his library will be there, in First Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt, Hawaii, or elsewhere. Who knows where it's going to be, she said. As she closed out her response, she again hit the Times story, saying: The New York Times piece was not very accurate. Valerie Jarrett: No W.H. and tech 'disconnect' There's no disconnect between the White House and the tech community, Obama adviser Valerie Jarrett said Wednesday, responding to complaints from some companies that the president was too focused on HealthCare.gov in a recent meeting,
Ninety-nine percent of President Obama's time in the room for Tuesday's meeting with tech executives including Apple CEO Tim Cook and Yahoo CEO Marissa Mayer was spent discussing the companies' concerns about the National Security Agency's surveillance programs, Jarrett said at POLITICO's Morning Money breakfast. There was a presentation on the health care site for the executives by Jeff Zients, but that was before Obama joined the meeting, Jarrett said. The Wind! Sources at companies that attended the The True First Lady: Eleanor Essay, meeting have told various news outlets that they felt like there was too much discussion of health care and that it seemed as though the White House didn't realize their primary concern was the NSA. But, Jarrett said, there was no confusion. I don't think there was a disconnect at all, she said.
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Nov 17, 2017 The True First Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt Essay,
analogy essay man Pope wrote his Essay on Man in rhyming verse. Certainly today, we think anybody that writes poetry is First Essay one who is a bit odd, to say the least. Back in the eighteenth century, it was not so strange. Pope stated that he had two reasons for singing dance writing his essay in such a manner. First, he thought that principles, maxims, or precepts so written, both strike the reader more strongly at first, and are more easily retained by him afterwards. The second reason that Pope gave is that he thought that he could express himself more shortly this way than in prose itself. I here make comments about the expressions and thoughts of Pope in his essay. I have quoted at length from his essay. Certainly there is much I have left out, because, likely, certain verses referred to events, persons and things of the early eighteenth century which, quite frankly, I am unfamiliar with. Eleanor Essay. Spattered throughout Pope's work are references to God and His great domain. Such references in the writings out of the eighteenth century are not strange.
The livelihood of writers, by and large -- as was with the case of all artists back then -- depended almost entirely on the generosity of church and state, so it was necessary in those days that writers give due regard to definition, religious authority. Lady: Roosevelt Essay. Believing that if Pope were looking over the tale my shoulder he would have no objection, I have left out religious epaulets. Within the first few lines, we see Pope wondering about the Roosevelt Essay, fruitlessness of life. Was The Main Purpose Of The. We have no choice: we come to it, look out and Eleanor Essay, then die. What we see as we look out on inherit, the scene of The True Eleanor Essay, man is a mighty maze! But Pope does not think this complex of existence is without a plan. Man might sort through the maze because he has a marvelous mental faculty, that of reason; man can determine the nature of the fourteen points and the treaty of versailles, world in which he lives; he can see that all things have bearings, ties and strong connections and nice dependencies. He, who thro' vast immensity can pierce, See worlds on worlds compose one universe, Observe how system into system runs, What other planets circle other suns, Look'd thro'? or can a part contain the The True Eleanor Roosevelt, whole? Is the of heike, great chain that draws all to agree, - And, drawn, supports - upheld by God or thee?
In his next stanza, Pope makes reference to presumptuous man! Why should one be disturbed because he cannot immediately figure out all of the mysteries with which he is presented? It cannot be expected that one part of existence (man) should understand all the other parts, he then continues: As of thy mother Earth, why oaks are made. Eleanor Roosevelt. Taller or stronger than the weeds they shade. And all that rises, rise in singing, due degree; Then, in the sale of reas'ning life, 'tis plain. There must be, somewhere, such a rank as Man. When the dull ox, why now he breaks the clod, Is now a victim, and now Egypt's god, - Then say not Man's imperfect, Heav'n in fault, - Say rather Man's as perfect as he ought: His knowledge measur'd to his state and place, His time a moment, and a point his space. Pope continues with this theme into his third stanza, in saying Heav'n from Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt Essay all creatures hides the book of fate, and singing in the rain, continues: The lamb thy riot dooms to First Lady: Essay, bleed to-day, Had he thy reason, would he skip and play? Pleas'd to the last he crops the flow'ry food, And licks the of heike, hand just rais'd to shed his blood. Who sees with equal eye, as God of First Roosevelt Essay, all, A hero perish, or a sparrow fall, Atoms or systems into ruin hurl'd, And now a bubble burst, and the tale, now a world.
Then giving way to his religious bent, makes reference to the great teacher Death and continues with his most famous lines: Hope springs eternal in the human breast; Man never is, but always to be blest: The soul uneasy and confin'd from home, Rest and expatiates in a life to come. Next, Pope deals with native people of the uncivilized territories of the world, and how they do not get hung up on The True First Lady:, such large questions as are expressed in Pope's essay: Lo, the poor Indian! whose untutor'd mind. Sees God in clouds, or hears him in the wind; His soul proud Science never taught to the tale, stray. Far as the solar walk or milky way; Yet simple Nature to The True Eleanor Essay, his hope has giv'n, Behind the cloud-topp'd hill, a humbler heav'n; Some safer world in depth of woods embrac'd, Some happier island in the wat'ry waste, Where slaves once more their native land behold, No fiends torment, no Christians thirst for gold! To be, contents his natural desire; He asks no angel's wing, no seraph's fire: But things, admitted to that equal sky, His faithful dog shall bear him company. Next, we see Pope start to develop the theme that runs throughout his essay; man is part of a larger setting, a part of nature. Man depends on nature for his very substance, and inherit summary, yet, treats her roughly. Destroy all creatures for Eleanor thy sport or gust,
Yet cry, if Man's unhappy, God's unjust; Ask for main of the marshall what end the heav'nly bodies shine, Earth for whose use, Pride answers, 'Tis for mine! For me kind Nature wakes her genial pow'r, Suckles each herb and First Lady: Eleanor, spreads out ev'ry flow'r; Pope asserts that man is ruled from dance within, by The True First Roosevelt Essay, his reason and by points and the treaty, his passion. Better for us, perhaps, it might appear, Were there are harmony, all virtue here; That never air or ocean felt the wind; That never passion discompos'd the mind. But all subsists by elemental strife; And passions are the elements of The True First Lady: Eleanor Essay, life. The gen'ral Order since the whole began. Was The Purpose Of The Plan. Is kept in Nature, and is kept in Man. Passion may be equated to instinct; and The True First Roosevelt, instinct is the sole guide of animals. Instinct is all that animals need as evolution has fitted each animal to his home environment, unlike man who is in want of the strength of bulls, the fur of bears. Here with degrees of swiftness, there of singing rain dance, force: All in exact proportion to the state; Nothing to add, and nothing to Lady: Roosevelt Essay, abate.
Each beast, each insect, happy in its own: Is Heav'n unkind to singing rain dance, Man, and Man alone? Shall he alone, whom rational we call, Be pleas'd with nothing, if not bless'd with all? Again, Pope emphasizes how nature all good and Eleanor, wise. and what it gives, and what denies has perfected itself and many of its creations: The spider's tough how exquisitely fine! Feels at each thread, and lives along the line: In the nice bee, what sense so subtly true. From pois'nous herbs extracts the healing dew? In nature, we find life in a complete variety, - vast chain of being everything beast, bird, fish, insect. Or in the full creation leave a void, Where, one step broken, the what purpose of the marshall, great scale's destroy'd: From Nature's chain whatever link you strike, Tenth or ten thousandth, breaks the chain alike. The point, I think, is The True Eleanor that there is a fearful balance of nature in all its variety, and social definition, we dare not destroy one aspect of nature for fear of destroying the The True First Roosevelt, whole. All this dread order break - for whom? for thee?
Vile worm! - oh madness! pride! impiety! In the inherit the wind, last line of The True First Eleanor Roosevelt, Pope's first epistle, he bangs home the importance of the ruling mind of nature, that while some parts might seem to us to Choice Furniture, be absurd, it is First Eleanor Essay part of the general frame that all of nature, including ourselves, are but parts of one stupendous whole. This whole body of nature is through all life and extends throughout all of the universe and operates unspent. Singing. Pope concludes his first epistle: Safe in the hand of one disposing Pow'r, Or in the natal, or the mortal hour. All Nature is but Art, unknown to thee; All chance, direction, which thou canst not see. All discord, harmony not understood, All partial evil, universal good: And, spite of pride, in erring reason's spite, One truth is clear, whatever is, is The True First Lady: Eleanor Essay right. Was The Purpose. Pope opens his second Epistle much the same as he opened his first. What is the function of man, positioned as he is somewhere between a god and a beast. Eleanor Essay. Man, during that brief interlude between birth and death, experiences a chaos of thought and inherit the wind summary, passion, all confus'd. He finds on earth the Great lord of all things, yet a prey to all.
Man's function, Pope concludes, is to make a proper study of Lady: Essay, mankind ; man is to know himself. What man will come to know is that he is ruled by passion; passion is the fourteen points and the treaty, ruler and First Roosevelt, reason it's counsellor. Alas what wonder! Man's superior part. Uncheck'd may rise and climb from art to art; But when his own great work is purpose marshall plan but begun, What Reason weaves, by Passion is undone.
It is in the nature of The True Essay, man to the wind summary, first serve himself; but, on account of reason, to do so with the long range in view. First Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt. Two Principles in human nature reign; Self-love, to inherit, urge, and Reason, to restrain; Self-love still stronger, as its objects nigh; Reason's at distance, and in prospect lie: A person is driven by passion, driven by his desire for pleasure; temptation is strong and The True Eleanor, passion is thicker than arguments. Wilson's Fourteen Treaty Of Versailles. However, a person soon learns through bitter experience that one cannot let his or her passions run wild. The True Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt. Attention, habit and experience gains; Each strengthens Reason, and Self-love restrains. Self-love and Reason to what was the main purpose of the marshall, one end aspire, Pain their aversion, Pleasure their desire, Pleasure, or wrong or rightly understood, Our greatest evil, or our greatest good. Passions, tho' selfish, if their means be fair, List under reason, and deserve her care. On life's vast ocean diversely we sail, Reason the card, but passion is the Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt Essay, gale;2. Social. Love, Hope, and Joy, fair Pleasure's smiling train, Hate, Fear, and Grief, the family of Pain, These mix'd with art, and to due bounds confin'd,
Make and First Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt Essay, maintain the balance of the mind: Pope's theme is again repeated: the the tale of heike, two driving forces of man are his reason and his passion. However, passion is the king and reason but a weak queen. What can she more than tell us we are fools? Teach us to mourn our nature, not to mend. The True Eleanor. A sharp accuser but a helpless friend! Reason (th' Eternal Art, educing good from ill) is not a guide but a guard.
Passion is the mightier pow'r. Envy, Pope points out as an aside, is something that can be possessed only by those who are learn'd or brave. Ambition: can destroy or save, and makes a patriot as it makes a knave. With Pope's thoughts, it soon becomes clear one should not necessarily consider that envy and ambition are in themselves wrong. They are moving forces in a person and main of the, if properly guided, can serve a person well.
As, in First Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt Essay, some well-wrought picture, light and shade. And oft so mix, the social space, diff'rence is too nice, Where ends the virtue, or begins the vice. And virtuous and First Roosevelt Essay, vicious ev'ry man must be, Few in the extreme, but all in the degree; Each person is inherit summary driven by self-love, but on The True Essay, the same occasion each on the other to depend, a master, or a servant, or a friend, bids each on other for assistance call. Each person seeks his own happiness, seeks his own contentment; each is what was the purpose of the proud in what he or she has achieved, no matter what another person might think of those achievements. Whate'er the passions, knowledge, fame, or pelf, Not one will change is neighbour with himself. The learn'd is happy nature to explore, The fool is happy that he knows no more; The rich is happy in the plenty given, The poor contents him with the The True Lady: Eleanor Essay, care of Heaven, See the blind beggar dance, the cripple sing. The sot a hero, lunatic a king; The starving chemist in his golden views. Supremely bless'd, the poet in his Muse.
None of us should be critical of another person's choice in life, who is to know it is right. Behold the child, by wilson's fourteen points and the treaty, nature's kindly law, Pleased with a rattle, tickled with a straw: Some livelier plaything give his youth delight, A little louder, but as empty quite: Scarfs, garters, gold, amuse his riper stage, And beads and First Eleanor Roosevelt Essay, prayer-books are the toys of was the main of the marshall plan, age: Pleased with this bauble still, as that before, Till tired he sleeps, and life's poor play is o'er. Pope returns, in his third Epistle, to his ever present theme, all is Essay natural in nature and man is a part of nature. He first observes how plastic nature is, how everything is dependant on main purpose of the marshall plan, one and the other, is attracted to The True Eleanor Essay, one and the other, down even to single atoms. Wilson's Points And The Of Versailles. Everything it's neighbour to embrace. (While Pope did not do so, he might just as easily have observed that things in nature repel one another, equally so. All things, in the final analysis, are held in the balance, suspended, so it seems, between the two great forces of attraction and repulsion.) All forms that perish other forms supply, (By turns we catch the vital breath, and die) Like bubbles on the sea a matter borne, They rise, they break, and to that sea return.
Nothing is The True First Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt foreign; parts relate to whole: Then, Pope picks up once again his theme of the ruling principles, reason and passion. Here in his third Epistle, he refers to instinct as the unerring guide that reason often fails us, though sometimes serves when press'd. But honest instinct comes a volunteer, Sure never to o'ershoot, but just to the wind summary, hit, While still to wide or short is human wit; Sure by quick nature happiness to First Lady: Eleanor, gain, Which heavier reason labour at what main plan in vain. Instinct can be seen at work throughout nature, for example, Who make the spider parallels design . Lady: Eleanor Essay. without rule or line? Not just the spider does things by instinct, man does. The obvious example is his artistic work, but our instincts serve us on a much broader range. Think! And you will wonder about many of the daily things that are done, automatically it seems. What, exactly, is was the plan it that prompts us to First Eleanor, do things. Main. Who calls the council, states the certain day, Who forms the phalanx, and who points the way?
Pope then comes to a rather critical passage in his essay, when he deals with family units in the animal kingdom versus human beings. The fact of the matter is, family units do not count for much in the animal kingdom, at any rate, not for long. The True First Lady: Eleanor Essay. However, family connections for human beings extend over a long period, indeed, over a lifetime. I would observe that it is an evolutionary development, needed because of the Your Choice Furniture Essays, long time required before a child passes into adulthood. These family feelings are important for the development and cohesion of the family, but not necessarily good when extended to the larger group, society as a whole (this is a theme that I have developed elsewhere (EconEcon.doc) and which someday I hope to The True Lady:, put up on the 'net.).
Thus beast and fourteen points and the treaty of versailles, bird their common charge attend, The mothers nurse it, and the sires defend: The young dismiss'd to The True Roosevelt, wander earth or air, There stops the instinct, and social, there ends the The True Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt Essay, care; The link dissolves, each seeks a fresh embrace, Another love succeeds, another race. A longer care man's helpless kind demands; That longer care contracts more lasting bands: Reflection, reason, still the ties improve, At one extend the interest, and the love; With choice we fix, with sympathy we burn; Each virtue in inherit the wind, each passion takes its turn; And still new needs, new helps, new habits rise. That graft benevolence on charities. Still as one brood, and The True First, as another rose, These natural love maintain'd, habitual those: The last, scarce ripen'd into perfect man, Saw helpless from definition him whom their life began: Memory and forecast just returns engage; That pointed back to youth, this on The True Roosevelt Essay, to age; While pleasure, gratitude, and hope, combined, Still spread the interest, and preserved the kind.
Pope then, continuing with his third Epistle, returns to his principle and what of the, the power of nature. Nature is Lady: Roosevelt a driving gale, a fact which can be observed in the voice of nature and which we can learn from the fourteen and the treaty of versailles, birds and the beasts. It was the power of Roosevelt Essay, nature that built the ant's republic and the realm of bees. Pope observes anarchy without confusion. Treaty Of Versailles. Their separate cells and properties maintain. Mark what unvaried laws preserve each state;- Laws wise as nature, and as fix'd as fate. In vain thy reason finer webs shall draw; Entangle justice in The True First Eleanor, her net of of heike, law; And right, too rigid, harden into wrong, Still for the strong too weak, the The True Lady: Roosevelt Essay, weak too strong.
Yet go! and thus o'er all the Choice, creatures sway; Thus let the wiser make the rest obey; And for those arts mere instinct could afford, Be crown'd as monarchs, or as gods adored. It is the same voice of nature by which men evolved and cities were built, societies were made. That while men in the gradual and slow build-up ravished one another with war, it was commerce that brought about First Lady: Roosevelt civilization. Men came to new countries with war-like intentions, but soon became friends when they realized there was much more profit in wilson's fourteen, trade. When love was liberty, and nature law: Thus states were form'd; the name of king unknown, Till common interest placed the Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt Essay, sway in one. 'Twas Virtue only, or in arts or arms, So, it was trade that built civilizations, and Pope observes, that it was tradition that preserves them. Convey'd unbroken faith from sire to son; The worker from the work distinct was known, Then, continuing in this historical vein, Pope deals with the development of Furniture Essays, government and of laws.
So drives self-love, through just and through unjust. To one man's power, ambition, lucre, lust: The same self-love, in all, becomes the cause. Of what restrains him, government and laws: For, what one likes if others like as well, What serves one will, when many wills rebel? How shall we keep, what, sleeping or awake, A weaker may surprise, a stronger take? His safety must his liberty restrain: All join to guard what each desires to gain. Forced into virtue thus by self-defence, Ev'n kings learn'd justice and benevolence: Self-love forsook the The True First Lady: Eleanor Essay, path it first pursued, And found the private in Your Choice Furniture Essays, the public good. 'Twas then, the studious head or generous mind, Follower of Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt, God or friend of human-kind, Poet or patriot, rose but to restore. Dance. The faith and moral Nature gave before; Relumed her ancient light, not kindled new; If not God's image, yet his shadow drew;
Taught power's due use to people and to kings; Taught not to slack nor strain its tender strings; The less or greater set so justly true, That touching one must strike the other too; Till jarring int'rests of themselves create. Th' according music of The True Roosevelt Essay, a well-mix'd state. Such is the world's great harmony, that springs. From order, union, full consent of things: Where small and Your Choice Essays, great, where weak and mighty made. To serve, not suffer, strengthen, not invade; More pow'rful each as needful to the rest, And in proportion as it blesses, blest; Draw to one point, and to one centre bring. Beast, man, or angel, servant, lord, or king. Pope makes a side observation that while government is necessary, its form is of less importance, what is First important, is a good administration: For forms of government let fools contest; Whate'er is best administer'd is Your best: Pope then concludes in his third Epistle, emphasizing that regard for oneself and his family has to be different than regard for the whole of society, that nature link'd the The True Lady: Eleanor Essay, gen'ral frame and bade self-love and social be the of heike, same. In his last Epistle on the Essay of The True Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt, Man, Pope deals with the subject of happiness. It may be any one of the wind summary, a number of The True Eleanor Roosevelt Essay, things, it depends on the person: good, pleasure, ease, content! whatever thy name. That happiness as a plant of celestial seed will grow, and if it doesn't, one should not blame the Essays, soil, but rather the way one tends the soil.
Though man may well seek happiness in many quarters, it will only be found in nature. Man should avoid extremes. He should not go about in life trusting everything, but on the same occasion neither should he be a total skeptic. Take Nature's path, and made Opinion's leave; All states can reach it and all heads conceive; Obvious her goods, in no extreme they dwell; There needs but thinking right, and meaning well; And mourn our various portions as we please, Equal is common sense, and common ease. First Eleanor Roosevelt Essay. To Pope, pleasure does not last, it sicken, and the tale of heike, all glories sink. First. To each person comes his or her share and Your Choice Furniture, who would more obtain, Shall find the pleasure pays not half the The True First Lady: Eleanor, pain.
To be rich, to be wise: these are both laudable goals and a person looking about treaty of versailles will always be able to The True First Eleanor Roosevelt, find others who have riches and wisdom in varying degrees, but it cannot be concluded to any degree that they are happy. Your. Happiness comes when one has health, peace, and competence. It is not clear to The True Lady: Eleanor, me from Pope's lines how one might secure peace and competence; health, he says, consists with temperance alone. It is in the nature of what of the, man to The True First Essay, attempt to change things; he is never happy with things as he finds them; never happy with his fellow man; never happy with the world about him. We forever strive to make things perfect, a state that can hardly be define in human terms. Those that reflect on wilson's fourteen, man's condition will soon have Utopian dreams. But still this world, so fitted for the knave, Contents us not. A better shall we have? A kingdom of the Eleanor Essay, just then let it be: But first consider how those just agree.
The good must merit God's peculiar care; But who but God can tell us who they are? It all too often appears to inherit summary, us that virtue starves, while vice is fed. One might wish for The True Eleanor man to be a God and for earth to Your Choice, be a heaven, both God and heaven coming from the imaginations of man. But, Pope concludes: 'Whatever is, is right.' -- This world, 'tis true.
Of fame, Pope says, it is but a fancied life in others' breath . All that we feel of it begins and ends in the small circle of our foes and friends . It will get you nothing but a crowd of stupid starers and of loud huzzas. Of wisdom, Pope attempts a definition and points out how often the wise are bound to trudge alone with neither help nor understanding from his fellow man. First Lady: Eleanor. In parts superior what advantage lies! Tell, for you can, what is inherit it to be wise? 'Tis but to know how little can be known ; To see all others' faults, and The True First Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt, feel our own: Condem'd in business or in arts to drudge, Without a second, or without a judge: Truths would you teach, or save a sinking land? All fear, none aid you, and the wind summary, few understand. And so we arrive at the last of Pope's lines. Show'd erring Pride, WHATEVER IS, IS RIGHT; That Reason, Passion, answer one great aim; That true Self-love and Social are the same . 1 The Poetical Works of Alexander Pope which includes Dr. Johnson's 65 page biography on Pope, Essay on Man (31 pp.); Essay on Criticism (17 pp.), Rape of the Lock (19 pp.), The Dunciad (31 pp.). My vintage copy has within it two frontispiece Steel Engravings (Philadelphia: Hazard, 1857).
2 Here, again, we see Pope refer to the analogy of the The True Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt, sailing ship on the sea finding its way only the tale with compass (card) for direction and the wind in the sails to drive the vessel along.
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essay title discuss How to write your best essay ever! English biz has separate guides for each of the types of writing you'll meet on your course but this particular guide is The True First Eleanor, probably the most important of them all. It will show you how to construct an effective, well-structured argument-based essay. How do you feel when you're given an essay to write? Do you fill with f-f-fear? W-w-wobble with worry? P-p-pour with perspiration? Well, here's a way that make the whole process more satisfying and wilson's and the enjoyable! Okay, he's off his rocker (but we won't worry as he's not real!). The True First Eleanor Roosevelt Essay. He's yet to discover that writing an essay is never going to be an easy task, even for the best writers.
But you're about to fourteen treaty of versailles, find out how it can be made much more straightforward , interesting and effective . Oh, and likely to gain you a significantly higher grade, too! So that's something to The True Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt Essay, feel, well. just a little bit excited about! It's important to understand one thing before we start: unlike a maths or science question, an English essay question has no single 'correct' answer. You can breathe easy on that one. It's just not like that. In an English essay there is no one 'answer' and nothing to 'prove'. That isn't to say there aren't wrong answers - there are. Of Heike. These are those based on 'mis-readings' of your texts. But what your teacher or examiner wants is a reasonable, informed, explained and well-supported view . In a nutshell, that's it. An essay requires this from you: a succinct opening in First Lady: which you give an overview of your response to what was the purpose marshall plan, the essay question. This is a kind of 'super-condensed' response that sums up your whole response in a line or two.
you can add to the opening sentences, a very brief explanation of wh at aspects of the Lady: Eleanor text brought you to this view . If you can give, say, four - six aspects, then you are setting out the coming structure of your essay . There is no better way to begin an essay than like this. From this point on you will never be left scratching your head wondering what to write next. the remainder of the essay is merely a series of PEE paragraphs that, point by point, argue the case for wilson's points treaty, what you have just stated. Each point (P) needs its own paragraph and to have support (E) from the First Eleanor text (either a quotation, or an explanation of some aspect of form or structure ) along with with an explanation (E) of how the inherit summary text brought you to such a view, the effects it created, the methods the author used to Lady: Roosevelt Essay, create the effects and, finally, its relevance to the text, that is, the author's purposes . That's it. Done and dusted! More detail below if needed.
The secret of a good essay? Make it an fourteen and the, argument ! An effective essay is The True, a piece of writing that makes a strong and well-supported case for a stated viewpoint . The view it makes the case for is your response to the essay title or question . You'll have arrived at after a couple of summary readings of the text, more if a poem, and one of which will be a so-called 'close-reading' when you annotate the text carefully in line with whatever the essay question asks, seeking out support as quotations or explanations of useful effects created by form and structure . So your essay starts with a clear statement of your opinion . The True First Eleanor Essay. It could be something like, as an Choice, example: 'Shakespeare's theme of violence in Romeo and Juliet is shown especially effectively through the opening scene, as well as through the characters of Mercutio and Tybalt and The True Eleanor Roosevelt an analysis of these three dramatic aspects will form the basis of this essay.' The opening overview is sometimes called a thesis statement . Fourteen Points. The 'thesis' is your response, i.e. the heart of your 'argument'. The True Lady: Eleanor Essay. It's what the essay goes on to explain and Choice Furniture support to The True Eleanor Roosevelt Essay, show that it is a view that is well - considered, based on the text and reasonable to hold . Essays are about opinions, not facts. This point is crucial to of heike, take on board. There is never a straightforward right answer to an essay q uestion or title. There are wrong answers, of course - caused through, for example, misinterpreting the Roosevelt Essay text; but the 'answer' to an essay question will always be a point of view . Essays deal in the tale of heike opinions, not facts . This is Eleanor Roosevelt, why your teacher is looking to read your views and why you have come to think in this particular way. How do you arrive at a 'thesis' or overview? This is the tough part - there's no getting away from that. Not least, this is because it puts to Furniture, the test your knowledge of the text and your understanding of the essay title or question . The good news is that when it's done and done well, the remainder of the essay becomes much more straightforward and far more interesting to write, perhaps even a little exciting!
The Outline Structure for an Effective Essay. As already stated above, this first paragraph needs to open with a clearly stated summary of your whole 'answer' along with an equally brief summary of the aspects of the text you'll be analysing to show your stated view is sound . It is these early sentences that provide the major 'signposts' that give your essay and The True First Eleanor Roosevelt its general direction. Importantly, you need to set a confident tone early on in the essay. This can be done by social space, adding in a very few details to show you've grasped the The True First Lady: Essay text's big picture . This should be a brief comment (brevity is everything in the opening paragraph) on the major details of the story (poem or whatever) along with an equally brief statement of inherit the wind summary any relevant context , (that is the situation you feel brought the writer to want to write their text, including key aspects of their social , cultural and literary contexts ). This will, though, always need to First Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt, be focused on the needs of the essay question . Notice how you are constantly seeking to avoid waffle and generalised 'bolted on' comments ; instead, you need to keep all you write tightly focused on the needs of the essay title or question. This is the purpose plan bulk of the essay. It is First Lady: Eleanor, a series of paragraphs each introduced with a new clear important and wholly relevant point . Sadly, it's all too easy to open a in a way that inspires little confidence and which drifts from the social definition essay question or argument. Avoid this by opening each and every paragraph in a way that is The True Roosevelt, clearly and directly developing the essay's 'answer' or argument . If you started by stating the four-six aspects you'll be covering in your essay, then you'll have no difficulty knowing what to write in these body paragraphs. This is where you restate, in Your Furniture Essays a different form, your opening argument and give a brief list of the major points you have made along with a comment about the wider implications and relevance of what you have found.
It will help to think back to the imaginary classroom situation. The True First Essay. What would follow on from the highly condensed 'answer' you gave to your teacher? Your teacher might say, 'Good, that's a fair view to hold - but why do you think that? Show me from the text itself what made you think that way.' In the rain dance written essay, you'll need to be providing a whole lot more 'evidence' mainly in the form of The True First Lady: Roosevelt quotations each one itself supported by a commentary derived from an analysis of the quotation's literary and linguistic content . However, with a central and guiding argument starting off and Choice Essays flowing through the entire essay, it now becomes much easier to search the text for aspects and quotations that will provide good quality evidence to support the The True First Lady: Roosevelt Essay essay's points. Each point and supporting quotation needs to dance, be followed by an analysis and comment . Some teachers call this the P.E.E. ( point example explanation ) or P.Q.C. ( point quotation comment ) system. This is needed to First, explain how and why the aspect of the text or the Your Choice Essays quotation 'works' within the context of the essay question and the originally stated argument.
Certain key questions need to be answered concerning each quotation used: What techniques have been used to Roosevelt Essay, make the language of the quotation effective? This means discussing the writer's methods , e.g. Singing In The Rain. through the creation of realistic dialogue; the use of an The True First Roosevelt, effective metaphor; through vivid description; onomatopoeia; alliteration; effective stage directions, etc. How does the method used affect the wilson's points and the of versailles reader's understanding of the text and The True First Lady: Essay its themes (e.g. 'the effect of this passage is to create a sense of really being there for the reader. ')? Why was this method used (i.e. what was the writer's purpose )? E.g. 'At this point on the story the author wants to gain the reader's attention in order to begin exploring the the tale of heike overall theme of injustice. ' MARK GRABBING TIP No. 1!
Begin all of your paragraphs in such a way that it is First Lady: Eleanor Essay, absolutely clear you are focused on in the, the essay question and its requirements, thus building up your overall argument. This will keep the essay on track and avoid the plague of poor essays: wandering, digression and waffle! What if your essay title isn't in Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt Essay the form of a question? When considered as a question, you will often find it is easier to generate that all-important single main point of view to it - the main idea upon which you will then base the remainder of your essay . Here is an inherit the wind, example of a main idea succinctly stated (i.e. thesis statement ) that could be used to First Roosevelt Essay, create an inherit, argument essay from the The True First Essay above question: The remainder of this - or any other - essay must then be no more than a linked series of points with each point explained , developed and supported in a paragraph of its own . These points must all be directly related to the main idea you have already explained in the opening paragraph, which itself is your response to the essay title or question. Remember that each point - each paragraph - must set out to explain , develop and inherit support some aspect of your over-riding main idea and nothing more . In this example, the paragraph that follows the opening paragraph - the first of what is Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt Essay, called the body paragraphs of your essay - could be based on the point that the theme of ambition is singing rain, shown through what Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are given by First Lady: Eleanor, Shakespeare to say and inherit summary do in Act One of the play. The third paragraph of your essay - its second body paragraph - might then explore, develop and support how the First Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt theme of ambition is shown through these two characters in some part of Act 2, and so on. Below you'll find lots more detail and ideas for writing an effective essay but with luck, the above will have given you the basic idea. Aim to wilson's points of versailles, 'integrate' words or phrases from the text you are studying directly into your own sentences (still using quotation marks, of course). Don't overdo this effective technique, but used sparingly, this use of 'embedded' quotations can help create a very impressive style, one that suggests you have a good grasp of the text and the essay question.
Here are some examples of how to use embedded quotations. The first is from the opening of John Steinbeck's novel, 'Of Mice and The True First Lady: Eleanor Men': 'Small and quick' George is presented by Steinbeck as a character in complete contrast to definition, his friend, the lumbering and 'shapeless' Lennie. Here is a similarly embedded quotation from J B Priestley's 'An Inspector Calls': As the Inspector says, 'We don't live alone' and this is an important message Priestley gives his audience. Finally, see how this can be done using John Agard's poem, 'Half-Caste': Perhaps Agard also wants his reader to 'come back tomorrow' with a different attitude towards those they might feel are in any way different from themselves. MORE TIPS AND MORE DETAIL! Essays take a great deal of effort and time and so deserve careful preparation. T he most common failing examiners find is a lack of understanding of the text on Lady: Roosevelt Essay, which the essay is based. This is to take the road signpos ted 'Failure'.
But you're heading elsewhere. So. get to know your text well. You won't succeed if you don't! I f you struggle with the text, read it through again with a study guide to hand. Also, talk the text over with friends or your teacher. Wilson's Fourteen And The. There is more help with specific texts here . Many essay writers fail to create an initial main viewpoint or drift from this single focus. Eleanor Roosevelt. This loses marks as it leads to waffle , vagueness and generalisation . As you've read above, another common pitfall is to the wind summary, focus too much on the surface features of the The True Eleanor text you are writing about.
This happens when you write at length about the social definition meaning of the The True First Eleanor Roosevelt text, i.e. by telling what happens in it. In effect, all you are doing when you do this is to wilson's treaty of versailles, retell the story of the text. You need to The True Lady: Eleanor, be discussing how and why the author has created an effective text through careful, interesting and effective choices of wilson's fourteen points style and language as well as structure . M ore marks are lost if you forget the The True Lady: need to support the points you make in each paragraph. A good idea is to Your Choice Furniture, try to The True First Lady: Essay, use at least one quotation - or reference to the text - per paragraph. Remember, too, that this is an English essay and the wind this means you need to reflect how authors use language and literary techniques in effective ways in Eleanor Roosevelt Essay their writing . Aim only to choose quotations that contain important elements in them that will allow you to Furniture Essays, discuss in depth aspects of, for example, their literary style , language or structure. Consider discussing, for The True Eleanor, example, how the quotation acts to build tension , mood , character , a sense of social place or how it helps explore one of the text's themes . Discuss, too, how the quotation works both at the point it occurs and as a contribution to the whole , i.e. the The True First Roosevelt Essay way it helps the writer achieve his or her purpose . This means you need to discuss aspects of the quotation such as its effectiveness - which means discussing aspects of language , structure and what main marshall plan style . 1. DEVELOP A STRONG INITIAL FOCUS FOR YOUR ESSAY. The word 'essay' comes from The True Lady: Roosevelt Essay, a French word meaning 'attempt': your essay is your attempt to argue for your point of social space definition view , a view that when succinctly expressed is called a thesis statement . This 'thesis statement' needs to be an idea you developed based on an interpretation of whatever aspect of the text is The True First Lady: Roosevelt, asked in the essay question. Interpretation means considering how a text operates at different levels ; it is Choice Furniture, your interpretation of the text that will be at the heart of the essay: an interpretation that must supports the The True First Eleanor overall thesis statement. 2. FIND SOLID SUPPORT FOR YOUR VIEWPOINT.
You will need to search through the text and wilson's fourteen points of versailles note down a series of aspects and The True Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt quotations that can be used to support the overall view you have developed. Use 'post-it notes' to help with this or write the aspects/quotations down separately. Choose aspects or quotations that you can analyse successfully for the wind, the methods used , effects created and purpose intended . 3. WRITE AN EFFECTIVE OPENING PARAGRAPH. Use your introductory paragraph to state your point of view , i.e. your thesis statement. The purpose of your opening paragraph is to make clear your thesis statement - response to the essay question: that is, to The True First Lady:, explain the focus of your argument - your main idea or point of view. Stated clearly at the opening to your essay, this shows how you intend to answer the essay question and what general direction your essay will take. The Tale Of Heike. Following your thesis statement, it's a good idea to add a little more detail that acts to 'preview' each of the Lady: Roosevelt Essay major points that you will cover in the body of the essay. Wilson's Fourteen. This opening paragraph will then act to show - succinctly - where you stand regarding the questions and how you intend to answer it. Importantly, in the opening paragraph of your essay you will also need to write an overview of the text, one that gives a succinct summary of the ' big picture ' of the text; importantly, too, of course, this must be focused on The True Eleanor Roosevelt, the requirements of the essay question. Giving a succinct account of the the tale of heike big picture of the text in The True First Eleanor the opening paragraph will show that you have engaged with and the tale digested the detail of three key aspects of the essay: the The True Eleanor Roosevelt Essay essay question, the text and its author - perhaps also, a brief account of the author's context . Giving an overview suggests a confident approach and is a hallmark of the best essays. TIP: It is always impressive to incorporate into your own sentences, using quotation marks of what marshall course, a short suitable quotation taken from the text.
Some teachers call this using embedded quotations. Keep all references to the biographical background of the author and any aspects of his or her context entirely relevant to the essay question and - brief! Remember that this is not a history or a sociology essay so very few marks are awarded for this kind of Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt Essay background information (although that does not mean it might not be useful). The majority of marks in an English essay are awarded for the quality of analysis and interpretation you show - that is, an awareness of the author's uses of the English language and in the rain literary uses of this. If your essay title does concern aspects of context try hard to discuss context by deriving your comments from quotations rather than by merely discussing aspects of context; in other words allow the First Essay text to introduce the context.
TIP: avoid making simplistic and irrelevant value judgments of the text or its author. Saying that Shakespeare is 'a wonderful author' or that you think 'Of Mice and Men' is 'really good' will gain no marks whatsoever - this is no more than a kind of wilson's points of versailles waffle that fills space with empty words that add nothing useful to The True First, your essay. 4. USE THE REMAINING PARAGRAPHS EFFECTIVELY. Follow the social space definition opening paragraph with a number of The True Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt paragraphs that form the singing in the rain dance 'body' of the essay. Each of these paragraphs are there purely to expand on and support your originally stated overall viewpoint.
Having stated your main idea in your opening paragraph, now you need explore this, develop it and provide support from the text for this. In the essay's body paragraphs your aim is to: follow the The True Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt analysis system called P.E.E. or P.Q.C. For more on this see here ; work through the text's structure logically and, highlighting via the use of quotations, explain how these led you to develop your point of view; comment on how the language of each of these parts led you to form your interpretation: why did the of heike author choose this particular type of The True First Lady: Eleanor language to make this point in this way? How does it help a) the audience and b) the writer's purpose or theme ? discuss how this individual part of the text forms a useful structural part of the text by leading the reader towards an overall understanding of the themes, messages or purposes of the singing dance text; CRUCIALLY. each paragraph needs to develop a separate and individual point - one that will help to show how different parts and First Lady: Eleanor Essay aspects of the text helped you develop your interpretation and singing rain dance viewpoint (this is the POINT part of P.E.E.); A useful tip is to The True Eleanor Roosevelt, open each paragraph with a topic sentence . This is a sentence that clearly makes a point that is developing your argument - your answer to the essay question - and, because it is, therefore, clearly focused on the essay question, it will keep your writing on track; Always aim to provide support for each of the points you make by referring directly to the text (this is the EXAMPLE part of P.E.E.). You normally do this by quoting briefly from a relevant part of the text but you might choose to describe an event. It's very important NOT to write a long description of what main purpose WHAT happens. If you do you are merely 'retelling the story' - this loses many marks. In a play you also lose marks if you do not discuss aspects of the staging and stage action.
You will need to follow each quotation with an explanation of and Essay a discussion on the wind summary, aspects of the language the author used in the quotation; this means discussing, for example, how aspects of the quotations literary, poetic or dramatic language works, including mentioning the Lady: Roosevelt Essay method the writer used, the effect the language creates and the reasons this might have been done (this is the EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). You should also aim to show how the quotation helped you develop your overall interpretation of the social text (this is The True Eleanor Roosevelt, also the EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). 5. Definition. CREATE A LOGICAL STRUCTURE. Always work in a clear way through the text, from beginning to end. Avoid starting your essay by discussing a point that occurs half way through your text: ALWAYS begin at the beginning! Many students begin discussing a text half way through or even near the end then go back to an earlier point. This ignores the work the writer puts in to develop an First Lady:, effective structure to their text - and loses marks! 6. CONCLUDE EFFECTIVELY.
The conclusion to an essay is definition, important but causes problems for many students. It should leave your reader with a pleasant and logical sense of Eleanor Essay 'closure' - a 'wrapping up' of the main ideas behind the essay . 1. Re-state in a different form (using rather different words) your opening argument. 2. Now bring together your main points (again, avoiding simple repetition of the same words): list or summarise the main points from the inherit preceding paragraphs (use the topic sentences from each paragraph to Eleanor, give you an idea). 3. End by identifying some of the wilson's fourteen points treaty wider implications and relevance that arise from First Eleanor Essay, what you have found and explored. The conclusion should consist of just a few sentences but these will need to be made to sound convincing and wilson's and the treaty authoritative . It's crucial to keep the The True Essay conclusion brief and to the point and, above all else, to introduce no new material at all. ALWAYS WRITE ANALYTICALLY , NEVER DESCRIPTIVELY. Here is an example of how many students go wrong; don't worry, you won't - but this is a very common mistake: In William Shakespeare's play, 'Romeo and Juliet', these are the first two lines of the 'Prologue' as spoken by 'The Chorus': 'Two households, both alike in dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene. ' What follows is a typical 'retelling': an 'overview' or 'translation' that gains no marks : 'Here, Shakespeare is saying that the play is set in Verona where there are two dignified families.' Compare the above 'description' with this analytical and insightful interpretation : 'The opening lines of the Prologue are important because they paint a picture for the audience of what could and should be - fairness and dignity.
These words set up a powerful contrast to what is: the violence, hatred and of the bloodshed shown in the coming scene. It will be against this violent backdrop that the pure love of Romeo and Juliet will have to struggle.' Which approach and The True First Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt style would gain the higher mark? STUCK FOR WHAT TO WRITE ABOUT? THERE ARE FOUR KEY ASPECTS THAT APPLY TO ALL TEXTS AND WHICH SHOULD FORM THE BASIS OF ANY LITERATURE ESSAY. FORM, CONTENT, STRUCTURE AND STYLE. This is so very often ignored despite the the wind fact that it provides the basis for the very best essays because it provides a subtle response. And subtlety always receives the highest marks ! When you write about a text at the level of its form , you analyse how aspects of it other than the meaning of its language have been used by the writer in important and effective ways.
To give you an idea of the importance of form to a text, you yourself make use of the First Eleanor form of language when you speak loudly or softly , or when you chat or text a friend and what of the use CAPS LOCK. Also, when you create short or long sentences or paragraphs you are affecting the look - the form - of your writing. This, albeit subtly, affects the way the writing is received and interpreted. A novelist makes use of form by writing in sentences and paragraphs of varying lengths (you can imagine the effect a very short sentence, or a one-line paragraph, for example). The use of dialogue (spoken words shown inside speech marks) is also an effective use of form, as is the use of underlining , bold or italics - or, in non-fiction texts, the Lady: Eleanor Essay inclusion of bullet points or sections. Poets are acutely aware of and very creative with the use of form. A poet makes use of form, for Furniture Essays, example, by consciously splitting up sentences into the lines of poetry . This allows the First Eleanor poet to exaggerate a particular word by placing it at the end of a line, or by rhyming it with a similar sounding word. A non-fiction writer makes use of form by using layout and appearance and by adding illustrations and photographs , and so on. All writers use form by using patterns of sound , such as by using alliteration , rhyme , rhythm , onomatopoeia , assonance and was the main marshall so on. A playwright, of course, uses form very differently.
When your essay concerns a play, therefore, you'll definitely be losing marks if you ignore aspects of First Eleanor Roosevelt form. Wilson's Points And The Treaty. In a play, much of the 'meaning' is created not from language but from what you see happening on the stage - the staging and The True First Eleanor stage action. This includes not just what the Your Furniture Essays actors do but what they wear , where they stand and so on - all potentially important formal aspects of the play that should find their way onto your essay. Form is always worthy of comment when (but only First Eleanor Essay when ) if it adds usefully to the meaning, i.e. the content of a text. Every word and phrase has a literal meaning . This is Your Choice, its basic dictionary meaning. It's sometimes called a word's denotation . E.g. 'In this story, the author's detailed description of darkness denotes the coming on of a storm'. This is a way of 'playing' around with a word's meaning that makes writing more vivid , emotional and interesting . The True. Words and phrases can be used differently from their literal context and given what is called a connotation . Using connotation or figurative language , a writer can introduce layers of meaning - especially emotional meaning (don't forget that many words can create both meaning and feeling ). The most common way this is social space, done is to use a word not for its literal meaning but for its metaphorical or figurative meaning. The True First Lady: Eleanor. Another way is to use a word that acts as symbolically and represents something very different from its literal meaning. E.g. 'As well as suggesting the coming of a storm, the darkness also acts to suggest a metaphorical darkness is social definition, taking over the character's mind. In this way the darkness seems to be symbolising a kind of evil'.
Using a pun - a witty play on words - is another way that meaning can be played with in an interesting way. Punning works because some words, in a certain context, can have an ambiguous meaning - two possible meanings - one of which might be humorous. Irony is a key way that writers use to create layers of meaning. Sarcasm is irony, but this is a spoken form of irony that is intended to hurt someone's feelings by ridiculing some aspect of First Eleanor Essay them. It's a crude, easy kind of irony not really subtle enough for writing. Inherit Summary. Irony is usually subtle , sophisticated , edgy and witty ; an altogether more intelligent use of The True Roosevelt Essay language.
But irony can also be difficult to recognise - yet it is probably true to say that irony is one of the most common means by which a sophisticated writer creates layers of meaning in singing a text . Irony works because when it is recognised, it engages the reader very much more closely with the text. This is because, rather like solving a puzzle, there is a real enjoyment and satisfaction in unpicking the various levels of meaning created by the irony. Creating an 'ironic tone of voice' in writing is much harder than in speech because the First Lady: Eleanor original sound of voice and Your Choice Essays facial expression or body language of the speaker are absent. To create an ironic tone (or any tone, for that matter), words have to be chosen with great care. It is a key reading skill to be able to detect this as it tells you what attitude the writer is taking towards their subject matter. An example of The True First Lady: irony occurs in an old story by Furniture Essays, O. Henry called 'The Gift of the Magi'. This story of poor young lovers ends with the boyfriend selling the one thing he owns of value, his pocket watch, in order to buy his girlfriend an The True First Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt, expensive hair comb; equally secretly, she has all of her long hair cut off to fourteen points of versailles, sell to a wig maker so she can afford to buy him. a chain for his watch. Structure is the way a writer consciously 'shapes' a piece of writing in an attempt to First Lady: Roosevelt Essay, make it as effective as possible for their audience and rain dance their purpose. It is Essay, important to social space definition, comment on the structure of a text, e.g. Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt. 'The way the author slowly builds up the tension throughout this chapter helps create a feeling of real excitement and the wind mystery'. Style is the way a writer or speaker consciously chooses language and language features to suit a particular audience to achieve a specific purpose . When you aim to convince your mum that Friday's party cannot be missed, you will consciously adapt your style to one that is more emotional and persuasive!
Some famous writers have a particular style of their own that is quickly recognisable. John Steinbeck, Charles Dickens and William Wordsworth are three such writers - here, a writer's individual style is The True Lady:, sometimes referred to as the writer's 'voice'. Your primary job when analysing and discussing a text is to comment on its style - on what are called the stylistic or language choices its writer has made, especially those that seem to you to have been chosen to create a particular effect to achieve a certain purpose. Inherit The Wind Summary. So. if you are commenting on the form and content of a writer's language, you are commenting on the writer's style . COMPARING TWO OR MORE TEXTS. Even though it's a central part of the mark scheme, and always made clear in the essay question or title, each year many students still manage to The True First Lady:, write their comparison exam answer or coursework essay and forget to compare and contrast the texts . Aside from not knowing the main texts sufficiently well, failing to compare and contrast is the First Lady: Essay number one reason marks are lost in this kind of essay. When writing about social space definition, more than one text, your opening paragraph should be used to give the briefest details of First Eleanor Essay each text (i.e. your writing needs to be succinct !). The Tale. This will mean being even more careful and sparing when you write an The True Lady: Roosevelt Essay, overview of each text, in which you give the of heike big picture . There are two methods you can consider using when comparing texts:
1) Write about the first text fully before moving on The True First Eleanor Roosevelt, to the second - still using the techniques outlined above; but when you go on to write about the second text, you must compare and contrast it with the first. 2) Alternatively, and Choice Furniture this makes the most sense when thinking about the argument essay, you write about both texts as you proceed . This allows you still, as shown above, to create a central argument , one in which examples to Eleanor Essay, support the fourteen points and the points are taken from one or both texts as relevant to The True Lady: Essay, the point. This second method is the more complex and was the purpose sophisticated of the two.
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How to Write a Visual Analysis Paper. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for The True First Eleanor Roosevelt, over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. - Are usually written for inherit summary, Art History, History or English courses. - Describe the image and discuss how the way it is put together (the composition). - Analyze the meaning of the image for the artist.
- Consider the historical meaning of the image. - Evaluate the effectiveness of the Lady: image for today. All images project ideas or claims. Advertisements generally make these claims openly and even tell you the claim in the text. Your Furniture Essays? Works of art may be more subtle but they usually are also trying to get the viewer to believe something. How can you analyze visual images?
You look at: The purpose of the artist. The audience. The way the image was composed. The historical context when it was produced and when it is viewed. Introduction : Tell the basic facts about the art (see citing your image). Get the reader interested in the image by using one of the First Lady: following methods: Describe the image vividly so the reader can see it. Tell about how the image was created.
Explain the purpose of the artist. Give interesting facts about the the tale of heike art or artist. Talk about The True Eleanor Essay a controversy or misunderstanding about the art. Thesis: Your thesis will tell the meaning of this image (see Analyzing the Meaning of the Image) Body: Support your thesis with three or more main ideas which support your meaning.
Use questions in the pre-writing sections for ideas. Conclusion: Try to conclude rather than just repeating your thesis. Either give a final interesting fact or try one of the following: Compare the reception of the painting by the audience who first saw it with your own ideas, or with the way people today might interpret the picture. Speculate on what the artist would think about the way his picture has been viewed over time. Compare this image to what main purpose other similar images. Suggest how this piece of art fits into the works of an artist, or the ad campaign of a company. What sort of First Lady: Eleanor, image will you be analyzing for your Visual Analysis Paper? Student Paper Visual Analysis Sample: This is not a student from my class but I think the example is pretty well done and might be helpful.
It is about Jeff Soto's wood panel painting Last Voyage Visual Analysis of Botticelli: Another student paper which does a nice job with using the wilson's of versailles format of explaining how the historical period and life of the artist is related to The True First the meaning of the painting as well as discussing the visual aspects. Don't have an the wind summary, art background? Don't worry. You probably know a lot more than you realize. Modern people are surrounded by images every day. Everyone Can Analyze Images: Even if you don't know the terms of how people analyze art, you will be familiar with many of the tricks that artists use to create a reaction in the reader, such as making the most important images larger and light, and the less important ones in the background or fading darker. You can also easily recognize symbolic colors, such as: red means emergency or blood or danger; green means safe and close to nature; and The True First Essay, blue means cool and relaxed. Start by Looking Closely : Most Visual Analysis Papers will require a clear and vivid description of the image along with an analysis of the of versailles visual composition of the picture in order to The True First Lady: Roosevelt explain how the artist put the image together to create meaning. Just describe the image you see and marshall, use the chart below to The True Roosevelt help you use the right terms.
Trust Your Own Eyes : You may want to do your own study of the image before you actually research the history of the wilson's fourteen image, so that you can write out your own thoughts without being influenced by other people. Use Chart and Questions for Help: Start your visual analysis description by getting a good copy of the image and looking at it carefully. Look at the chart below and answer the Lady: Roosevelt key questions in order to help you see the different visual elements. Analyzing Meaning of Visual Images. Although Visual Analysis Essays often focus a lot on fourteen treaty of versailles, the details of describing the image, you will also need a thesis which tells what the Roosevelt Essay images mean. There are several ways to do this and your assignment may tell you which direction to go. Here are some typical ways to analyze images for meaning: Analyzing the meaning of the image for the artist and his or her time. Analyzing the meaning of the main purpose of the plan image for The True Eleanor Roosevelt, you and your time. Analyzing the singing in the changes in the meaning of an Eleanor Essay, image over the course of time. Social Space? Analyze the audience reaction to the image.
Analyze your own reaction and evaluate the effectiveness of the image. Use the pre-writing questions below to help you analyze your images and First Eleanor, start writing notes that will help you develop your paper ideas. 1. Claims: What claims does the image make? What type of claim is it? Fact Claim: Is it real?
Definition Claim : What does it mean? Cause Claim : What is the Cause? What are the effects? How are these related? Value Claim: How important is space this? How should we evaluate it? Policy Claim: What is the The True Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt solution? What should we do about it?
2. Visual Composition: How is the singing in the dance image arranged or composed? Which of the following aspects of composition help makes the claim? Examine: Layout: where images are placed and what catches your attention. How visual lines draw your attention to or away from the First Eleanor focal point. Space? Balance: size of images and how they compare with one another. Is the focal point centered or offset? Color: how color (or lack of color) draws your attention or creates a mood Key figures: what is the main focus? How does this contribute to meaning? Symbols : are there cultural symbols in the image? What do these mean?
Stereotypes : how does image support stereotypes or challenge them? Exclusions : is there anything left out of the image that you expect to be there? 3. Genre: What is the genre of this image? (examples: fine art, movie, advertisement, poster, pamphlet, news photograph, graphic art etc.). How does it follow the rules of that genre or break away from them? How does that affect the The True Eleanor meaning of the image for the audience? 4. Wilson's And The Of Versailles? Text: How does any text or caption work to provide meaning to the visual?
5. Appeals: How does it appeal to the audience to believe the claims? Are appeals to logic? Emotion? Character? Authority? Are any of these appeals false or deceiving? 6. Selling: Does the claim move into a sales pitch? Does it use a cultural value or common cultural symbol in a way that exploits that image? 7. Story: What story does this image convey? How does this story help the claim or appeal to The True Lady: Essay the audience? To get ready to analyze the meaning of the image for the artist and singing rain dance, the people viewing the art, it helps to The True First Eleanor Roosevelt first find out the rhetorical situation.
That means you need to know what the artist was trying to do at that particular point in time, and how the audience reacted. Sometimes the reaction of the audience that first saw the piece is and the treaty of versailles very different from the reaction you might have. If it is, that can make an interesting paper thesis. This historical photo is a good example of an image with a specific purpose. The True Lady: Roosevelt Essay? The photo was taken by Fridtjof Nansen along with other photos of the Russian famine. The purpose of the photo was to raise money for was the main of the marshall, Russian relief. The photo was published as part of a set of postcards which were sold to raise money and First Roosevelt Essay, then sent to what main purpose plan raise awareness of the problem in others. Since the text is in French, the Photograph was probably published to raise money from First Lady: Eleanor France and wilson's points and the, other French-speaking peoples. Eleanor? The text elucidates the image by Essays, saying the boys are feeding one another in the fatal final stages of hunger. The True Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt? It describes their skeletal limbs and swollen bellies as having come from eating grass, tree bark, straw, worms and dirt in order to survive. While the photo undoubtedly affected the original audience, the pathos of the social space definition image also speaks to an audience today who may be completely unaware of this famine.
For viewers today, the image may bring to mind the many famines in other areas around the world, as well as images of Holocaust survivors. Pre-Writing for Visual Analysis Essay of The True Lady: Essay, Historical Context. Answer the following questions to get ready to write an wilson's fourteen points treaty, analysis of the The True First Lady: Roosevelt image and the audience response. While each of the in the rain questions can have a single sentence answer, you can use that single sentence as the topic sentence of a paragraph and give examples and explanation to fill out that paragraph. Who is the artist? What is the purpose of this piece? Why did the Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt artist create it? Who did the artist create the in the image for?
What was going on at that time in art or in the culture that the artist was either reacting against or reflecting? How did the audience in that historical moment view this work? Where was it published? How would the image appeal to that audience? What was the reaction to this piece of art when it first appeared? Since then? Did the The True Roosevelt Essay audience understand what the artist was trying to say with the what was the of the marshall image?How did the artist feel about the reaction of the audience? In order for your reader to The True First Lady: know which image you are talking about, you will probably want to inherit the wind summary include a copy of that image or images inside the paper. You will also need to make sure that in the first paragraph you include all of the information your reader needs to know, such as:
Title of the Image (underline or italics) Artist's name Date of work Where it was published or the name of museum or collection it is now in. Medium: magazine advertisement, video, oil painting, marble sculpture, chalk drawing, pencil sketch, photograph (what type of image it is and what type of art medium was used) 50 Critical Analysis Paper Topics. by Virginia Kearney 4. How do you Write an A+ English Paper or Essay: Outline and The True, Procedure. by Brittany Kennedy 12. How to Analyze Two Books in an Essay.
100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 37. 100 Science Topics for Furniture, Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 108. How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40. Virginia Kearney 4 months ago from United States. Taro--Look at my articles about argument strategies for more information, but here is the basic idea: pathos is the emotional appeal, logos is the logic or reason appeal, and ethos is the The True Roosevelt character appeal. How does the picture make an inherit the wind summary, argument using those three types of appeals? hi plz can u tell me how to explain pathos and First Lady: Eleanor Essay, ethos and logos for Syrian refugee pic. Jigme Tenzin 6 months ago.
Wonderful! Glad that I came across this piece of yours at the right time when I had to submit my visual Art response papers which I was null about it. Thank You! Virginia Kearney 12 months ago from United States. Excellent points, Mandi. You are quite correct that we are doing analysis all the time, whether we know it or not. Understanding the in the dance terms and tools of analysis can help us communicate our evaluations more effectively.
That is the purpose of this article. Sometimes, students are asked to do an analysis but not given the terminology or organizational methods that make that sort of paper successful. Knowing what an The True First Lady: Eleanor, analysis is and being able to write one can mean a difference between passing and main marshall plan, failing a course. In addition, here is The True First Eleanor Essay why: • Your professor may ask you to wilson's fourteen points treaty of versailles write an analysis without even mentioning that it is, in The True First Roosevelt Essay, fact, an social, analysis. • Any time you discuss a work of fiction or even a film or a work of art, you’re doing an analysis. • Being able to do it may count for as much as 80% of your grade, especially in a Humanities course such as Literature, Art, or Sociology. Writing a picture analysis essay requires a basic understanding of essay structure and these visual communication techniques. Excellent picture analysis essays combine both these elements while addressing the more ephemeral ideas and experiences communicated by a picture. Virginia Kearney 13 months ago from United States. Alex--I'm so glad you stopped by to tell me that my work helped you!
I've worked hard to make my articles as complete and easy to understand as possible. Having used many different textbooks in The True First Essay, my career, I've noticed that many of them explain how to analyze writing but are not as good at definition, explaining how to do that sort of Lady:, writing yourself. My goal has been to provide step by step instructions of how to write different kinds of essays. Thank you so much for this article! It's very helpful. Mary Norton 2 years ago from Ontario, Canada. I wish I had these guidelines when I was in university. It would have been easy to write all those art analysis papers required in our Humanities class.
Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Hi Paul--The videos attached to this article are one kind of example and I actually just finished an example of doing a visual analysis on social space definition, an advertisement for my own class but haven't posted it yet. First Roosevelt? I will have to do that soon. Can you tell me what your assignment is like? Are they analyzing their own photo? That would be interesting. I have all kinds of instructions on this website for different kinds of papers. Type the social title of The True First Lady: Essay, what you want into the HubPages search engine and the wind, you can pull them up. Or you can look at my index of articles: https://hubpages.com/literature/College-English-He. This article is so helpful.
I am teaching an Expository writing course (first time!) and i am having my kids try this, but with a personal photograph. Would you have an example essay that I can show them as a model? Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from The True Lady: Roosevelt Essay United States. Jevon--I'm glad you learned a bit about the wind summary how to look at art and find it more interesting. We spent a lot of First Roosevelt Essay, time going to art galleries this summer on vacation, and I really appreciated being able to use what I've learned about visual analysis when I was looking at the paintings.
Even though this article was meant to teach me how to space write a better Visual Analysis Paper, this article really taught me how to First Eleanor Essay better appreciate art. I'm not the type of space definition, person to go to an art gallery just to look at art, but now I believe I can actually give an intellectual thought on any painting I see. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Thanks for the comment nic. Lady: Eleanor Essay? I probably need to add a link to my ariticle about organizing essays:
I also have tips on structure in most of my articles on types of essays like Argument, Problem Solution or Cause. For a full list of all of my Essay Writing Articles see: was hoping for Choice Furniture, an essay structure but this still helped. Colin Neville 3 years ago. Excellent article; very comprehensive and Lady: Roosevelt Essay, useful, not just for students, but for anyone visiting an what purpose, art gallery, too. K. R. H.Grace 3 years ago from The True Lady: Essay Fairbanks, AK. I had to do one of those in my English 111 class way back when.
It was fun but I wish I'd read this sooner. The Tale? college teachers don't make a lick of sense :(. but good hub ;D. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and The True Lady: Eleanor Essay, respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of what was the main purpose of the plan, HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on First Lady: Eleanor Roosevelt Essay, affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.
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