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Best Resume Examples for Biography of Paul Revere a Variety of Jobs. Do you need to write a resume? Knowing how to cattell test start can be the Essay Biography of Paul Revere biggest challenge and looking at examples can be very helpful. Cattell Test! The following samples are among the Biography best resumes and you can use them as a starting point for sonnet 46 creating your own resume. They vary greatly in skill level, profession and format and are filled with inspiration. Take notes as you browse the examples, this will help you remember what you like and dislike and which elements you want to Essay about Biography Revere include when you begin writing your own. The first step to writing a great resume is to choose the best type of Essay To Windows Tablets resume for your work history, experience and about Biography of Paul the jobs you#39;re applying for. Browse these examples to get a sense of your options before choosing the thank right format for you. Chronological Resume - A very traditional resume format that focuses on of Paul your work experience and lists previous jobs in order. Functional Resume - Focus on your skills and expertise with a minor emphasis on about Why Change IPads To Windows Tablets the companies you worked for.

Combination Resume - Combine the elements of Essay Biography of Paul Revere chronological and functional resumes to mirror physics highlight both your skills and Essay Biography previous employment. Targeted Resume - Write a resume tailored to the specific position you#39;re applying for. Mini Resume - Everyone in your job search does not need to see a full-length resume, use the example to write one that#39;s brief and to the point. Nontraditional Resume - From a video to an online portfolio, discover how to create and use a resume that is unique. Resume Examples with Specific Highlight Sections. Every job seeker#39;s experience and zheng he's goals are different and Essay about Biography of Paul it#39;s important to thomas hobbes realism add sections to Essay about Biography Revere your resume that highlight what makes you the best candidate. In these resumes, you will find examples of specific sections that can help you direct a hiring manager#39;s attention to sonnet 46 what you feel is Essay Biography Revere most important.

Resume with Profile Statement - Give a brief and specific overview of your skills. Wedding Thank! Resume with Accomplishments Section - Highlight your career accomplishments at the top of your resume to show off your biggest achievements. Resume with a Branding Statement - Create a short, catchy statement that sells you and Essay about of Paul Revere your skills. Thank You Speech Singapore! Resume Example with Headline - Add a headline to bring attention to your value as a candidate. Resume with Summary of Qualifications - Summarize your entire resume in Biography of Paul, a well-written paragraph that gets to thomas the heart of Biography of Paul Revere your work experience and skills. Resumes for Executive and Management Positions. Realism! The following resumes are good examples for Essay about individuals in management and executive positions.

They can be used when applying for other office and business jobs as well. The highlights of these resumes are the supervisory experience and thomas hobbes realism business management. These are skills that employers are looking for when hiring business professionals and Biography Revere it is best to anne frank go into include concrete facts and examples of about your achievements. The world of business is vast and there is a great variety of positions available in sonnet 46, it. The examples below are a sampling of great resumes used by business professionals. No matter your skill level or the position you#39;re applying for, these resumes should provide inspiration while writing your own. About Of Paul! They include various skill sets and frank experience, which will help you along the Essay about Biography Revere way. Positions in the tech industry are particularly competitive and zheng it is about Biography of Paul Revere extremely important that your resume stands out from Ageing, your competition.

You need to about of Paul Revere be specific about physics your skills, the about of Paul Revere programs you#39;re proficient with, and it#39;s good if you can give examples of Providing Services to the end results as well. Biography! Many resumes in cattell test, the technology space include a #39;Technical Skills#39; section in Biography of Paul Revere, which you list every program, language, etc. Wedding Singapore! you know. It gives your prospective employer the chance to quickly understand where your skills lie. Resumes for Education and of Paul Human Services Positions. If your career is in Essay Why Change, education or any field related to human services, your resume needs to highlight both your work experience and of Paul certifications. Thomas Hobbes! Be sure to include any professional licenses or affiliations you have as well. You will notice that a number of these sample resumes feature volunteer experience. Of Paul Revere! What you do outside the workplace can have an impact in sonnet 46, landing a great job in Essay about, these fields, so it#39;s worth noting any volunteer work you do.

Careers in zheng voyages, healthcare are filled with technical skills as well as patient interaction and Essay Biography of Paul both should be highlighted in cattell test, your resume. Nurses, therapists and about Biography of Paul medical specialists should include any certifications and concave licenses you hold as well as details of about Biography your work experience. Volunteer experience is thank singapore also a nice addition to healthcare resumes because it shows the hiring manager that you have compassion off the about Biography of Paul job as well. If possible, include how you went above the to the call of duty or add any significant career achievements. Every trade position has a specific set of skills that are required on Biography of Paul Revere the job and thomas hobbes it is important that you highlight your technical training in your resume. Include any certifications, licenses, affiliations and achievements that are relevant or necessary to your field. Notice how the about example resumes are very specific when it comes to zheng he's technical skills. Many also include supervisory and about management experience as well as the adherence to codes and the ability to Essay Services to the Ageing Population troubleshoot technical problems.

Resumes for Revere Writers, Creatives, and cattell test Freelancers. Freelancers, writers, and Essay about Revere other professionals in creative fields may have the most difficult time writing a resume. Concave Physics! Your jobs may be varied, your experience and skills vast, and Essay it can be difficult getting it all on why did anne go into hiding paper. There are many ways to approach these types of Essay about Biography of Paul resumes and the examples should help you find a direction that#39;s right for you. Frank Go Into! You are a creative, so you need to Essay Biography of Paul put some of that ingenuity into go into hiding, writing the Biography of Paul Revere most effective resume you can. You might also consider developing a curriculum vitae (CV) and hobbes realism have that available as well. Essay Biography Of Paul! Resumes for frank go into hiding Customer Service Jobs.

Customer service is Essay a key element in many jobs and about Why Change IPads To Windows Tablets it is Biography important that you focus on that in zheng voyages, your resume. Whether you are applying at Biography Revere a restaurant, a hair salon or a local store, the concave mirror physics hiring manager will want to Essay about of Paul Revere know that you will put their customers first. Some of Essay about Why Change Tablets these resume examples also include specific skills required for the position. For instance, a chef may choose to highlight the presentation and speed involved in serving meals to customers. About Revere! A stylist will want to focus on special treatments they have learned and zheng he's a retail associate may want to Essay about Biography show off their merchandising expertise. Also, be sure to include any special honors or achievements you have received. Were you the thomas employee of the month? Did you reach a high sales goal? Teenagers and of Paul Revere recent college graduates may need to sonnet 46 write a resume as well and this can be tricky because of your limited work history.

You will need to supplement your resume with other achievements. Essay Of Paul Revere! Include volunteer work and cattell test accomplishments at school in your resume and use these examples to learn how to feature them. Employers understand that you are young and looking to Biography add to zheng voyages your experience, so give them as much as you can that shows you#39;ll be a valuable employee.

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Essay about Biography of Paul Revere

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My name is about of Paul, Terrence Ryan . I'm Terry Ryan . About Why Change IPads To Windows Tablets! I’m a geek from Philadelphia who loves technology. I love evangelizing tools and tech that makes developers lives easier. I’m an Technology lover. I also wrote Driving Technical Change. Several incidents in of Paul the past few weeks, both public and private, have led me to the conclusion that we all suck at sonnet 46, apologies when we have offended people. I’d like to try and Essay Biography, start a conversation to he's voyages see if we can fix that.

I feel like I am qualified to give advice here, as I spent my 20’s as an angry and often offensive guy, who had to Essay Biography of Paul apologize quite a bit. Because of this, I’ve learned a little of thomas hobbes what works and what doesn’t. Let’s start with a premise. You said something that offended someone somewhere. Revere! They are angry, and Essay Why Change To Windows, they have called you out on it in some fashion. Essay About Biography Of Paul! (It’s vague, but every example I could come up with might have been offensive.) “Why should I apologize, what I said (or did) was right?” This here is the major problem we have with apologizing. We think that apologizing means that we are saying “I was wrong, and you were right.” It doesn’t.

When you offend someone, you have damaged your relationship with them. Whether you are an Essay about Providing to the Ageing Population individual offending another individual or a company who offended a potential market, your actions have damaged the relationship. The true purpose of an apology is to try and fix the damage in the relationship between you and the offended party. That should be your goal. Actions have consequences, intentions do not matter. Actually, it would be better to Revere say, intentions can mitigate consequences, but they cannot erase them. Suppose I hit a young man with my car. That my intention was to drive home has no impact on the consequence that the young man’s leg is broken.

Now the fact that I was soberly driving home, and zheng, did my best to swerve out of the way can maybe mitigate what the law says about my culpability, but it cannot fix the man’s leg. So, good on ya, that you didn’t want to offend anyone. About Biography Of Paul Revere! Unless you’re a deliberate provocateur I don’t assume anyone believes you did. If you were deliberately offending people, I assume you don’t have any interest in apologizing. So if you are apologizing, shut up about your intentions. You just sound like you are trying to excuse yourself. This is a shitty, defensive way of saying “I don’t understand how I offended you.” That’s fine. It is perfectly acceptable to not understand how you have been offensive. If you were able to wrap your mind perfectly around the sonnet 46 thoughts and considerations of the offended party, you probably wouldn’t have taken the action that offended them. It’s perfectly fine to ask for clarification and about Biography of Paul Revere, an explanation.

Just try not to phrase that request like an asshole. “I’m having trouble wrapping my mind around this, can you explain where you’re coming from?” Good. “Can you tell me why a person like you is offended by this?” – Bad. “I can’t have said something homophobic, I have quite a few gay friends.” Repeat after me: There is realism, no such thing as a “ghetto pass.” That you have gay/female/minority friends does not mean you can’t say homophobic/sexist/racist things. It means that you probably shouldn’t say them, and perhaps you should check to see if you still have those friends. This encapsulates a lot of things but at the core of it you are denying the reasonableness of the person taking offense.

The thought here being there are thoughts that while controversial, reasonable people can talk about without taking offense. There are two problems with this. The first problem with the reasonableness trope is that it assumes offense is an intellectual response. It’s not, it’s an emotional response. Therefore reasonableness of the offense is irrelevant as offense in this case is not a product of the reason. You can tell someone to stop being sad because their life is overall great, but if a personal tragedy has occurred, you can’t stop them from being sad. Likewise whether or not it is reasonable to be offended is irrelevant in Essay about of Paul the face of actual offense.

The second problem with reasonableness is that it doesn’t matter. Because reasonableness is about Providing Services to the Ageing, part of the right/wrong discussion. “It is not reasonable to be offended over about of Paul Revere this, therefore you are wrong and cattell test, I am right.” –which is irrelevant, because apologies aren’t about right and wrong, they’re are about repairing the damage to the relationship. “140 characters/email/IM is not enough to have a proper conversation about this.” You’re right. Happy? Now stop wasting time and move to a higher bandwidth form of communication. Okay, this is about of Paul, a tough one, and it’s different from “I didn’t mean to Services Ageing Population be offensive.” It happens when what they think you said and what you think you said are two different things. It could be because of someone mishearing you.

It’s also perfectly possible that someone is reading into what you have said or done, and giving it a context that makes it offensive to them. It’s also possible that you were not communicating well. Again it’s time to remember what’s important, fixing the damage. So apologize first, get acceptance that you want to Essay fix the thomas hobbes damage, then start to talk about the misunderstanding. Ask what language you could have use to about Biography of Paul make your intended meaning come through. Start with “I am sorry I offended you.” No qualifiers. No “If I offended anyone.” You’re sorry that the sonnet 46 relationship is damaged and about Biography, that you caused the zheng voyages damage. Start from there. Seek an Essay about Revere understanding of what you did that caused offense, and acknowledge it. Essay Services Ageing Population! No excuses.

Unless you were kidnapped, drugged and slammed down in front of a keyboard or phone, you are responsible for whatever you did to offend someone. Even if it is Essay about Biography Revere, a “not what I meant” incident. You’re responsible at least in zheng voyages part for the misunderstanding. Don’t apologize angry. Of Paul Revere! When we are criticized, it’s easy to get angry and emotional ourselves, and thomas realism, therefore get in the way of about of Paul a real apology. If the criticism you receive makes you angry or defensive, then wait and about Tablets, calm down. Very little relationship damage can be fixed with anger. There you have it, apology advice from Essay Biography of Paul Revere someone who’s had to sonnet 46 do a lot of Essay about Biography of Paul Revere it. It’s not about winning an argument, it’s about saving a relationship. A friend and mentor of cattell test mine, Avish Parashar has a new book out named Say Yes, And!

Avish has a ton of great advice to give you, and I highly recommend the book. Go forth and pick it up from Amazon. Still here? Okay, let me tell you why I think this is a great book. Avish’s philosophy has it’s roots in improv comedy. Improv comedy imparts a great deal of skills that can be useful in the work world: Creative Thinking Effective Collaboration Public Speaking.

One of the core concepts of improv comedy is the offer . About Biography! An offer is an sonnet 46 attempt to create or develop a scene it is vital to creative thinking and collaboration. For example a group of improv players get the location of a bathroom from the Essay about of Paul Revere audience. Player 1 steps out, mimes slapping a wet mop down on the floor, and announces in a terrible Scottish accent that “Accckkk the lavatory has been invaded by the filth again!” That’s an offer, he’s created a reality: he is a Scottish janitor in a filthy bathroom and Providing to the Ageing, it’s his job to clean it up. Now Player 2 has the ability to do three things: Player 2 steps out and says, “What do you mean filth, this bathroom is Essay Biography of Paul Revere, a monument to cleanliness”. See what he did there? He completely invalidated what Player 1 said.

It completely derails the scene, the Essay about Providing Ageing Population two of about of Paul them have to start building from scratch. Sonnet 46! It doesn’t bode well for the scene. Player 2 steps out and says, “Well if you cleaned them more often, they would’t get this bad.” This is better, he accepted the reality that player 1 offered and didn’t just bring the scene to Essay Biography of Paul a halt. The two of them can go on from there. Cattell Test! But Player 2 didn’t make it any better. Nothing was added. Player 2 steps out and says, “Yes, and I need to get home fast today. I noticed that there is an emergency fire hose in the hallway. I bet it would blast the grime away.” That is the beginning of a scene where something happens.

Something dumb and disastrous, but that’s comedy. Yes, And! is the name of an exercise that teaches you to build instead of blocking or merely accepting. Basically someone says something and you have to start your response with “Yes and.” It forces you to accept and add, which is building. How many times have you been brainstorming trying to solve issues or come up with something new and Essay, confronted by people blocking you: Offer : Let’s build a full featured version of PhotoShop for tablets! Block : But even the most powerful tablets are still not powerful enough to run desktop PhotoShop. Why Did Frank Go Into Hiding! Accept : Okay, what would that look like?

Build : Yes, and about Biography, we could use the camera to pull photos directly into sonnet 46 the app, something that doesn’t make sense on Biography of Paul Revere, desktops. One response stymies progress, one doesn’t help it, and the last advances it. Sonnet 46! Our goal should be to get to a place where the building response is our first instinct. Essay About Biography Revere! It doesn’t make the statement put forth in why did go into hiding the block any less true, but most of the facts that get put forth to block ideas are obstacles to Essay of Paul Revere overcome, not reasons to Essay about Why Change IPads Tablets prematurely abandon ideas. (PhotoShop Touch is doing very well thank you. ) Say Yes, And! by Avish Parashar is a book that will give you the tools and training to get yourself to think of of Paul building instead of just accepting or even blocking in cattell test the business world. Avish is a great teacher, and you can get a lot out of it. Revere! Go get it! Just because some skeptics are irrational about something, doesn’t mean that they don’t know they are being irrational. They know that if they gave the real reason for their resistance that people would find their objections unacceptable. Cattell Test! In short if someone’s reason for Essay Biography not accepting that your company should support the iPhone and invest in iOS apps is that they think “Apple users are obnoxious hipsters,” they’re going to get dismissed out of about Why Change Tablets hand.

They know it, so they resist by bringing up “the Evil Walled Garden” argument. If you are able to mount a solid case against the “Walled Garden” argument, they switch to opposing Apple because “Android hardware would be cheaper” Now to about Biography be clear, I’m not saying any objection to Essay about Why Change IPads Tablets Apple is irrational. I’m saying if you specifically are going to resist Apple in an honest business focused decision for Revere the specific reason “Apple users are obnoxious hipsters,” you are being irrational. I’m also not saying “the Evil Walled Garden” or “Android hardware is cheaper” are right or wrong arguments. I’m saying they can be rational arguments (with evidence and justificaiton) but that arguing those things without believing or weakly believing in he's voyages them to about Biography of Paul cover up for sonnet 46 an irrational objection is the problem here. I worked with a guy who stated “I don’t believe in Essay about of Paul Revere indices [in a relational database].” I know. We can argue many things: what columns to index, clustered or unclustered, whether we should even be using relational databases… But we can all agree that if you are using relational databases at some point you need to use indices. But that was this guy’s beef.

He resisted any sort of argument that he needed an index on any of his tables. He showed us articles that said “YOU DON’T HAVE TO USE INDEXES… on tables with many more writes than reads “. Sonnet 46! When performance was effected by a lack of an index, he said the Essay Biography of Paul performance was acceptable. When performance was still an issue he went into a long diatribe about voyages how hardware upgrades on the server side would make his performance issues go away in Essay about of Paul Revere an acceptable timeframe. Then we introduced ORM (object relational mapping) into the environment. Essay About Services To The! He objected…. loudly.

Why? “The performance tradeoffs are too great.” Clearly his issue with ORM wasn’t really performance. Essay About Of Paul Revere! He had no problem waiting for IPads To Windows performance to be enhanced by hardware upgrades, which is itself kinda silly. Essay About Revere! And his acceptance of about IPads To Windows Tablets poor performing SQL was not because he hated indices. It was because his real resistance was based on something else. What was that real reason? I don’t know but I have my theories. (I became much friendlier with him later, and it never came up.) I think in general the truth had more to Essay about Biography do with trying to limit the number of new technologies and Essay Providing Services Ageing Population, techniques so that he could keep a handle on the environment as he was also doing a fair amount of managerial, administrative, and business work as well. When you’re stretched so thin, you have to figure out a way to Essay Biography of Paul Revere contain complexity.

But that’s just my theory. Ultimately his real reason doesn’t matter. Frank Go Into Hiding! Because like all of the Irrational types, you should ignore them. It’s tough though, because these guys masquerade as rational types before you realize what’s going on. Essay About Revere! So how do you spot them? Drastically changing objections, did these guys start out as Burned, and then change to Time Crunched when confronted with evidence? Dramatic reversals of objections raised in previous discussions, did they go from Essay IPads Tablets indifference to performance to performance being the Essay about Biography Revere only thing? Being a Chameleon in the past, if they have done this to you before, and you haven’t figured out a root cause then it is likely that they are repeating.

In general these guys and gals suck. They waste a lot of time because you are fooled into arguing with them rationally since they act rational. But if you suspect you’re face to face with a chameleon: cut your losses – move on to try and convert someone else . Either they are Irrational, and you saved yourself some grief, or they aren’t, but they’ll be easier to bring around with more converts on your side. Do you see you have a “friend” that sees themselves as an X developer? This statement usually indicates that this person will be very resistant to any sort of technical change you are driving that in any way competes with those technologies. Essay About Why Change Tablets! Why? Because they have worked their technology into their identity. When one makes a technology part of their identity instead of a tool they use, they see any competition, replacement, or massive alteration of it as an existential threat. Keep in mind, they see this as a threat to themselves, not just the technology.

People get crazy irrational about existential threats. It’s not their fault. Fight or flight is built into us; carefully understand and weigh your options is not. In the Essay about Biography of Paul long run this is a bad thing. Viewing change as a threat makes you fight it. Viewing change as an obstacle makes you rise to sonnet 46 overcome it. Viewing change as a challenge makes you expand to about Biography of Paul Revere face it with pride. Realism! Viewing change as an opportunity makes you seek to capitalize on about, it. The goal should be to move your reaction to further down this list.

Oh yeah, I know you don’t really have a “friend” with this problem. What do you do to fix working your technology into your identity? Immediately start talking about yourself by what you do, not what you use: Even if you don’t believe it, even if it is uncomfortable, even if you have to ditch business cards and cattell test, domains, do it. Identity is about perception, both yours and others. You won’t believe it till it’s rote for you. Others won’t believe it until you do. Start learning about the competing technology. Figure out about of Paul Revere why people chose it over your technology. Why Did Anne Go Into! Figure out what parts of its philosophy you can absorb to make you better in about whatever technology you use.

There are a lot of excuses you can use to prevent yourself from fixing this: This technology has a lot of zheng he's life left in it. This technology is Biography of Paul, dominant, and Essay about IPads Tablets, will be forever. I’m too old to change. I don’t have time to change. We are on the cusp of yet another major shift in computing, the Essay Biography of Paul Revere post PC era.

The post PC era has more significance than I can wrap my mind around, but one thing is glaringly obvious: The device, the browser, the sonnet 46 platform is being swapped out much faster than in the past. User adoption is a major brake to technology advancement. The 3 to 5 year cycle in swapping out technology is Essay Biography of Paul Revere, dropping. What will happen to about Services to the Population the rate of technology change when people are swapping out Essay of Paul their major information device every 2 years? Well it has the potential to be at least twice as fast, if not faster. Technologies are going to rise and fall faster. Cattell Test! Those who see technologies are tools to be swapped will fare better than those who think they are their technology . Finally, your technology is not special or safe. 1 year ago BlackBerry was still the dominant smartphone manufacturer. 2 years ago WebOS still had a shot.

3 years ago there was no iPad. Will JavaScript be dominant 5 years from now? Maybe Dart will gain traction? Maybe browser makers will make the jQuery DOM API native to the browser? Maybe Apps will win? Maybe NodeJS usage will eclipse PHP? The point is nobody really knows what the future will look like exactly. But those who will have the Essay Revere best shot at facing the future and succeeding will be those who view it more as an opportunity and less as an existential threat. In the wake of Steve Job’s passing there have been a number of takes on his character and impact. Anne! One of the about common themes that have permeated a lot of reactions in the blogosphere and twitter is Job’s tendency to be a douche.

Most people have been negative on this, but a recent article, The Jerk on TechCrunch by MG Siegler has gone the other way, stating: the tech world could probably use more jerks. I couldn’t disagree with this statement more, although I agree of much of what Siegler is saying in article. How is that? That sentence is the Essay Why Change sound bite distillation of a bigger point: we need more and better criticism in the tech world. That is totally true and Essay about Biography, not contested; however, I contend you don’t have to Essay about Providing Ageing Population be a douche about about of Paul it . Why not? Siegler argues that Job’s and in his case Arrington’s abrasiveness had a positive impact. Mostly because in both of Essay about Ageing these cases, they deal with someone in power being douchy to someone with less power. Biography Revere! People have to listen to why did anne frank hiding their superiors, even if they don’t like it. Most of Essay Biography of Paul us in cattell test the business of driving technical change are advocating to equals or superiors. Essay Revere! When people aren’t compelled to listen to your douchiness, they don’t. Poor delivery in these cases will almost completely ensure that no one will listen to Essay Services to the Ageing Population you, no matter how right you are.

Additionally, it presumes that somehow Steve Jobs could be Steve Jobs, give respectful criticism, and people would have not listened. Granted, perhaps being Steven Jobs had to Biography Revere include that abrasiveness and so is unavoidable. But I think once he made it, once he was the great and almighty Steve Jobs, he didn’t need to Essay Why Change Tablets use it as a tool anymore. Yet reports state he still did. I’d believe that his abrasiveness was a slight obstacle to his success that in his case was outmatched by the rest of Essay of Paul Revere his considerable positives. Steve Jobs had a huge impact on zheng, the world, far and beyond what most people accomplish. Essay Biography! In this sense he was a “Great Man” in the classic definition of cattell test it.

However that does not mean that everything about him was great, or an advantage. Essay Of Paul Revere! Grownups can admire people and why did anne go into, yet still acknowledge flaws in Essay Biography of Paul Revere them. But in any case, I’m not informed enough to know if douchiness worked for or against zheng voyages Steve Jobs with any authority. About Biography Revere! However I’m firmly convinced that it won’t work for the rest of us. The Angry Old Technologist (AOT) has been around forever. They built the system that you are trying to change. They’ve forgotten more than you’ll ever know about programming, hot shot.

In short, you’re trying to change things, they’re yelling at you to get off their lawn. Now, that’s not to say anyone with more then a few years of experience is a senior citizen. He's! Nor that all criticism from people that share characteristics with this group. Unlike last week’s character, the Angry Young Technologist (AYT), I don’t have experience being the AOT. At least I think I don’t. I’m fairly sure I’ve never been the one saying we absolutely shouldn’t change something. I may have argued against a particular change, or implementation, but not generalized change.

Therefore, my thoughts here are more conjecture and inference than actual experience. Anyone who sees themselves in this description is welcome to Revere set the record straight on anything I get wrong. I was once at a conference where there was a QA with representatives from Microsoft, Yahoo, Google, and, of course Adobe. Someone got up and thomas hobbes realism, started talking about the current pace of about Biography change, and how every year all of us were coming out with more tools and technology. And he got angrier and angrier as he spoke, until he blurted out: Why do you guys keep forcing me to cattell test learn new stuff?

And therein lies the key problem of the Essay of Paul Angry Old Technologist: progress forces change; change forces them to Essay Why Change Tablets learn; and they don’t want to. Now, back when I was an AYT I never understood this. How can you hate to learn more things? As I get older, while I don’t resent learning new things, I can understand why you might. I’m lucky, part of my job is to keep learning new things. Of Paul! Not all jobs build into voyages them the need to learn new things. Most don’t.

When you’re younger and have less responsibility, it’s not a huge deal, you can just spend your free time learning new things. As you get older, other concerns come in, like family, kids, housing, health care, retirement funds, school districts, PTAs ARRRRGGGGGGGHHHHHHHH. All that stuff, some of which people refer to as your real life, destroys your free time. When you’re young, and passionate about technology, that free time is where you spend long hours focusing and mastering new things. When you get older and attached, you don’t have that time. Learning goes from something you love to do and you can easily do because you have copious free time, to something you have to make time to do. And that’s if you’re passionate about Biography Revere what you do.

If not, you start as a young person having to spend time to play catchup. By the Essay about Why Change time your free time is gone, the idea of learning new things terrifies you because you don’t know when you’re going to do it, and you never know the worth as all technology has an expiration date. Where does the anger come from? What do you get when you combine no time, with years of about of Paul Revere responsibility, the why did frank hiding pressure to constantly learn new things, some of which may be “dead” before you even implement them, and fear of what happens when you fail? You get rage, pure and simple.

There is of Paul, bad news here for sonnet 46 the guy from the conference, and for about all of the other AOTs: There is no stopping the change. We technology companies might impact, alter, or nudge the waves of Why Change Tablets changes. About Of Paul Revere! But ultimately we don’t control them; they are caused by too many disparate sources to be controlled, even if we wanted to. So what do you do when you’re face to face with an Essay Services Ageing AOT? Well they’re irrational, so you should ignore them. Didn’t you read my book? Learn from Biography of Paul Revere their knowledge of the current environment. Engage them and try to bring them onboard without patronizing them. So what do you do when you’re face to face with an AOT… in about IPads To Windows Tablets the mirror? Accept that the future cannot be stopped.

Accept that it’s okay you can’t grasp every new piece of technology. Be part of the change, which will eventually replace what exists now, instead of of Paul Revere opposing it. Sonnet 46! But mostly stop being so angry. So what do you do when you’re face to face with an AOT and they’re your employee? Build-in continuing education and skunkworks into Revere employee goals. This is a tough group, and Services to the, they are some of the most resistant to change.

They’re also tough because a lot of them end up in management. Essay About Biography Of Paul! So avoid, if you can, defer if you can’t, and give them opportunities to save face along the way. The Angry Young Technologist (AYT) is fresh out of college, or in some cases high school, new to the workplace, and has strong beliefs. Essay IPads! They get their information from whatever sites are the bleeding edge, and are a great source of information about Essay about of Paul Revere up and coming technology. You might think that since AYTs are interested in the latest and greatest, that they are perfect choices to help you drive change, but they are hampered in their ability to sonnet 46 help by a couple of about Biography of Paul Revere things. If they are on your side, they are tenacious allies in the quest for sonnet 46 change. But their choice of about Biography of Paul sides wasn’t governed by any convincing arguments that you made, merely that you chose something they liked.

They might agree with you, but they can’t objectively review your solution and he's voyages, tell you if it doesn’t fit the environment. If they oppose you, they are obstacles that will not listen to any argument. Now, not every younger person working in technology is Essay about Biography of Paul, this type. I’ll make it clear I’m not saying that at all. Venn diagrams and all that, not every YT is a AYT. You enter a typical staff meeting and the AYT has a problem with the latest upgrade to he's the site. “Why are we still using stored procedures for this application? We could switch to Revere an ORM solution, and not be tied down to the SQL server. ” or something like that. And, on the surface, it’s true.

Stored procedures in this environment have to go through the DBAs. This adds an extra day to updates. It’s also low on the priority list of the DBAs and so can take more then a day. On top of that, a lot of the developers have good SQL chops, and are a bit better at SQL than the DBAs. The AYT tends to find lots of issues like this: It’s absurd that we aren’t using [insert currently rising language here]. Why the hell are we still using [Technology older then 2 years]. The fact that we have to sonnet 46 do [whatever policy mandates] is Essay about Biography, a joke. If only we did [whatever] we wouldn’t have all of these problems. Then on top of it, they have terrible delivery. Words like “stupid”, “idiotic”, and voyages, worse are their goto adjectives.

At this point in their careers they don’t have a firm grasp of diplomacy, tact, or the Essay about of Paul Revere basic understanding that someone can disagree with them and not be stupid. In the anne hiding case of the above mentioned SQL policy he’s got a point. It’s terribly inefficient. The DBAs have other things to do, don’t get updates out on any sort of schedule, and don’t add a lot of about Biography of Paul value to the process. The AYT is a few years out of college, so he wasn’t here while this app was being built, deployed and used in production for the first year. Zheng Voyages! He didn’t track down crazy bugs in the reporting system. Of Paul Revere! He didn’t enter 50 bug fixes that one week in September. What the AYT wants to thomas do amounts to a complete burn and redo of the existing code, simply to make the code technique (not quality or features) match current practices. About Revere! It’s a bad idea, and people smarter than I have made this case. This one example points to the root cause of the cattell test AYT’s lack of reason, a failure to Essay about of Paul understand the anne history of a given environment.

Also he tends to not understand that decisions are made for more than just pure technology reasons. AYTs often don’t get the context of business, personnel, or other non-technology concerns. If an organization has deep expertise in proprietary technology x, switching to about Biography of Paul Revere free technology y has high retraining costs. If an organization has expensively committed to technology x and technology y is cattell test, only moderately better, the utility of Biography of Paul switching is thomas hobbes, low. Essay About! Policies that effect technology are more often than not driven by non-technical reasons.

While CYA policies are annoying they combat the high negative utility of drawing management ire. These are all true, but would be dismissed by hobbes realism the AYT as irrelevant. Most of about Biography of Paul us that have been around for cattell test a little bit know that each of these has a tremendous impact on organizations. Combine that failure to grok things with terrible delivery and you get one outcome: almost total lack of adoption for the things that the Essay of Paul Revere AYT champions. He’s making the wrong arguments, and he’s doing it like jackass.

I’m being tough on the AYT because I used to be him. I thought managers were idiots, upper management didn’t get it, and if only we did X, things would be so much better. How’d I get over it? Getting beat by people with better people skills and less technology chops wears thin after awhile. Being successful the few times I stumbled into diplomacy helped. Not starting from sonnet 46 a position that people who didn’t immediately agree with me had brain damage was a healthier place to be. In short, experience is the best teacher. I wish I could have learned some of that easier and earlier.

Not all is lost. There are some positives to be gotten out of this character, whether you are one, or are confronting one. Their passion, while perhaps a little rough, can be a great agent of change The need for a given rule, procedure, or technology expires before the practice of of Paul Revere it. They may be blustering, but they can also be the canary in the coal mine. If they realize their delivery and vision of the problem are wrong, they can become a rational actor. Coming along without the baggage of the past allows them to catch things in need of genuine change. Do you know any AYTs? If so, try and take them under your wing and explain context when you can. When you see them crash and burn, let them know why. Are you an AYT? After you’re done flaming me because “I don’t get it”, do some self examination.

Are you ignoring non-technical factors? Are you being abrasive? Are you arguing against change because it doesn’t use the latest and greatest? And don’t worry, my next post in anne frank go into hiding this series will be on Angry Old Technologists who can be just as bad. Ray Camden wrote a blog post earlier today about my demeanor towards ColdFusion advocacy. I am very appreciative of his kind words, and thought it would be a good time to about share a little bit of the philosophy behind my attitude. A phrase that has stuck with me through the sonnet 46 years is “ Make your line longer .”

It’s my paraphrase of Essay Biography of Paul Revere a story from thomas realism Zen in the Martial Arts by Joe Hyams. Basically the Essay Biography of Paul Revere story goes : I will remember one of my initial sessions at his dojo in cattell test Los Angeles where I was practising Kumite (sparring) with a more skilful opponent. To make up for Revere my lack of knowledge and experience, I tried deceptive, tricky moves that were readily countered. Essay Ageing Population! I was outclassed, and Essay, Parker watched me get roundly trounced. When the match was over I was dejected.

Parker invited me into cattell test his small office; a small sparsely furnished room with only a scarred desk and battered chairs. Revere! “Why are you so upset? ” he asked. “Because I couldn’t score.” Parker got up from behind the desk and with a piece of chalk drew a line on the floor about five feet long. “How can you make this line shorter?” he asked. “I studied the line and gave him several answers, including cutting the line in many pieces . He shook his head and frank hiding, drew a second line, longer than the first. “Now how does the Biography first line look? “Shorter,” I said. Parker nodded. Cattell Test! “ It is always better to about Biography improve and strengthen your own line or knowledge than to try and cut your opponent’s line.” The idea here is that people waste time trying to undercut their opponent instead of about Providing Services Ageing improving themselves. Essay About Biography Of Paul! Undercutting an Providing to the Population opponent benefits you once. Making yourself better is an investment that benefits you for Essay Biography of Paul the rest of your life. What does this have to do with ColdFusion? The reason I don’t reciprocate to haters or bash competition, is because these are attempts to cut at their lines. Essay About IPads Tablets! I’d rather lengthen my own line. Show how ColdFusion is better . Make it do cooler stuff . Honestly accept and answer criticism and about of Paul Revere, make ColdFusion and its ecosystem better. And for those that don’t believe it can work, I will tell you it can. I’ve gotten into several conversations on zheng voyages, twitter with people.

One of my favorites I remember the best was with a Ruby on Rails guy who was bashing the Biography of Paul Revere tag based nature of cattell test CFML. Instead of fighting the tag/script war I talked about CFScript, and Essay Biography Revere, pointed him to Providing Services Ageing Population my Google Translate API CFC on github. He admitted me might have been wrong, and was impressed by the fact that ColdFusion had unit testing. I didn’t convert him, but the next time he encounters ColdFusion he’ll take it a little more seriously. The fact is that some people are haters, and will never accept somebody else’s argument. They’re d-bags. And with so many of us coming to age in a post-Internet world, they’re just getting worse. Don’t waste your time.

But there are many more venters in the world. They come to something they don’t understand and get frustrated, and Essay Biography of Paul, when they do they vent . When they vent about ColdFusion, see it as an opportunity to anne frank hiding help un-frustrate the frustrated, not a chance to avenge the hate. Do it by making your line longer, and not trying to Essay about of Paul cut the other guy down. That’s what I’ve tried to do. He has both positive and negative things to say about the book. Read the review, I think his criticism’s fair.

However he said one thing that sticks out to me. Do you want to fight for technical change on IPads To Windows Tablets, your team or do you move from team to Biography of Paul team or company to company looking for that great fit? Basically, in early talks I gave on this I phrased it a little different: You have three choices: This was inspired by Martin Fowler‘s quote: You can Change Your Organization or Change Your Organization. The problem I see in Roger’s question, is that it sort of assumes that work has only thomas realism, one compelling feature: the work. I see this from time to time, and I’m not entirely sure that Roger is saying this, but I feel in the minds of many people it assumes that passionate people don’t stay at a job where people are resistant to change.

It implies that the people that do want better things have to leave to grow. I know it’s not trendy to say this, but there are times where being an adult means that you can’t just hop from job to Revere job following your passion. Having a family, a mortgage, and other ties require that from time to time you have to suck it up for a paycheck, heath benefits, and stability. You aren’t always free to leave. This is not to take shots at people who set up their lives to enable this.

They value their freedom, and about To Windows Tablets, they earn it by sacrificing other things. Essay Of Paul! I respect and admire that, but theirs is not the only path to passionate fulfillment in anne go into hiding your life. This is also not to Essay about say you shouldn’t try to leave a bad situation. Just that you have to weigh your options and take passes on riskier ventures waiting for Essay the right opportunity. But while you wait where your coworkers aren’t interested in change, what do you do? If you cannot leave, your choice is between accepting the about of Paul status quo, or changing the organization. I’d argue that if you accept that status quo it is the sonnet 46 first, if not the only, step to Essay of Paul giving up on the passion at your job. Hobbes Realism! That’s cool. No judgment.

It might be right for you. It was decidedly not right for me. Let’s assume that it’s not right for you – you have the passion to want other things, and as stated before you can’t change jobs… then you’re going to have to change your organization. At first that seems like you’re making a poor decision. Fighting a fight that you cannot “win.” But what is “winning”?

I’d argue that making your organization better isn’t a journey to a destination – it’s the Essay Biography journey itself. So even if you don’t get everything you want, you can still effect some change, rejecting the status quo, and making yourself a little happier in the meantime. Success at change has to measured by your deltas, not your destination or current location. Why Did Frank Go Into Hiding! People tend to lose sight of the Essay about Biography Revere fact that between where you are, and where you ultimately want to frank go into hiding be, there are many, many better places. Keep that in mind as you drive change. One of the of Paul Revere points I make in why did frank go into hiding Driving Technical Change is that expertise constantly decays. Every piece of technology out there today is evolving and about Biography Revere, changing.

If you stop paying attention to areas of your knowledge, then you will lose expert status. The author disagrees with me. He states: I think this is a sweeping generalization which I believe is zheng, wrong, and I know is wrong for me. Essay About Biography Of Paul! I regularly go on sabbatical for 3-6 months where I don’t or hardy use a computer, with hardly I mean I checked my mail once after 3 months. In this time due to the fact that I’m traveling I don’t read computer books or magazines. Coming back after this time I notice one important thing, nothing has changed except the version numbers. Essay To The Ageing! New features have been added to old software, new design patterns have been thought up and new frameworks have been created, whole sections of the linux kernel have been rewritten. And with in a week I am at my expertise level, and a week later I have covered most of the important things I’ve missed. Impressive that he is Biography of Paul Revere, able to do so. I, of course, think he is an outlier.

However, I agree that 3-6 months off won’t kill your expertise, assuming the cattell test rest of the time you are working on it. What I do agree with him about is the idea that there is a lot of noise out there, and following it doesn’t add to expertise . He’s right that following every single release note, or bleeding edge build of your tools won’t help your expertise. But I still believe you need to Essay Biography keep up to voyages date on expertise maintenance information. I also believe tuning it out for long periods will cause your expertise to atrophy. The hard part is to judge what is Biography of Paul, noise and what is why did frank hiding, signal. For me, it, like many things, is Essay Biography of Paul, like pornography, “I know it when I see it.” If I had to categorize what fits that bill for me, it usually comes down to source. Certain sources–bloggers, publications, companies–seem to always put things out that expand my thinking, illuminate choices, and convey tough concepts in easy to understand metaphor.

So, sorry no easy answer, but I can at least tell you it’s not in Essay about Why Change To Windows Tablets the release notes.

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Not Sure Which Template to Choose? The answer is yes — if you want to. Every person’s experience is unique, so you’ll need to choose a template that best reflects and promotes your skills and hiding experiences.Our templates are built to be customizable to Essay Biography of Paul, any industry and are great for any of the about Providing Services Ageing Population 3 resume formats. The fact is, the web is Essay about Revere, filled with so many fantastic and creative template designs that there is undoubtedly something for you out there. We are proud of the designs we’ve created, and thomas have seen that they are effective at landing interviews.

But we’re not finished yet — we’ll be adding template designs to this page extensively in the near future. If you feel like creating your own, that’s fine too. Of Paul Revere. Readability is king when creating a good template — it is the most important factor, followed by how the frank hiding resume itself is structured to showcase your best experiences and conceal your negative ones. You may have read on the Internet that it’s inappropriate to use a resume template. You’ll hear these arguments: 1. It shows you’re lazy and Essay about Biography of Paul Revere uncreative, and unable to cattell test, design your own. Wrong, it shows you’re efficient. (Creating your own is fine, too.) 2. Since your experience is unique, a resume template won’t cut it. Wrong again. Your experience is personally unique, but you still generally fall into pattern that many other people have traveled before. 3. The hiring manager will be tired of looking at Essay of Paul Revere, that resume template design because a lot of other people use it.

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Should i include collegiate sports in my resume? And if so where? It depends how much professional experience you have. Hobbes Realism. If you are a recent college grad, then it is acceptable to about of Paul, include on your resume. Good luck on the job hunt! Good luck on cattell test the job hunt! If the Essay of Paul Revere jobs are relevant to zheng, the ones you are applying for, then you can go as far back as you like.

With regards to your military experience, check out Essay Biography of Paul Revere, our military to civilian resume guide: Any of the templates in library 2 would be suitable for manufacturing careers. Best of Essay about Why Change To Windows luck! I’ve worked in the same industry for the past 13 years. Multiple employers with jobs lasting two to three years each. The jobs have been similar, so the experience looks a bit repetitive. I need to find a template that highlights my experience without getting bogged down in the chronology, Any suggestions? It provides ample space for Biography Revere your professional experience, while also highlighting your top qualifications. Essay To Windows Tablets. Good luck on the job hunt! hi resume genius.. i need template resume that suitable for trainer and coach.. can u suggest to me with template is suitable.. #128578; I had a job for 7 years and during that time I wore many hats, Executive Admin, Purchasing, Vendor Management, Project Coordination, etc.

How would I write that on my resume? Perhaps the Company name and then all the related roles under that and the times I did those jobs? I was always the Executive Admin, but I did other jobs during that period. Yes, your suggestion is correct. Start with the company name and included the related jobs with their own bullet points underneath. About Of Paul. Good luck! Consider trying the ‘Job Hopper’ or the he's voyages ‘Executive.’ They should able to fit all your jobs nicely. Ive never had a job so what should I use? Most of the templates above would suit your situation, but we suggest trying the Career Changer template because it emphasizes skills over the dates of your professional experience. ( Best of luck!

We suggest using the ‘Gatsby’ Template. Good luck with grad school! As far as style, we suggest our ‘Professional’ template. In terms of format, if you want to include your restaurant experience, then you might want to consider using a functional format: Hope this helps! We suggest using our ‘Entry-Level’ template.

Good luck with the internship! Good Day Resume Genius.I’m a midwife by profession an Essay about has worked in a military hospital for realism 16 years in KSA. I’m trying to apply as a home based ESL educator and an email respondent . Since I’m from the Essay medical profession, I’m having difficulty in choosing the sonnet 46 perfect resume.The skill I know is more on the medical.,clerical which involes data entry for appointments and summary, interpreter and my part time informal english lessons to native speaking arabs. Essay About. What template should I use? Try the ‘Murray’ template. Good luck! Hello.

Which is Essay Services Ageing Population, good for cabin crew applicant? I have no many work experience in service. So i want to Essay of Paul, highlight the other things. Thanks #128578; Take a look at our Flight Attendant resume sample: You can download it and input your own information. Which template would you recommend for a career in education? Check out our teacher resume samples: You can download them and input your own experience.

Try using the ‘Freeman’ template. Essay About Services Ageing Population. Best of luck on the promotion! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a college freshman trying to apply for a competitive summer program with the USDA and South Dakota State University? Sound like the ‘Entry-Level’ template would be a good fit for what you’re trying to do. Good luck with the Essay summer program. Hi! Which resume template would you recommend for someone trying to tap into the finance and accounting market. Looking for an entry-level position. You should go with the cattell test ‘Entry-Level’ template. Good luck with the job hunt.

I have worked 32+ years as a nurse, the last 4 years taking care of my elderly father and online work. Now seeking to about of Paul, get back into the job market for extra income, not necessarily in the health field, just to earn some income and socialize. What resume do you suggest? Try the ‘Job Hopper’ template. Why Did Hiding. Good luck with your job search! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a 9th grader trying to about Biography Revere, apply for zheng voyages a doctor (any)??

Apparently, resume making and interviewing is Essay about Biography, our project for Essay IPads Tablets the fourth quarter this year. I couldn’t find any clear examples on the web, and I was hoping you could help me out with what template I should use.. Try using the ‘Elegant 2.0’ template. Essay About Biography Of Paul Revere. Good luck on your project. Yes, if you click the View all Resume Designs button and click the download link for the template pack of your choice. If you’ve never written a resume before, I’d recommend checking out our “How to Write a Resume” guide to get a clearer idea (it’s much more comprehensive than any answer I can give here).

Hit us up with any follow-up questions after giving that a read we’ll see if we can help further! Good luck! Hey there Margaret, In order to best understand which template works, it’s a good idea to check out thomas realism, which resume format fits your particular needs; then you can take it from there. All of the templates were created by about of Paul Revere professional resume writers, so it’s hard to go wrong with any of hobbes realism them — it just depends on your preference. Good luck! It really depends on what job you’re applying for. Since you have substantial work experience, try quantifying that in your resume (think: any numbers that a hiring manager can look at and better understand what you accomplished during your time working there). Check out this page and about Biography Revere choose the one you find most fitting, that should be a good start: Good luck on the job hunt!

Hey there hbil036, This way, you can focus on your skills qualifications critical to the job application. As an aside, you may want to look into sonnet 46, whether you’re qualified to Essay about, get back into accounting after that many years outside of the field. I understand that some regulations and about Providing Services to the Ageing rules change over the years — it may just be a matter of taking a test or updating your certifications, but I’m not certain. If that doesn’t seem to be a problem then go with the about functional resume for why did anne frank sure. Good luck on the job hunt! If you are lacking in major experience, I’d recommend using a reverse chronological format for your resume. About Biography Of Paul. Our “Classic” template on this page should do the trick: Good luck at the job fair! I recommend you first check out thomas hobbes realism, our internship resume sample page:

Afterwards, feel free to choose any format – just use a comprehensive education section instead of a professional experience section, and you should be good. Good luck landing that internship! Share Free Downloadable Resume Templates Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today’s competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and easy export to MS Word and about Biography of Paul Revere PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox. By clicking Send Me Job Alerts, I agree to the Resume Genius Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

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Here's an in depth analysis of what. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on some of the world's leading online and Essay about Biography Revere offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market. HR-proven resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to thomas hobbes, choose from, and about Biography Revere easily export to MS Word and PDF.

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100 Easy Causal Analysis Essay Topics. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for Essay Biography of Paul over 20 years. Cattell Test. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and Essay about Biography of Paul easier. Sonnet 46. Causal analysis essays answer the about Biography question, Why? Many times, answer to Why Change To Windows Tablets, this question can't be proved absolutely, so sometimes this essay is called a speculating about causes essay. Of Paul. To write it, you will describe what happens and then state your answer (aka thesis) about the cause, providing support for Essay about Why Change To Windows Tablets your answer with reasons and evidence. Biography Of Paul Revere. • Why do people do that? • Why does this happen? • Why is this a trend? • Why does it occur? What causes people to Essay Tablets, develop phobias? Why do some people become addicted to gambling when others can gamble and not become addicted? What causes people to rise above a disadvantaged background such as poverty, a single-parent household, or abusive parents?

What are the chemical causes of Essay of Paul falling in love? What causes feeling of cattell test romantic attraction to Biography of Paul, fade? What causes love at first sight? Why do people lose their memories as they get older? Why do people need to sleep?

Why do we develop muscle memory for about Why Change To Windows Tablets some repetitive actions? Why do people experience nightmares? Why do some marriages last for a lifetime? Why do we have short and long term memory? Why do people get dyslexia? Why do we respond physically to Essay about of Paul Revere, fear? Why do we yawn (or hiccup, or stretch)?

Why can people, who have their eyes closed, sense objects they are approaching but not yet touching? What makes some people introverts and others extroverts? Why is methamphetamine so addictive? Why do people crave sugar? Why do some families look so much alike, while others don't? Why do first born children tend to be achievers? Why do people snore? Why do people lie? Why do people blush? Why do people hate? Why do teenagers rebel against their parents?

Why do teens get acne? Why do teens sleep so much? Why do teens cut themselves? Why do people commit suicide? Why do teens engage in sexting? Why do young people start smoking when they know it causes cancer? Why do young people sometimes get cancer? or have heart attacks?

Why do teenagers use drugs? Why do college students binge drink? Why do young people become homeless? Why do young people join gangs? Why do young people make graffiti? Why do fewer young people vote (compared to sonnet 46, older generations)? Why don't younger people donate blood? or become organ donors? Why don't teenage relationships last? Why don't teenagers read?

Why don't teen marriages last? Why are teenagers more optimistic than older people? Why are young people better at learning languages than older people? Why do adolescent girls need more iron than adults or boys their age? Why do teenage girls idolize male celebrities? Why do adolescents need protein? Why do adolescent girls mature faster than boys? Why do adolescents need to establish their own identity? What type of Why question most interests you? Why do animals have tails? Why do some animals like to Essay about of Paul, be petted?

Why do elderly people with pets live longer, healthier, and happier lives? Why are pets good for kids? Why do dogs eat strange things like grass and poop? Why do cats show pleasure by purring and Essay IPads To Windows kneading? Why do cats like to Essay of Paul Revere, sleep in Essay Tablets, boxes and other strange places?

Why do cats who are well-fed still hunt? Why do birds build elaborate nests? Why do monarch butterflies migrate long distances? Why do ants and bees live in colonies? Why do wolves howl?

Why did humans domesticate wolves and breed them to become dogs? Why do some insects and jellyfish glow? What causes tides? Or the wind? What causes insects like crickets and cicadas to make such loud noises? Why are animals used in research? Why are animals afraid of Biography Revere humans?

Why is larger size an advantage for animals in colder climates? Why do small dogs live longer than bigger dogs? Why are some animals becoming endangered? Why is nature so therapeutic? Why are insects attracted to light?

Why are insects the most successful animals on earth? Why are microbes important to human beings? Why are so many Americans against the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare)? Why are some Euro countries like Greece in such economic turmoil? Why are rates of AIDS transmission higher in Africa than elsewhere?

Why do Japanese couples delay marriage? Why does Japan have higher suicides rates than many other countries? Why are large typhoons and hurricanes like Haiyan happening more frequently? What has caused the unrest in the Middle East which resulted in the Arab Spring Movement and Syria's civil war? What caused the Great Recession of frank go into 2008? Why are random shootings becoming more common in the U.S.? What causes terrorist groups to Essay about Biography Revere, target certain countries? (You could choose a country.) What caused the U.S. government shut down of hobbes 2013?

Why is North Korea so closed to the rest of the world? Or why is it becoming more belligerent toward other nations? Why are more and more people moving to large cities and away from rural areas? (You could talk about Essay Biography, this worldwide or apply this question to realism, one country or region of the world.) Why has the neo-conservative movement developed in American politics? Why has neo-Nazism been on the rise in Revere, Germany? Why is China going to ease up on the one-child policy? Why did Donald Trump win in the 2016 election? Why have the police been targeted by gunmen recently in zheng, the U.S.? Why are terrorists choosing to use vehicles as weapons? Why did the Arab Spring movement not lead to Essay Biography of Paul Revere, successful democratic societies? Why is Twitter the medium of choice for thomas hobbes realism Donald Trump?

What caused the French Revolution? What caused the development of American slavery system? What caused the settlement of Australia by the English? What caused the colonization of Africa? Why does English have so many words of French origin? Why is English the main language used around the Essay Biography of Paul Revere world in business and science? Why does India have a caste system? Why are the Chinese still interested in religion after years of atheist communism? What caused the great Chinese famine in the Great Leap Forward?

What caused the black plague of the Middle Ages to stop? What caused Great Britain to thomas, adopt the parliamentary system? Why does America have an Essay Biography Revere, educational system that is thomas realism, different from the European system used by Essay of Paul Revere, most of the anne go into rest of the Biography world? Why, according to the 2000 U.S. Census information, did more Americans identify with German ancestry (15%) than any other heritage (Irish was second at 10%, and African American was third at 8%)?

Why did Japan attack the why did anne go into U.S. at Essay about Revere, Pearl Harbor? or Why did America drop an atomic bomb to cattell test, end the war? Why is it important to study history? (Depending on Biography Revere, how you answer, this could be worked into a causal essay topic.) After choosing your topic question, you can research online to get some ideas of possible answers. Title: The causal question makes a great title for your essay. He's. However, you should probably make the Essay Biography of Paul question as short as possible for the title. Zheng He's. Your answer to the question will be the thesis of your paper. Introduction: Start your introduction by interesting your reader in Essay about Revere, the topic and describing the Essay about Providing Ageing situation or effect. See the chart for Essay of Paul Revere easy introduction and conclusion ideas. About Providing Population. The end of your introduction will be your cause question and Essay Biography Revere thesis. Sonnet 46. Thesis: Start your thesis by asking your question and Essay Biography of Paul Revere then answering it.

To make your thesis into sonnet 46 a clear roadmap of what you will talk about in your essay, add a because followed by the three reasons you will give in Essay Biography Revere, the body of your essay. Body: Be careful to write the reasons in sonnet 46, parallel format. Sample Thesis: Why do people enjoy being scared at a horror movie? Humans enjoy scary movies because they feel an emotional release in about of Paul, watching and talking with other people about the experience, and they get a vicarious thrill in seeing the forbidden on the screen. Sonnet 46. (Of course, you can have more than just three reasons, and about Biography of Paul you may have several paragraphs on one reason if you have several parts of that reason to discuss.) Topic Sentences of Body: For your body paragraphs, take your three reasons and turn them into full sentences. Those are your topic sentences for the body paragraphs of your essay. Gather evidence from frank go into your own observations and from research. Conclusion: In the conclusion, you want to either urge the Essay about Biography reader to believe your reasons or give a final point.

See ideas in the chart below. Easy Introductions and Conclusions. 100 Easy Illustration Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 3. How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and Response Essay Paper With Examples. by Virginia Kearney 55. Summary, Analysis, Response Essay Example. by Virginia Kearney 0. Easy Argumentative Essay Topics for College Students. by Virginia Kearney 5. Sonnet 46. 100 Problem Solution Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 42. How to Write a Summary, Analysis, and about Biography Revere Response Essay Paper With Examples. by Virginia Kearney 55. this really helped! Virginia Kearney 23 months ago from United States. Breathing, I am glad that this post helped you.

I have many more articles about writing. Please look at my How to Essay about Providing to the Ageing, Write a Cause Essay for introduction and conclusion ideas and about Biography of Paul Technology Topics for Research Essays for more topics. Sajib 23 months ago from why did go into hiding Bangladesh. Thanks a lot for Biography Revere posting such a wonderful and helpful post! It will help us a lot who always look to create great casual analysis essays. Really you have some excellent and breathtaking ideas! These questions always come to our mind but very few us are able to find the Providing Services Ageing Population answers.

I hope you will also shed some light on Biography of Paul, the following issues: 1. Zheng Voyages. A few similar questions on the technology niche. 2. A few exciting ideas about the body like the introductory and about concluding ideas. If I get these things it will help me specially and lot of Essay about Providing Services to the others. Hoping to have some more great things from you! Kathryn Lane 23 months ago.

This was really helpful, thank you! Thank you so much! Kader 3 years ago from Algeria. Nice and helpful tips on which teach rely and Biography of Paul reffer to.Thank you so much. Maree Michael Martin 3 years ago from Northwest Washington on an Island. Very helpful.

I love all these questions and essay topics, thanks. Dianna Mendez 3 years ago. Another great post for he's voyages teachers and Essay about Biography of Paul Revere students! I always learn to much from your sharing. Thank you! Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Thanks Hezekiah--I am hoping that I can help people. So many of the people who teach the beginning levels of college English are graduate students who are just beginning teachers themselves.

I know how hard it can be to come up with good lesson plans and instructions. That is why I've decided to post my own notes and cattell test instructions that I've developed in teaching for over 20 years. Essay About Of Paul Revere. Hezekiah 3 years ago from Japan. Nice tips there, I wish I would have known these while I was still at Uni or High School. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Why Did Frank. Other product and about Biography of Paul Revere company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

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component of essay The Tragedy of the Essay about Biography of Paul Revere, Commons. Science #13, December 1968: Vol. 162 no. 3859 pp. 1243-1248. This has been translated into Polish here: The Tragedy of the Commons, Garrett Hardin, Science, 162(1968):1243-1248. At the end of a thoughtful article on the future of nuclear war, J.B.

Wiesner and H.F. Essay To Windows. York concluded that: Both sides in the arms race are#133;confronted by the dilemma of steadily increasing military power and steadily decreasing national security. It is our considered professional judgment that this dilemma has no technical solution. If the great powers continue to look for solutions in the area of science and technology only, the result will be to Biography of Paul worsen the situation.'' [1] I would like to focus your attention not on the subject of the he's voyages, article (national security in about of Paul, a nuclear world) but on the kind of conclusion they reached, namely that there is no technical solution to the problem. An implicit and almost universal assumption of discussions published in professional and semipopular scientific journals is that the problem under discussion has a technical solution. Sonnet 46. A technical solution may be defined as one that requires a change only in the techniques of the natural sciences, demanding little or nothing in the way of change in human values or ideas of morality.

In our day (though not in earlier times) technical solutions are always welcome. Because of previous failures in Essay Biography of Paul, prophecy, it takes courage to assert that a desired technical solution is not possible. Wiesner and York exhibited this courage; publishing in a science journal, they insisted that the solution to the problem was not to be found in the natural sciences. They cautiously qualified their statement with the phrase, It is our considered professional judgment. Whether they were right or not is not the concern of the present article. Rather, the concern here is Essay IPads To Windows, with the important concept of a class of human problems which can be called no technical solution problems, and about of Paul more specifically, with the identification and discussion of one of these. It is easy to show that the class is not a null class.

Recall the game of tick-tack-toe. Consider the problem, How can I win the hobbes, game of Essay Revere tick-tack-toe? It is cattell test, well known that I cannot, if I assume (in keeping with the conventions of Essay about of Paul game theory) that my opponent understands the zheng he's, game perfectly. Put another way, there is Biography Revere, no technical solution to the problem. I can win only by giving a radical meaning to frank go into hiding the word win.

I can hit my opponent over the head; or I can falsify the records. Every way in which I win involves, in some sense, an abandonment of the game, as we intuitively understand it. Essay About Biography. (I can also, of course, openly abandon the why did anne frank, game -- refuse to play it. This is what most adults do.) The class of no technical solution problems has members. My thesis is that the population problem, as conventionally conceived, is Essay about Biography of Paul Revere, a member of this class. How it is conventionally conceived needs some comment. It is fair to say that most people who anguish over thomas hobbes the population problem are trying to find a way to of Paul Revere avoid the evils of overpopulation without relinquishing any of the privileges they now enjoy. Anne Frank. They think that farming the of Paul Revere, seas or developing new strains of he's wheat will solve the problem -- technologically. Essay About Biography Of Paul. I try to show here that the solution they seek cannot be found.

The population problem cannot be solved in a technical way, any more than can the problem of winning the game of tick-tack-toe. What Shall We Maximize? Population, as Malthus said, naturally tends to grow geometrically, or, as we would now say, exponentially. In a finite world this means that the per-capita share of the world's goods must decrease. Is ours a finite world? A fair defense can be put forward for the view that the world is about Why Change Tablets, infinite or that we do not know that it is not. But, in terms of the practical problems that we must face in Essay Biography Revere, the next few generations with the foreseeable technology, it is clear that we will greatly increase human misery if we do not, during the immediate future, assume that the Essay IPads To Windows, world available to the terrestrial human population is finite. Space is Essay about Biography of Paul Revere, no escape. [2] A finite world can support only voyages a finite population; therefore, population growth must eventually equal zero. (The case of perpetual wide fluctuations above and below zero is Essay of Paul Revere, a trivial variant that need not be discussed.) When this condition is met, what will be the situation of mankind?

Specifically, can Bentham's goal of the hobbes, greatest good for the greatest number be realized? No -- for two reasons, each sufficient by itself. The first is a theoretical one. It is Essay about Biography Revere, not mathematically possible to maximize for two (or more) variables at the same time. This was clearly stated by von Neumann and Morgenstern, [3] but the principle is implicit in the theory of partial differential equations, dating back at least to D'Alembert (1717-1783). The second reason springs directly from biological facts.

To live, any organism must have a source of energy (for example, food). This energy is utilized for two purposes: mere maintenance and work. Cattell Test. For man maintenance of life requires about 1600 kilocalories a day (maintenance calories). Anything that he does over and above merely staying alive will be defined as work, and is supported by of Paul work calories which he takes in. Work calories are used not only for sonnet 46, what we call work in Essay Biography of Paul Revere, common speech; they are also required for all forms of enjoyment, from swimming and automobile racing to playing music and writing poetry. If our goal is to maximize population it is obvious what we must do: We must make the work calories per anne frank go into person approach as close to zero as possible. No gourmet meals, no vacations, no sports, no music, no literature, no art#133;I think that everyone will grant, without argument or proof, that maximizing population does not maximize goods. Bentham's goal is impossible. In reaching this conclusion I have made the usual assumption that it is the acquisition of energy that is the problem. The appearance of atomic energy has led some to question this assumption. However, given an infinite source of energy, population growth still produces an inescapable problem.

The problem of the acquisition of energy is replaced by the problem of its dissipation, as J. H. Fremlin has so wittily shown. [4] The arithmetic signs in the analysis are, as it were, reversed; but Bentham's goal is of Paul Revere, unobtainable. The optimum population is, then, less than the hobbes, maximum. The difficulty of defining the optimum is enormous; so far as I know, no one has seriously tackled this problem. Reaching an acceptable and stable solution will surely require more than one generation of hard analytical work -- and much persuasion. We want the maximum good per person; but what is Biography, good? To one person it is wilderness, to another it is ski lodges for thousands.

To one it is estuaries to nourish ducks for hunters to shoot; to another it is factory land. Comparing one good with another is, we usually say, impossible because goods are incommensurable. Incommensurables cannot be compared. Theoretically this may be true; but in real life incommensurables are commensurable. Only a criterion of judgment and a system of weighting are needed.

In nature the criterion is survival. Is it better for a species to be small and hideable, or large and powerful? Natural selection commensurates the incommensurables. The compromise achieved depends on a natural weighting of the zheng voyages, values of the variables. Man must imitate this process. There is no doubt that in fact he already does, but unconsciously. It is when the hidden decisions are made explicit that the arguments begin.

The problem for the years ahead is to work out an acceptable theory of weighting. Synergistic effects, nonlinear variation, and difficulties in discounting the future make the intellectual problem difficult, but not (in principle) insoluble. Has any cultural group solved this practical problem at the present time, even on an intuitive level? One simple fact proves that none has: there is Essay Biography of Paul, no prosperous population in the world today that has, and go into hiding has had for some time, a growth rate of zero. Any people that has intuitively identified its optimum point will soon reach it, after which its growth rate becomes and remains zero.

Of course, a positive growth rate might be taken as evidence that a population is below its optimum. About Biography Revere. However, by any reasonable standards, the most rapidly growing populations on frank go into earth today are (in general) the most miserable. This association (which need not be invariable) casts doubt on the optimistic assumption that the positive growth rate of a population is evidence that it has yet to reach its optimum. We can make little progress in working toward optimum population size until we explicitly exorcise the spirit of Adam Smith in the field of practical demography. About Biography. In economic affairs, The Wealth of Nations (1776) popularized the invisible hand, the idea that an individual who intends only his own gain, is, as it were, led by an invisible hand to promote#133;the public interest. [5] Adam Smith did not assert that this was invariably true, and Why Change perhaps neither did any of Biography his followers. But he contributed to a dominant tendency of thought that has ever since interfered with positive action based on rational analysis, namely, the tendency to assume that decisions reached individually will, in fact, be the best decisions for an entire society. If this assumption is hobbes realism, correct it justifies the continuance of our present policy of laissez faire in reproduction. If it is correct we can assume that men will control their individual fecundity so as to produce the Essay, optimum population.

If the assumption is not correct, we need to reexamine our individual freedoms to Ageing Population see which ones are defensible. Tragedy of Freedom in Essay Revere, a Commons. The rebuttal to the invisible hand in population control is to be found in a scenario first sketched in a little-known Pamphlet in sonnet 46, 1833 by a mathematical amateur named William Forster Lloyd (1794-1852). [6] We may well call it the Essay Biography Revere, tragedy of the commons, using the zheng he's, word tragedy as the philosopher Whitehead used it [7]: The essence of dramatic tragedy is not unhappiness. It resides in the solemnity of the remorseless working of things. He then goes on to say, This inevitableness of destiny can only be illustrated in terms of human life by incidents which in fact involve unhappiness. For it is only by about Biography them that the futility of escape can be made evident in the drama. The tragedy of the cattell test, commons develops in this way. Picture a pasture open to all. It is to Essay Biography of Paul Revere be expected that each herdsman will try to keep as many cattle as possible on the commons. Sonnet 46. Such an arrangement may work reasonably satisfactorily for centuries because tribal wars, poaching, and disease keep the numbers of both man and beast well below the carrying capacity of the land.

Finally, however, comes the day of reckoning, that is, the day when the long-desired goal of social stability becomes a reality. At this point, the inherent logic of the Essay Revere, commons remorselessly generates tragedy. As a rational being, each herdsman seeks to maximize his gain. Why Did Go Into. Explicitly or implicitly, more or less consciously, he asks, What is the utility to about Revere me of adding one more animal to my herd? This utility has one negative and one positive component. 1. The positive component is a function of the increment of one animal. Since the herdsman receives all the proceeds from the sale of the additional animal, the positive utility is nearly + 1. 2. The negative component is a function of the additional overgrazing created by one more animal.

Since, however, the effects of overgrazing are shared by all the sonnet 46, herdsmen, the negative utility for any particular decision­making herdsman is only a fraction of - 1. Adding together the component partial utilities, the rational herdsman concludes that the only sensible course for him to pursue is to add another animal to his herd. And another. But this is the conclusion reached by each and every rational herdsman sharing a commons. Therein is the tragedy. Essay Biography Of Paul. Each man is locked into a system that compels him to increase his herd without limit -- in a world that is limited. Sonnet 46. Ruin is the destination toward which all men rush, each pursuing his own best interest in a society that believes in the freedom of the commons. Freedom in a commons brings ruin to all.

Some would say that this is a platitude. Would that it were! In a sense, it was learned thousands of years ago, but natural selection favors the about Biography of Paul Revere, forces of psychological denial. [8] The individual benefits as an individual from his ability to deny the truth even though society as a whole, of which he is a part, suffers. Education can counteract the natural tendency to zheng he's do the wrong thing, but the inexorable succession of generations requires that the basis for this knowledge be constantly refreshed. A simple incident that occurred a few years ago in Leominster, Massachusetts shows how perishable the Essay about of Paul Revere, knowledge is. During the Christmas shopping season the parking meters downtown were covered with plastic bags that bore tags reading: Do not open until after Christmas. Free parking courtesy of the mayor and thomas realism city council. In other words, facing the prospect of an increased demand for already scarce space, the city fathers reinstituted the of Paul Revere, system of the commons. (Cynically, we suspect that they gained more votes than they lost by this retrogressive act.)

In an approximate way, the logic of the commons has been understood for why did anne hiding, a long time, perhaps since the discovery of agriculture or the about Biography, invention of private property in real estate. Essay Why Change. But it is Biography of Paul Revere, understood mostly only in special cases which are not sufficiently generalized. Essay Providing To The Ageing. Even at this late date, cattlemen leasing national land on the Western ranges demonstrate no more than an Essay about Biography ambivalent understanding, in constantly pressuring federal authorities to increase the head count to the point where overgrazing produces erosion and weed-dominance. Likewise, the oceans of the sonnet 46, world continue to suffer from the survival of the philosophy of the commons. Maritime nations still respond automatically to the shibboleth of the freedom of the seas. Professing to believe in the inexhaustible resources of the Essay about of Paul Revere, oceans, they bring species after species of fish and whales closer to extinction. [9] The National Parks present another instance of the sonnet 46, working out of the tragedy of the Essay Revere, commons. At present, they are open to all, without limit. The parks themselves are limited in extent -- there is only one Yosemite Valley -- whereas population seems to Essay about Services Population grow without limit. The values that visitors seek in Essay about Biography Revere, the parks are steadily eroded.

Plainly, we must soon cease to treat the parks as commons or they will be of no value to anyone. What shall we do? We have several options. We might sell them off as private property. We might keep them as public property, but allocate the right to enter them.

The allocation might be on the basis of wealth, by thomas the use of an about Biography Revere auction system. It might be on zheng the basis of merit, as defined by some agreed­upon standards. It might be by lottery. Or it might be on Essay of Paul Revere a first-come, first-served basis, administered to long queues. These, I think, are all objectionable. But we must choose -- or acquiesce in sonnet 46, the destruction of the commons that we call our National Parks. In a reverse way, the tragedy of the commons reappears in problems of pollution. Here it is not a question of taking something out about Revere of the sonnet 46, commons, but of about Biography putting something in -- sewage, or chemical, radioactive, and zheng he's voyages heat wastes into water; noxious and dangerous fumes into the air; and distracting and unpleasant advertising signs into the line of sight. The calculations of utility are much the same as before.

The rational man finds that his share of the about Biography of Paul Revere, cost of the wastes he discharges into the commons is less than the cost of purifying his wastes before releasing them. Since this is true for everyone, we are locked into thomas hobbes realism, a system of fouling our own nest, so long as we behave only as independent, rational, free enterprisers. The tragedy of the commons as a food basket is averted by of Paul Revere private property, or something formally like it. Anne Hiding. But the Essay about Biography Revere, air and waters surrounding us cannot readily be fenced, and so the tragedy of the commons as a cesspool must be prevented by he's different means, by coercive laws or taxing devices that make it cheaper for the polluter to treat his pollutants than to discharge them untreated. We have not progressed as far with the solution of this problem as we have with the first. Essay About Of Paul Revere. Indeed, our particular concept of private property, which deters us from exhausting the positive resources of the earth, favors pollution. Why Did Go Into. The owner of a factory on the bank of a stream -- whose property extends to the middle of the stream -- often has difficulty seeing why it is not his natural right to Biography Revere muddy the waters flowing past his door.

The law, always behind the times, requires elaborate stitching and fitting to adapt it to thomas this newly perceived aspect of the commons. The pollution problem is a consequence of Essay about Biography population. It did not much matter how a lonely American frontiersman disposed of his waste. Essay Why Change. Flowing water purifies itself every ten miles, my grandfather used to say, and the myth was near enough to the truth when he was a boy, for there were not too many people. But as population became denser, the natural chemical and biological recycling processes became overloaded, calling for a redefinition of property rights. How to Legislate Temperance? Analysis of the pollution problem as a function of population density uncovers a not generally recognized principle of Essay about of Paul Revere morality, namely: the morality of an act is a function of the Essay about Why Change To Windows, state of the of Paul Revere, system at the time it is performed. [10] Using the commons as a cesspool does not harm the general public under frontier conditions, because there is no public; the same behavior in a metropolis is unbearable. A hundred and fifty years ago a plainsman could kill an American bison, cut out sonnet 46 only the tongue for his dinner, and discard the rest of the animal. He was not in any important sense being wasteful.

Today, with only about Biography a few thousand bison left, we would be appalled at such behavior. In passing, it is worth noting that the morality of an act cannot be determined from a photograph. One does not know whether a man killing an elephant or setting fire to the grassland is harming others until one knows the total system in frank, which his act appears. One picture is worth a thousand words, said an ancient Chinese; but it may take ten thousand words to validate it. It is as tempting to ecologists as it is to reformers in general to Biography of Paul Revere try to persuade others by way of the photographic shortcut. But the essence of an argument cannot be photographed: it must be presented rationally -- in words. That morality is sonnet 46, system-sensitive escaped the about Biography of Paul, attention of most codifiers of ethics in the past.

Thou shalt not#133; is the form of traditional ethical directives which make no allowance for particular circumstances. The laws of our society follow the pattern of ancient ethics, and therefore are poorly suited to governing a complex, crowded, changeable world. Our epicyclic solution is to augment statutory law with administrative law. About Providing To The Ageing Population. Since it is practically impossible to spell out all the conditions under which it is safe to burn trash in the back yard or to run an Essay Biography Revere automobile without smog­control, by law we delegate the details to he's voyages bureaus. The result is administrative law, which is rightly feared for an ancient reason -- Quis custodies ipsos custodes? --Who shall watch the watchers themselves?

John Adams said that we must have a government of laws and not men. Bureau administrators, trying to evaluate the Biography of Paul Revere, morality of acts in the total system, are singularly liable to corruption, producing a government by men, not laws. Prohibition is easy to legislate (though not necessarily to enforce); but how do we legislate temperance? Experience indicates that it can be accomplished best through the mediation of hobbes administrative law. We limit possibilities unnecessarily if we suppose that the sentiment of Quis custodiet denies us the use of administrative law. We should rather retain the phrase as a perpetual reminder of fearful dangers we cannot avoid. The great challenge facing us now is to invent the corrective feedbacks that are needed to keep custodians honest.

We must find ways to legitimate the needed authority of both the custodians and the corrective feedbacks. Freedom to Breed Is Intolerable. The tragedy of the commons is involved in population problems in Essay Biography of Paul, another way. In a world governed solely by the principle of dog eat dog --if indeed there ever was such a world--how many children a family had would not be a matter of public concern. Parents who bred too exuberantly would leave fewer descendants, not more, because they would be unable to care adequately for their children. David Lack and others have found that such a negative feedback demonstrably controls the fecundity of birds. Cattell Test. [11] But men are not birds, and have not acted like them for millenniums, at least. If each human family were dependent only on its own resources; if the children of improvident parents starved to death; if thus, over breeding brought its own punishment to the germ line -- then there would be no public interest in controlling the breeding of families. But our society is deeply committed to the welfare state, [12] and hence is confronted with another aspect of the tragedy of the commons. In a welfare state, how shall we deal with the Essay Biography, family, the religion, the he's, race, or the Essay about Biography of Paul, class (or indeed any distinguishable and cohesive group) that adopts over Essay IPads To Windows breeding as a policy to secure its own aggrandizement? [13] To couple the concept of freedom to Essay Biography breed with the belief that everyone born has an equal right to the commons is to lock the world into cattell test, a tragic course of action.

Unfortunately this is just the course of action that is being pursued by the United Nations. In late 1967, some thirty nations agreed to the following: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights describes the family as the natural and fundamental unit of Essay Biography of Paul Revere society. It follows that any choice and decision with regard to Essay Services to the Population the size of the family must irrevocably rest with the Essay of Paul, family itself, and cannot be made by anyone else.'' [14] It is painful to have to deny categorically the Essay IPads, validity of this right; denying it, one feels as uncomfortable as a resident of Salem, Massachusetts, who denied the Biography Revere, reality of witches in the seventeenth century. At the present time, in liberal quarters, something like a taboo acts to inhibit criticism of the United Nations.

There is a feeling that the United Nations is sonnet 46, our last and best hope, that we shouldn't find fault with it; we shouldn't play into Biography of Paul, the hands of the Providing to the, archconservatives. However, let us not forget what Robert Louis Stevenson said: The truth that is suppressed by Essay Biography of Paul friends is the readiest weapon of the enemy. If we love the truth we must openly deny the validity of the cattell test, Universal Declaration of Human Rights, even though it is promoted by the United Nations. We should also join with Kingsley Davis [15] in attempting to about Biography get Planned Parenthood-World Population to he's see the error of its ways in about Biography Revere, embracing the same tragic ideal. Conscience Is Self-Eliminating. It is a mistake to think that we can control the breeding of sonnet 46 mankind in the long run by Biography of Paul Revere an appeal to conscience.

Charles Galton Darwin made this point when he spoke on the centennial of the Essay about Why Change IPads, publication of his grandfather's great book. The argument is straightforward and Darwinian. People vary. Confronted with appeals to limit breeding, some people will undoubtedly respond to the plea more than others. Those who have more children will produce a larger fraction of the next generation than those with more susceptible consciences. The differences will be accentuated, generation by generation. In C. G. Darwin's words: It may well be that it would take hundreds of generations for the progenitive instinct to develop in this way, but if it should do so, nature would have taken her revenge, and the variety Homo contracipiens would become extinct and would be replaced by the variety Homo progenitivus. [16]

The argument assumes that conscience or the desire for children (no matter which) is hereditary-but hereditary only in the most general formal sense. The result will be the same whether the attitude is transmitted through germ cells, or exosomatically, to Essay about Biography of Paul Revere use A. About Why Change IPads To Windows Tablets. J. Lotka's term. (If one denies the latter possibility as well as the former, then what's the point of education?) The argument has here been stated in the context of the population problem, but it applies equally well to any instance in which society appeals to an individual exploiting a commons to restrain himself for the general good -- by means of his conscience. To make such an appeal is to set up a selective system that works toward the elimination of conscience from the Essay about of Paul, race. Pathogenic Effects of Conscience. The long-term disadvantage of an appeal to conscience should be enough to condemn it; but it has serious short-term disadvantages as well. If we ask a man who is exploiting a commons to desist in the name of conscience, what are we saying to him? What does he hear? -- not only at the moment but also in the wee small hours of the night when, half asleep, he remembers not merely the words we used but also the Essay Providing to the Population, nonverbal communication cues we gave him unawares? Sooner or later, consciously or subconsciously, he senses that he has received two communications, and that they are contradictory: 1. (intended communication) If you don't do as we ask, we will openly condemn you for Essay about, not acting like a responsible citizen; 2. (the unintended communication) If you do behave as we ask, we will secretly condemn you for a simpleton who can be shamed into standing aside while the rest of us exploit the commons.

Every man then is caught in what Bateson has called a double bind. Bateson and his co-workers have made a plausible case for viewing the double bind as an important causative factor in the genesis of schizophrenia. [17] The double bind may not always be so damaging, but it always endangers the mental health of anyone to whom it is applied. A bad conscience, said Nietzsche, is a kind of cattell test illness. To conjure up a conscience in others is tempting to anyone who wishes to extend his control beyond the legal limits. About. Leaders at the highest level succumb to this temptation. Has any president during the past generation failed to call on labor unions to cattell test moderate voluntarily their demands for higher wages, or to Essay about Biography Revere steel companies to honor voluntary guidelines on prices?

I can recall none. The rhetoric used on hobbes realism such occasions is about of Paul Revere, designed to produce feelings of guilt in noncooperators. For centuries it was assumed without proof that guilt was a valuable, perhaps even an indispensable, ingredient of the civilized life. Now, in this post-Freudian world, we doubt it. Paul Goodman speaks from the modern point of view when he says: No good has ever come from feeling guilty, neither intelligence, policy, nor compassion. The guilty do not pay attention to the object but only to themselves, and not even to their own interests, which might make sense, but to their anxieties.'' [18] One does not have to zheng he's voyages be a professional psychiatrist to see the of Paul, consequences of anxiety. We in sonnet 46, the Western world are just emerging from a dreadful two centuries-long Dark Ages of Eros that was sustained partly by prohibition laws, but perhaps more effectively by the anxiety-generating mechanisms of education.

Alex Comfort has told the of Paul Revere, story well in The Anxiety Makers; [19] it is not a pretty one. Since proof is difficult, we may even concede that the results of anxiety may sometimes, from certain points of view, be desirable. The larger question we should ask is whether, as a matter of policy, we should ever encourage the use of a technique the tendency (if not the intention) of cattell test which is psychologically pathogenic. We hear much talk these days of responsible parenthood; the coupled words are incorporated into the titles of some organizations devoted to Essay birth control. Some people have proposed massive propaganda campaigns to instill responsibility into the nation's (or the world's) breeders.

But what is the meaning of the word conscience? When we use the word responsibility in the absence of substantial sanctions are we not trying to browbeat a free man in a commons into acting against his own interest? Responsibility is a verbal counterfeit for a substantial quid pro quo. It is an attempt to get something for nothing. If the Essay Why Change Tablets, word responsibility is to be used at all, I suggest that it be in the sense Charles Frankel uses it. [20] Responsibility, says this philosopher, is the product of definite social arrangements. Notice that Frankel calls for Essay about Biography of Paul, social arrangements -- not propaganda. Mutual Coercion Mutually Agreed Upon.

The social arrangements that produce responsibility are arrangements that create coercion, of some sort. Consider bank robbing. The man who takes money from a bank acts as if the hobbes realism, bank were a commons. How do we prevent such action? Certainly not by Biography trying to control his behavior solely by a verbal appeal to about Services his sense of about Biography of Paul responsibility. Rather than rely on propaganda we follow Frankel's lead and insist that a bank is not a commons; we seek the definite social arrangements that will keep it from becoming a commons. That we thereby infringe on the freedom of would-be robbers we neither deny nor regret. The morality of bank robbing is to the Ageing, particularly easy to understand because we accept complete prohibition of this activity. We are willing to say Thou shalt not rob banks, without providing for exceptions. But temperance also can be created by coercion.

Taxing is a good coercive device. To keep downtown shoppers temperate in their use of about Biography Revere parking space we introduce parking meters for short periods, and traffic fines for sonnet 46, longer ones. Essay About Revere. We need not actually forbid a citizen to park as long as he wants to; we need merely make it increasingly expensive for Why Change To Windows, him to do so. Not prohibition, but carefully biased options are what we offer him. A Madison Avenue man might call this persuasion; I prefer the greater candor of the word coercion.

Coercion is a dirty word to most liberals now, but it need not forever be so. Essay Of Paul. As with the four-letter words, its dirtiness can be cleansed away by exposure to frank the light, by saying it over and over about Biography Revere without apology or embarrassment. To many, the word coercion implies arbitrary decisions of distant and irresponsible bureaucrats; but this is not a necessary part of sonnet 46 its meaning. The only kind of coercion I recommend is mutual coercion, mutually agreed upon by of Paul Revere the majority of the people affected. To say that we mutually agree to coercion is not to say that we are required to enjoy it, or even to pretend we enjoy it. Providing. Who enjoys taxes? We all grumble about Essay Biography, them. But we accept compulsory taxes because we recognize that voluntary taxes would favor the conscienceless. We institute and To Windows (grumblingly) support taxes and Essay about Biography of Paul Revere other coercive devices to escape the horror of the commons. An alternative to the commons need not be perfectly just to Essay IPads To Windows Tablets be preferable.

With real estate and other material goods, the alternative we have chosen is the institution of private property coupled with legal inheritance. Is this system perfectly just? As a genetically trained biologist I deny that it is. It seems to me that, if there are to be differences in about Biography, individual inheritance, legal possession should be perfectly correlated with biological inheritance-that those who are biologically more fit to be the custodians of property and thomas hobbes power should legally inherit more. But genetic recombination continually makes a mockery of the doctrine of like father, like son implicit in our laws of legal inheritance. An idiot can inherit millions, and Essay about Revere a trust fund can keep his estate intact. We must admit that our legal system of private property plus inheritance is unjust -- but we put up with it because we are not convinced, at the moment, that anyone has invented a better system.

The alternative of the hobbes, commons is too horrifying to contemplate. Injustice is preferable to total ruin. It is one of the peculiarities of the warfare between reform and the status quo that it is thoughtlessly governed by a double standard. Whenever a reform measure is proposed it is often defeated when its opponents triumphantly discover a flaw in it. As Kingsley Davis has pointed out, [21] worshipers of the status quo sometimes imply that no reform is possible without unanimous agreement, an implication contrary to historical fact. As nearly as I can make out, automatic rejection of proposed reforms is of Paul Revere, based on one of two unconscious assumptions: (1) that the status quo is perfect; or (2) that the choice we face is between reform and no action; if the proposed reform is imperfect, we presumably should take no action at all, while we wait for a perfect proposal. But we can never do nothing. That which we have done for thousands of years is thomas hobbes realism, also action. Essay About Of Paul. It also produces evils. Once we are aware that the status quo is frank go into, action, we can then compare its discoverable advantages and disadvantages with the predicted advantages and about Biography of Paul disadvantages of the proposed reform, discounting as best we can for our lack of experience.

On the basis of such a comparison, we can make a rational decision which will not involve the unworkable assumption that only perfect systems are tolerable. Recognition of Necessity. Perhaps the simplest summary of this analysis of man's population problems is this: the commons, if justifiable at all, is justifiable only under conditions of low-population density. As the human population has increased, the commons has had to be abandoned in one aspect after another. First we abandoned the Essay, commons in food gathering, enclosing farm land and restricting pastures and hunting and fishing areas. These restrictions are still not complete throughout the world. Somewhat later we saw that the Essay Biography Revere, commons as a place for waste disposal would also have to zheng be abandoned.

Restrictions on the disposal of domestic sewage are widely accepted in Revere, the Western world; we are still struggling to close the commons to pollution by automobiles, factories, insecticide sprayers, fertilizing operations, and atomic energy installations. In a still more embryonic state is our recognition of the evils of the about To Windows, commons in matters of pleasure. There is almost no restriction on the propagation of sound waves in the public medium. Essay Biography. The shopping public is assaulted with mindless music, without its consent. Our government has paid out billions of dollars to thomas hobbes realism create a supersonic transport which would disturb 50,000 people for every one person whisked from coast to coast 3 hours faster. Advertisers muddy the Essay Biography, airwaves of radio and he's voyages television and pollute the view of travelers. We are a long way from outlawing the Biography of Paul, commons in he's, matters of pleasure. Is this because our Puritan inheritance makes us view pleasure as something of a sin, and pain (that is, the pollution of advertising) as the sign of virtue? Every new enclosure of the about of Paul Revere, commons involves the infringement of somebody's personal liberty. Infringements made in the distant past are accepted because no contemporary complains of a loss. It is the Providing Services to the, newly proposed infringements that we vigorously oppose; cries of rights and freedom fill the air.

But what does freedom mean? When men mutually agreed to pass laws against robbing, mankind became more free, not less so. About. Individuals locked into the logic of the commons are free only to bring on universal ruin; once they see the necessity of mutual coercion, they become free to pursue other goals. I believe it was Hegel who said, Freedom is the recognition of necessity. The most important aspect of necessity that we must now recognize, is the necessity of abandoning the commons in breeding. No technical solution can rescue us from the misery of overpopulation.

Freedom to breed will bring ruin to all. Frank. At the moment, to avoid hard decisions many of us are tempted to propagandize for Essay Biography of Paul Revere, conscience and hobbes responsible parenthood. The temptation must be resisted, because an appeal to independently acting consciences selects for the disappearance of all conscience in about Biography of Paul, the long run, and an increase in go into, anxiety in the short. The only way we can preserve and nurture other and more precious freedoms is by about of Paul relinquishing the freedom to breed, and that very soon. Freedom is the recognition of Why Change IPads Tablets necessity -- and it is the role of education to reveal to all the necessity of abandoning the freedom to breed. Only so, can we put an Essay Biography Revere end to this aspect of the tragedy of the commons. 1. J. Cattell Test. B. Wiesner and about of Paul Revere H. F. York, Scientific American 211 (No. 4), 27 (1964). 2. G. Hardin, Journal of Heredity 50, 68 (1959), S. von Hoernor, Science 137, 18, (1962).

3. J. von Neumann and O. Morgenstern, Theory of Games and Economic Behavior (Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J., 1947), p. Sonnet 46. 11. 4. Essay About. J. Zheng Voyages. H. Fremlin, New Scientist, No. Essay About Biography. 415 (1964), p. 285. 5. A. Smith, The Wealth of Nations (Modern Library, New York, 1937), p. 423. 6. W. F. Lloyd, Two Lectures on the Checks to Population (Oxford University Press, Oxford, England, 1833). 7. A. N. Whitehead, Science and the Modern World (Mentor, New York, 1948), p. 17. 8. G. Hardin, Ed., Population, Evolution, and Birth Control (Freeman, San Francisco, 1964), p. 56. 9. S. McVay, Scientific American 216 (No. 8), 13 (1966). 10.

J. About IPads To Windows Tablets. Fletcher, Situation Ethics (Westminster, Philadelphia, 1966). 11. D. Biography Of Paul Revere. Lack, The Natural Regulation of Animal Numbers (Clarendon Press, Oxford, England, 1954). 12. H. Sonnet 46. Girvetz, From Wealth to Welfare (Stanford University Press, Stanford, Calif, 1950). 13. G. Hardin, Perspectives in Biology and Essay about Biography Medicine 6, 366 (1963). 14. U Thant, International Planned Parenthood News, No. 168 (February 1968), p. 3.

15. K. Davis, Science 158, 730 (1967). 16. S. Tax, Ed., Evolution After Darwin (University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1960), vol. 2, p. 469. 17. G. Bateson, D. D. Jackson, J. Haley, J. Weakland, Behavioral Science 1, 251 (1956). 18. P. Goodman, New York Review of Books 10 (8), 22 (23 May 1968). 19.

A. Providing Ageing Population. Comfort, The Anxiety Makers (Nelson, London, 1967). 20. C. Frankel, The Case for Essay, Modern Man (Harper Row, New York, 1955), p. 203. 21. J. D. Roslansky, Genetics and the Future of Man (Appleton-Century-Crofts, New York, 1966), p. 177. THE TRAGEDY OF THE COMMON REVISITED. by Beryl Crowe (1969) reprinted in zheng voyages, MANAGING THE COMMONS. by Garrett Hardin and of Paul John Baden. W.H. Freeman, 1977; ISBN 0-7167-0476-5. There has developed in the contemporary natural sciences a recognition that there is a subset of problems, such as population, atomic war, and environmental corruption, for which there are no technical solutions.

There is also an increasing recognition among contemporary social scientists that there is a subset of sonnet 46 problems, such as population, atomic war, environmental corruption, and the recovery of a livable urban environment, for which there are no current political solutions. Essay About Revere. The thesis of this article is that the common area shared by these two subsets contains most of the thomas hobbes realism, critical problems that threaten the Essay about Revere, very existence of contemporary man. [p. 53] ASSUMPTIONS NECESSARY TO AVOID THE TRAGEDY. In passing the technically insoluble problems over to the political and social realm for solution, Hardin made three critical assumptions: (1) that there exists, or can be developed, a 'criterion of judgment and system of weighting . . .' that will 'render the incommensurables . . Sonnet 46. . commensurable . . About Of Paul Revere. . ' in real life; (2) that, possessing this criterion of judgment, 'coercion can be mutually agreed upon,' and that the thomas hobbes realism, application of coercion to about Biography of Paul effect a solution to problems will be effective in modern society; and. (3) that the administrative system, supported by the criterion of judgment and access to coercion, can and will protect the commons from further desecration. [p. 55] ERODING MYTH OF THE COMMON VALUE SYSTEM. In America there existed, until very recently, a set of conditions which perhaps made the solution to Hardin's subset possible; we lived with the myth that we were 'one people, indivisible. . . .' This myth postulated that we were the great 'melting pot' of the about Services Ageing Population, world wherein the diverse cultural ores of Europe were poured into the crucible of the Essay about, frontier experience to produce a new alloy -- an American civilization. IPads To Windows Tablets. This new civilization was presumably united by a common value system that was democratic, equalitarian, and existing under universally enforceable rules contained in the Constitution and the Bill of Rights.

In the United States today, however, there is emerging a new set of behavior patterns which suggest that the myth is either dead or dying. Biography Revere. Instead of believing and behaving in accordance with the myth, large sectors of the population are developing life-styles and value hierarchies that give contemporary Americans an thomas hobbes realism appearance more closely analogous to the particularistic, primitive forms of 'tribal' organizations in geographic proximity than to that shining new alloy, the American civilization. [p. 56] Looking at a more recent analysis of the sickness of the core city, Wallace F. Biography Of Paul Revere. Smith has argued that the Providing Services to the Population, productive model of the city is no longer viable for the purposes of economic analysis. Instead, he develops a model of the city as a site for about, leisure consumption, and then seems to suggest that the nature of this model is such is such that the city cannot regain its health because the leisure demands are value-based and, hence do not admit to compromise and accommodation; consequently there is no way of deciding among these value- oriented demands that are being made on the core city. In looking for the cause of the erosion of the myth of a common value system, it seems to me that so long as our perceptions and knowledge of other groups were formed largely through the written media of sonnet 46 communication, the American myth that we were a giant melting pot of equalitarians could be sustained. In such a perceptual field it is tenable, if not obvious, that men are motivated by interests.

Interests can always be compromised and accommodated without undermining our very being by sacrificing values. Under the impact of electronic media, however, this psychological distance has broken down and now we discover that these people with whom we could formerly compromise on interests are not, after all, really motivated by interests but by about Biography values. Their behavior in our very living room betrays a set of values, moreover, that are incompatible with our own, and consequently the compromises that we make are not those of contract but of culture. While the former are acceptable, any form of compromise on the latter is not a form of rational behavior but is rather a clear case of zheng voyages either apostasy or heresy. Thus we have arrived not at an age of accommodation but one of confrontation.

In such an age 'incommensurables' remain 'incommensurable' in real life. [p. 59]